Synthesis of Graphene from Pencils Graphite Via Electrochemical Exfoliation Method as a Cu-Foil Coating on the Anode-Free Lithium-Ion Battery

Neka Nur Aida, Muhammad Ikhsanudin, Anif Jamaludin, Anafi Nur'aini, Eka Lutfi Septiani, Hendri Widiyandari


The Anode-free Li-ion Battery (AFLB) is an alternative to a new Li-ion battery model that offers high energy density at the same battery size as conventional models. Uncontrolled dendrite growth inactive the lithium deposition, resulting in decreased specific capacity, shortened lifecycle, and reduced coulombic efficiency. This work reported the utilization of graphene derived from pencil graphite for coating Cu foil as a current collector in AFLBs, to mitigate the formation of lithium dendrites and enhance battery capacity. The graphene-coated Cu foil exhibits a specific capacity of 143 mAh/g, representing a 20 mAh/g increase compared to batteries lacking a graphene coating. The coulombic efficiency of the battery with graphene coating in the charging and discharging process for three cycles is 84.53% in the 1st cycle, 101.44% in the 2nd cycle, and 98.58% in the 3rd cycle.


anode-free lithium-ion battery; electrochemical exfoliation method; graphene.

Full Text:



Agustin, A., 2017. Karakterisasi Keratin dengan Variasi KOH sebagai Bahan Anoda pada Baterai Litium. Skripsi. Malang: UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

Hagos, T. T., Thirumalraj, B., Huang, C. J., Abrha, L. H., Hagos, T. M., Berhe, G. B., Bezabh, H. K., Cheng, J., Chiu, S. F., Su, W. N., and Hwang, B. J., 2019. Locally Concentrated LiPF6 in a Carbonate-Based Electrolyte with Fluoroethylene Carbonate as a Diluent for Anode-Free Lithium Metal Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 11(10), 9955–9963.

Jamaluddin, A., Umesh, B., Chen, F., Chang, J. K., and Su, C. Y., 2020. Facile Synthesis of Core–Shell Structured Si@graphene Balls as a High-Performance Anode for Lithium-ion Batteries. Nanoscale, 12, 9616–9627.

Liang, B., Liu, Y., and Xu, Y., 2014. Silikon-Based Materials as High Capacity Anodes for Next Generation lithium Ion Batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 267, 469–490.

Mankge, N. S., Madito, M. J., Hlongwa, N. W., and Kuvarega, A. T., 2021. Review of Electrochemical Production of Doped Graphene for Energy Storage Applications. Journal of Energy Storage, 46, 103527.

Qian, J., Adams, B. D., Zheng, J., Xu, W., Henderson, W. A., Wang, J., Bowden, M. E., Xu, S., Hu, J., and Zhang, J. G., 2016. Anode-Free Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, 26(39), 7094–7102.

Tong, Z., Bazri, B., Hu, S. F., and Liu, R. S., 2021. Interfacial Chemistry in Anode-Free Batteries: Challenges and Strategies. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 9(12), 7396–7406.

Wang, J., Manga, K. K., Bao, Q., and Loh, K. P., 2011. High-Yield Synthesis of Few-Layer Graphene Flakes through Electrochemical Expansion of Graphite in Propylene Carbonate Electrolyte. Journal of The American Chemical & Society, 133(23), 8888-8891.

Wang, Q., Liu, B., Shen, Y., Wu, J., Zhao, Z., Zhong, C., & Hu, W. (2021). Confronting the challenges in lithium anodes for lithium metal batteries. Advanced Science, 8(17), 2101111.

Wang, S., Fan, Y., Stroe, D. I., Fernandez, C., Yu, C., Cao, W., and Chen, Z., 2021. Battery System Modeling. Elsevier Science, Netherlands.

Yu, P., Lowe, S. E., Simon, G. P., and Zhong, Y. L., 2015. Electrochemical Exfoliation of Graphite and Production of Functional Graphene. Journal of Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, 20(5), 329–338.


  • There are currently no refbacks.