The Effect of Interactive Digital Learning Module on Student’s Learning Activity and Autonomy

Wenny Pinta Litna Tarigan, Herbert Sipahutar, Fauziyah Harahap


In the modern society, the internet breaks through the restrictions on time and space and becomes a ubiquitous learning tool. Designing teaching activity for digital learning and flexibly applying technology tools are the key issues for current information technology integrated education. Interactive learning modules could be used in the classroom environment for effective learning. This study explored the effect of instructional modules for providing supplementary instruction in biology concepts. Interactive digital learning module was developed in order to assist students in biology learning. Interactive activities were considered in this study, include teacher – student interaction, student - student interaction, student - content interaction, and student - technology interaction. 180 students of Grade 11 in 6 classes at SMAN 2 Balige were selected as the research subjects. Three groups of students participated in biology learning course, (2 classes) using different modules were interactive digital module, digital module and text module. Goal of this research was to determine the impact of interactive digital learning module on students’ learning activity and autonomy. Quantitative results obtained by using questionnaire to understand the student’s learning activity and autonomy. Results showed student’s activities and autonomy who learned with interactive digital learning modules significantly different with students who learned using text learning modules. The use of interactive features increased the activity and autonomy of learners and created the student-centered learning environment. Students under interactive multimedia instruction performed better than text module class. These findings suggested that learning activity and autonomy of students in biology could be enhanced by multimedia instruction.


21st Century Skills, Metacognition, Biology Concepts, Thinking Skills, Human Body Systems

Full Text:



Abrami, P. C., Bernard, R. M., Borokhovski, E., Wade, A., Michael, A., Meta-analysis, A. S., … Zhang, D. (2008). Instructional Interventions Affecting Critical Thinking Skills and Dispositions: A Stage 1 Meta-Analysis.Journal of Educational Research, 78, 1102.

Alfianto, A. B., & Karyanto, P. (2019). Learning management system for eco literacy enhancement : The effectiveness of adopting Lewinshon indicators as an additional standard of competence Learning Management System for Eco Literacy Enhancement : The Effectiveness of Adopting Lewinshon Indicato. AIP Conference Proceeding, 020002, 2194.

Angeli, C., & Valanides, N. (2009). Instructional Effects on Critical Thinking : Performance on Ill-defined Issues.Learning and Instruction, 19(4), 322–334.

Anggriawan, F. S. (2009). Pengembangan Learning Management System ( LMS ) sebagai Media Pembelajaran Untuk Sekolah Menengah, (ellis), 1–10.

Averkieva, L., Chayka, Y., & Glushkov, S. (2015). Web Quest as a Tool for Increasing Students’ Motivation and Critical Thinking Development. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 206(November), 137–140.

Ben-chaim, D., Ron, S., & Zoller, U. (2000). The Disposition of Eleventh-Grade Science Students Toward Critical Thinking. Journal of Science and Education, 9(2).

Binkley, M., Erstad, O., Herman, J., Raizen, S., Ripley, M., Miller-ricci, M., & Rumble, M. (2012). Defining Twenty-First Century Skills. Springer Science and Business, 17–66. 5

Buchert, L. (2014). Learning Needs and Life Skills for Youth : An Introduction. Journal of Rev Education, (123), 163–176.

Cauley, P. (2013). A guide to explain it all.

Dewi, F. (2014). Edmodo : A Social learning platform for blended learning class in higher education. Researc in Education Technology : Pedadogy and Technology Journal.SEAMEO-SEAMOLEC, XI(2), 1–11.

Dewi, N. P. S. R., Adnyana, P. B., & Citrawathi, D. M. (2020). The Validity of Tri Hita Karana (THK) Oriented Blended Learning Tools to Improve Student’s Critical Thinking Ability. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1503(1).

Durak, G. (2017). International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning Using Social Learning Networks (SLNs) in Higher Education: Edmodo Through the Lenses of Academics. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(1), 85–109.

