Physics Learning with Metacognitive Approach through Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Reciprocal Learning (RL) model Viewed from Students' Critical Thinking Skill

Sulasih Sulasih, Sarwanto Sarwanto, Suparmi Suparmi

Abstract

Teachers have not been optimal in strengthening students' cognitive awareness in learning physics. This study aims to determine the effect of learning with a metacognitive approach through Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Reciprocal Learning (RL) model among students who have high critical thinking ability and low critical thinking ability. This research is an experimental study with the 2x2x2 factorial design. Object research is students of grade 11 science class in a high school in Central Java. The sample was obtained by cluster random sampling technique obtained by one class as an experimental and another class as a control. Data collection techniques use test techniques for their cognitive learning outcomes as well as their critical thinking skills and questionnaire and observation techniques for their attitude and skill learning outcomes. Analysis of the data using ANOVA 2 ways. The results show: (1) there are differences in learning outcomes between students who were given Physics learning model of PBL with reciprocal learning model. (2) There are differences in learning outcomes between students who have high critical thinking skills and low critical thinking skills. (3) There is no interaction between physics learning of PBL model and Physics learning of reciprocal learning model with students' critical thinking ability.

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