Lexical and Syntactic Competency through Language Camp Activities Based on Multiple Intelligence Approach

Sasiwimon Sutthisan


The attempts of the present research were 1) to investigate the students’ problems in terms of lexical and syntactic usage in Language camp prior to the implementation of the activities based on multiple intelligence approach 2) to develop the students in terms of lexical and syntactic used in Language camp and 3) to compare the students’ learning achievement in terms of lexical and syntactic used in Language camp before and after implementing the activities based on multiple intelligence approach. The research sample, obtained by a purposive sampling technique, comprised 52 third-year students enrolled in Language Camp for English Skill Development course in the 2nd semester, Academic Year 2017. The research tools used in the study comprised of pre-and post-test, activities based on Multiple Intelligence approach, and standardized interview. The obtained quantitative data were computed by means, standard deviation, percentage, and independent sample t-test whereas the content analysis was done to elicit the qualitative data. The findings indicated that the students' problems of lexical and syntactic usage were categorized into two main issues: the confusion of using vocabularies and sentences and incorrect sentence orders. The results from the comparison before and after implementing the activities based on multiple intelligence approach revealed statistically significant differences at the .01 level. The students’ achievements were considerably improved after learning through the activities based on multiple intelligence approach and could employ each lexical and syntactic category with more confidence when retaking the exam.

Full Text:



Learning Indicators Based on English National Curriculum. (2008). Bangkok: Ministry of Education.

AKÇIN, S. (2009). The Effects of Using Activities Based on Multiple Intelligence Theory on 11th Grade Students’ Learning and Retention of English Vocabulary. Dokuz Eylül Üniversites Egitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü,

Bakhsh, S. A. (2016). Using Games as a Tool in Teaching Vocabulary to Young Learners. English Language Teaching, 9(7), 120-128.

Gardner, H. (1993). Frames of Mind: the theory of multiple intelligences: Basic Books.

Hussen, S. S. (2010). Effect of using the activities of multiple intelligences to learn some basic skills in kata and level of harmonic behavior of the mentallyHandicapped, "Acceptors for learning. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 1950–1955.

Kunakorn, S. (1998). A comparison of Prathomsuksa 1 Students' Math Learning Achievement and Retention Using Play & Learn Method and Traditional Method. (Master's Degree), Burapa University, Chonburi.

Larsen-Freeman, D. (1986). Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rezeq, R. S. A. (2014). The Effect of Using Multiple Intelligences on Developing Fifth Graders’ Achievement of Vocabulary in the Gaza Strip. Al-Azhar University-Gaza


Salungsuk, T., Toonthong, S., & Sriraksa, P. (2013). A Comparison of Vocabularies Memorized Ability and Attitude Towards English Learning of Prathomsuksa 4 Students Taught by Songs and Games. Paper presented at the Graduate Research Conference, Khon Kan University.

Sripramong, S. (2004). The Study of the Effect of Using Vocabulary Games on the Retention in Learning Vocabulary of Prathomsuksa Five Students. (MA), Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok.

Wright, A., Betteridge, D., & Buckby, M. (2005). Games for language learning (3ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.20961/ijpte.v2i0.25146


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Sasiwimon Sutthisan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


International Journal of Pedagogy and Teacher Education

Print ISSN: 2597-7792
Online ISSN: 2549-8525
Website: https://jurnal.uns.ac.id/ijpte/index
Email: ijpte@mail.uns.ac.id
Published by: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret
Ir. Sutami Street, No. 36A, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah Indonesia