Dwyer, C. P., Hogan, M. J., Harney, O. M., & Kavanagh, C. (2017). Facilitating a student-educator conceptual model of dispositions towards critical thinking through interactive management. Educational Technology Research and Development, 65(1), 47–73.

Dwyer, C. P., Hogan, M. J., & Stewart, I. (2014). An Integrated Critical Thinking Framework for The 21st Century.Thingking Skill and Creativity, 12, 43–52.

Fong, L. L., Sidhu, G. K., & Fook, C. Y. (2014). Exploring 21st century skills among postgraduates in Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 123, 130–138.

Haviz, M., & Ridho, M. (2019). Trend in Biology Education Research From 2012 To 2017: a Content Analysis of Papers in Selected Journals From Indonesia. Edusains, 11(2), 221–232.

Hidayah, M. U., Lumowa, S. V. T., & Boleng, D. T. (2018). DEVELOPING THE ARCHAEBACTERIA AND EUBACTERIA WEB-BASED LEARNING MEDIA FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia, 4(2), 179–188.

Islek, D., & Hursen, C. (2014). Evaluation of Critical Thinking Studies In Terms of Content Analysis. Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 131, 290–299.

Kivunja, C. (2014). Do You Want Your Students to Be Job-Ready with 21 st Century Skills ? Change Pedagogies : A Pedagogical Paradigm Shift from Vygotskyian Social Constructivism to Critical Thinking , Problem Solving and Siemens ’ Digital Connectivism. International Journal of Higher Education, 3(3), 81–91.

Kozleski, E. B., Yu, T., Satter, A. L., Francis, G. L., & Haines, S. J. (2015). A Never Ending Journey: Inclusive Education Is a Principle of Practice, Not an End Game. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 40(3), 211–226.

Liberati, A., Altman, D. G., Tetzlaff, J., Mulrow, C., Gøtzsche, P. C., Ioannidis, J. P. A., … Moher, D. (2009). The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions: Explanation and elaboration. PLoS Medicine, 6(7).

Limiansi, K., Tias, A., & Devi, R. (2020). Transformation in Biology Learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic : From Offline to Online, 9, 189–202.

Lukitasari, M., Hasan, R., & Murtafiah, W. (2019). Using critical analysis to develop metacognitive ability and critical thinking skills in biology. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia, 5(1), 151–158.

Lukitasari, M., Purnamasari, I., Utami, S., & Sukri, A. (2019). Blended-Problem-Based Learning: How its impact on students’ critical thinking skills? JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia), 5(3), 425–434.

Mailani, T., Zulfarina, & Syafii, W. (2020). Development of the PDEODE-WEB Model in Blended Learning to Improve the Students Critical Thinking Skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1655(1).

Marope, P. T. M. (2015). Learning and Competences for The 21 Century. Journal of Prospect, 44(2014), 483–486.

Maryuningsih, Y., Hidayat, T., Riandi, R., & Rustaman, N. Y. (2019). Critical thinking skills of prospective biology teacher on the chromosomal basic of inheritance learning through online discussion forums. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1157(2).

Maryuningsih, Y., Hidayat, T., Riandi, R., & Rustaman, N. Y. (2020). Contribution of internet resources to mastery genetic concept on prospective teachers. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1521(4).

Maryuningsih, Yuyun, Hidayat, T., Riandi, R., & Rustaman, N. Y. (2020). The critical thinking skills of biology teacher candidates toward the ethical issues. JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia), 6(1), 65–74.

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., & Altman, D. G. (2009). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. Physical Therapy, 89(9), 873–880.

Noone, C., & Hogan, M. J. (2017). Improvements in Critical Thinking Performance Following Mindfulness Meditation Depend on Thinking Dispositions. Journal of Mindfulness. 0789-8

Nuri, A. R. U., Sajidan, Oetomo, D., Prasetyanti, N. M., & Parmin. (2019). Improving Indonesian Senior High School Students ’ Critical Thinking Skill through Science Integrated Learning (SIL) Model. Journal of Education and Teacher Training, 4(2), 145–158.

Permana, F. H., & Chamisijatin, L. (2019). Project-based learning through edmodo: improving critical thinking and histology concepts. Biosfer, 12(1), 58–69.

Petchtone, P., & Sumalee, C. (2014). The Validation of Web-based Learning Environment Model to Enhance Cognitive Skills and Critical Thinking for Undergraduate Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 669–673.

Plummer, J. D., & Maynard, L. (2014). Building a learning progression for celestial motion: An exploration of students’ reasoning about the seasons. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 51(7), 902–929.

Putri, S. U., & Hendawati, Y. (2018). Blended Project Based Learning : Strategy for Improving Critical Thinking of Pre-Service Teachers in Science Education. Proceeding of the 1st UR International Conference on Educational Sciences, 978–979.

Rahayu, U., & Sapriati, A. (2018). Open educational resources based online tutorial model for developing critical thinking of higher Distance Education Students. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 19(4), 163– 175.

Rakhmawati, I., Hasnunidah, N., & Priadi, M. A. (2020). Habits of Mind and Concept Mastery of Cell in Multimedia Virtual Class Environment: A Case of Biology Students in Lampung University. E-Journal Ups, 4(januari 2020), 1–11.

Shavelson, R. J. (2012). Learning Progressions in Science. Learning Progressions in Science, (January 2012).

Siti Rahmah dan Muhammad Kusas. (2016). Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Menggunakan Strategi Pembelajaran Predict-Observe-Explain (Poe) Pada Materi Larutan Elektrolit- Nonelektrolit Dan Reaksi Reduksi Oksidasi. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Sains, 7(1), 39–45.

Suparini, S., Rusdi, R., & Ristanto, R. H. (2020). Guided discovery-blended learning (GDBL) for critical thinking skill empowerment: A learning strategy in human excretory system. Biosfer, 13(2), 266–279.

Susetyarini, E., & Fauzi, A. (2020). Trend of critical thinking skill researches in biology education journals across Indonesia: From research design to data analysis. International Journal of Instruction, 13(1), 535–550.

Suyanto, Y. P., Susanto, H., & Linuwih, S. (2012). Keefektifan Penggunaan Strategi Predict , Observe And Explain Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Dan Kreatif Siswa. Journal of Physics Education, 1(2257). Tiruneh, D. T., Verburgh, A., & Elen, J. (2014). Effectiveness of Critical Thinking Instruction in Higher Education:

A Systematic Review of Intervention Studies. Higher Education Studies, 4(1).

Ventayen, R. J. M., Estira, K. L. A., Guzman, M. J. De, Cabaluna, C. M., & Espinosa, N. N. (2018). Usability Evaluation of Google Classroom: Basis for the Adaptation of GSuite E-Learning Platform Software Management View project Data Analysis View project. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences, 5(1), 47–51.

Wahyuni, S., Gusti Made Sanjaya, I., Erman, & Jatmiko, B. (2019). Edmodo-based blended learning model as an alternative of science learning to motivate and improve junior high school students’ scientific critical thinking skills. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 14(7), 98–110.

Zenker, F. (2016). Introduction : Reasoning , Argumentation , and Critical Thinking Instruction. Journal of Topoi, 3–4.

Zhang, C., Fan, H., Xia, J., Guo, H., Jiang, X., & Yan, Y. (2017). The Effects of Re fl ective Training on the Disposition of Critical Thinking for Nursing Students in China : A Controlled Trial. Journal of Asian Nursing Research, 1–7.

ŽivkoviÜ, S. (2016). A Model of Critical Thinking as an Important Attribute for Success in the 21st Century. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 232(April), 102–108.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Bioedukasi: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi

BIOEDUKASI: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi

Print p-ISSN: 1693-265X
Online ISSN: 2549-0605
Published by: Department of Biology Education,Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta