A Cultural Content Analysis in English Textbook “English on Target” for SMA/MA Grade X

Nur Amalina Masturah, Muh .Asrori, Hefy Sulistyawati


This study was conducted to find out the representation of cultural content in English language textbook. The object of the research was an English textbook “English on Target” for SMA/MA grade X. The method used by this research was descriptive content analysis. Some underlying models proposed by Moran (2001) and Cortazzi and Jin (1999) were used as the main framework to analyze the textbook. The data were collected from all texts in reading exercises of the textbook. The analysis revealed two main facts. Firstly, dimension of product is dominant in the textbook followed by practices, persons, perspectives and communities. Secondly, most of those types of culture are presented in target culture followed by source culture, culture-free, and international culture. The result showed that the representation of culture indicated that there were some elements of cultural content lack of presentation in the textbook.


content analysis; cultural content; textbook

Full Text:



Bojanic, R and Topalov, J (2016) Textbooks in the efl classroom: defining, assessing and analyzing, Collection of papers of the faculty of philosophy xlvi, doi:10.5937/zrffp46-12094

Brown, H. Douglas. (2000). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive to Language Peda-gogy (2nd Ed.). New York: Longman, Inc.

Brown, H. Douglas. 2007. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. New York: Longman, Inc

Dinh, Thuy Ngoc. (2014) Culture Representation in Locally Developed English Text-books in Vietnams. New Castle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

Farzaneh, N., et al. (2014). A textbook evaluation of socio-cultural contexts in Top Notch series. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 98, 472 – 481. Retrieved from: doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro .2014.03.442

Frank, Jerrold. (2003). Raising Cultural Awareness in the English Language Classroom English Teaching Forum, v51 n4 2013, p.3, 35

Hasselgreen, A. (2003). Towards the assessment of intercultural competence. In A. Has-selgreen, Bergen ‘Can do’ project (pp. 45-55). Graz: Council of Europe Publish-ing.

Kiet Ho, Si Thang. (2009). Addressing Culture in EFL Classrooms: The Challenge of Shifting from a Traditional to an Intercultural Stance. Electronic Journal of For¬eign Language Teaching, Vol.6, 1, 63-67. http://e-flt.nus.edu.sg

Kirkpatrick, Andy. (2012). English as an International Language in Asia: Implication for Language Education

Matsumoto, David & Linda J. (2003). Culture and Psychology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson.

Mckay, Sandra Lee. (2002). Teaching English as an International Language: Implica-tions for Cultural Materials in the Classroom. Oxford: Oxford University

Méndez García, M. C. (2005). International and intercultural issues in English teaching textbooks: the case of Spain. Intercultural Education, 16, (1), 57-68.

Moran, Patrick. (2001). Teaching Culture: Perspective in Practice. Boston: Heinle &Heinle

Samsudin & Alim Sukrisno. (2016). Improving Students’ Motivation in Speaking Ability by Using Story Reteling.

Silvia, A. (2014). Cultural Content in English Textbook used in Madrasah Tsanawiyah in DKI Jakarta. Jakarta: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah

Song, Sooho. (2012). Politeness and Culture in Second Language Acquisition. London: Palgrave Macmillan

Tomlinson, Brian. (2006). Materials Development for Language Learning and Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Troncoso, Carlos Rico. (2010) The Effects of Language Materials on the Development of Intercultural Competence. In B. Tomlinson. Research for Materials Develop-ment in Language Learning: Evidence For Best Practice. Cambridge: Cam-bridge University Press

Yuen, K.-M. (2011). The Representation of Foreign cultures in English Textbooks. ELT Journal , 65 (4), 458-466.8


  • There are currently no refbacks.