STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE CONSTRUCTIVIST INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS IN A TEACHING AND LEARNING COURSE

Meri Fuji Siahaan

Abstract

Constructivism is defined as building one’s own understanding. Constructivist instructional method requires that teacher should not be the one who informs but who facilitates the students learning. The purpose of this study is to obtain the students’ perceptions on the implementation of constructivist instructional methods in Teaching and Learning course. A survey research methodology was used with first semester students who were taking teaching and learning course as the subjects of this study. Methods of collecting data were questionnaires with open ended questions, deep interview and documentation. A qualitative analysis technique was performed on data from the survey instrument and the interview to answer 4 research questions. A descriptive analysis technique was performed on data to answer 1 research question from the survey instrument and documents. The data analysis revealed that constructivism instructional methods were clearly experienced when they were required to answer a lot of probing questions, had discussion in the classroom, had Facebook online discussions with clear guidance to do so, created ted talks and debating.The study implies that the constructivist instructional methods experienced by the students in the class help them to better understand the constructivism theory and its implications. 

Full Text:

PDF

References

Lefrancois. G R. 1999. Psychology for Teaching. Stamford: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. 10th ed. USA

Phillips. D.C. & Soltis J. F. 2009. Perspective on Learning. Columbia University: Teachers College Press. New York.

Santrock. J. W. 2009. Educational Psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill. 4th ed. USA.

O’Donnell. A. M, Reeve. J, and Smith. J. K. 2007. Educational Psychology: Reflection for Action. Hoboken: Jay O’Callaghan. New Jersey.

Gredler. M. E. 2001. Learning and Instruction: Theory into Practice. New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall. 4th ed. USA.

Eggen. P & Kauchack. D. 2007. Educational Psychology: Windows on Classrooms Pearson Education. New Jersey, USA.

Smith. F. 1998. The Book of Learning and Forgetting.Teachers College Press. New York.

Brummelan. V. 2009. Walking with God in the classroom. Jakarta: Universitas Pelita Harapan.

Government’s rules document. 2016 number 22. Standard Process on Indonesian’s National Curriculum 2013.

Kirschner. P.A, Sweller. J, and Clark. R. E. 2006. Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work: An Analysis of the Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, Experiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15326985ep4102_1

Jonassen. D. H. 2006. “A Constructivist's Perspective on Functional Contextualism Educational Technology,” Research and Development”.,54(1): pp. 43-47.

Biesta, G. 2005. “Against Learning: Reclaiming A Language for Education in An Age of Learning,” Nordic Educational Research., 25(1):pp.54-66.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments