PRODUKTIVITAS LAHAN USAHATANI SESUAI KELEMBAGAAN LAHAN (Suatu Tinjauan Teoritis)

Suwarto Suwarto

Abstract


Land is an important factor in farm. Lack of land availability, uneven, caused the cooperation between farmer whose wide land and farmer whose narrow or no land in to institutional land. Land institution cooperation happens a lot in the form of rental and sharecropping. In this case if an institution cooperation does not manage properly, the land farm productivity would be redused. This theoretical study aim to explain the productivity of land with regard to the behavior of farmers in the use of appropriate input as land institution. Scientists initially develop the first theory that became known as the traditional theory, which explains that sharecropping not produce optimum land productivity. The next scientist invalidates the theory of traditional and explained that sharecropping can achieve the same land productivity on land managed by the landlord or the rent. However, in part experts explain that there is opportunity in sharecropping conflict in determining the optimal input.


Key words:            land farm, productivity, land institution


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