Sintesis, Karakterisasi dan Kinerja Membran Hidrofobik Menggunakan Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) sebagai Aditif

Umi Fathanah, Mirna Rahmah Lubis, Zuhra Mahyuddin, Syawaliah Muchtar, Mukramah Yusuf, Cut Meurah Rosnelly, Sri Mulyati, Rina Hazliani, Devi Rahmanda, Suraiya Kamaruzzaman, Meuthia Busthan

Abstract

Artikel ini melaporkan tentang sintesis, karakterisasi dan kinerja membran polyethersulfone (PES) yang dimodifikasi dengan aditif polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kinerja dan sifat antifouling membran. Membran PES modifikasi dibuat dengan penambahan 0,5% PVP sebagai aditif, menggunakan pelarut dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) dan n-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP). Pengaruh penambahan aditif dalam sistem membran dievaluasi dengan menganalisa perubahan struktur kimia menggunakan fourier transform infrared (FTIR), perubahan morfologi permukaan menggunakan scanning electron microscopy (SEM), uji kuat tarik menggunakan tensile strength meter, uji porositas membran dengan menggunakan metode gravimetri, serta pengujian kinerja filtrasi, dan sifat antifouling. Hasil analisa struktur membran dengan SEM menunjukkan adanya pengaruh jenis pelarut dan penambahan aditif terhadap perubahan morfologi membran. Selain itu modifikasi membran juga meningkatkan porositas, kinerja fluks permeasi serta sifat antifouling membran. Hasil uji filtrasi membran menunjukkan perolehan permeabilitas air pada membran D-0,5 dan N-0,5 masing masing sebesar 47,5 L/m2.jam.atm dan 41,5 L/m2.jam.atm dengan sifat antifouling membran modifikasi lebih besar dibandingkan dengan membran tanpa modifikasi.

 

Synthesis, Characterization, and Performance of Hydrophobic Membranes Using Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) as Additives. This paper discusses the synthesis, characterization and performance of polyethersulfone (PES) membranes modified with polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) additives in order to improve the performance and antifouling properties of membranes. The modified PES membrane was prepared by adding 0.5% PVP as an additive, using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and n-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) as solvents. The effect of adding additives to the membrane system was evaluated by analyzing changes in chemical structure using fourier transform infrared (FTIR), changes in surface morphology using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), tensile strength test using tensile strength meter, membrane porosity test using the gravimetric method, as well as testing the filtration performance and antifoulingproperties. The results of membrane structure analysis by SEM showed the influence of the type of solvent and additives on changes in membrane morphology. In addition, membrane modification also increases porosity, permeation flux performance, and membrane antifouling properties. The results of the membrane filtration test showed that the water permeability of D-0.5 and N-0.5 membranes was 47.5 L/m2.h.atm and 41.5 L/m2.h.atm, respectively, with modified membrane antifouling properties larger than the membrane without modification.

Keywords

antifouling; permeated flux; hydrophilicity; PES; PVP

Full Text:

PDF

References

Arahman, Nasrul, Fahrina, A., Wahab, M. Y., and Fathanah, U., 2018. Morphology and Performance of Polyvinylchloride Membrane Modified with Pluronic F127. F1000 Reasearch, 0, 1–16. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.15077.1.

Fathanah, U., Machdar, I., Riza, M., Arahman, N., Lubis, M. R., and Yusuf, M., 2020. The Improvement of Hydrophilic Property of Polyethersulfone Membrane with Chitosan as Additive. Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia and Lingkungan, 15(1), 53–61. doi: 10.23955/rkl.v15i1.15916.

Galvao, J., Davis, B., Tilley, M., Normando, E., Duchen, M. R., and Cordeiro, M. F., 2013. Unexpected Low-Dose Toxicity of the Universal Solvent DMSO. The FASEB Journal, 1–14. doi: 10.1096/fj.13-235440.

Han, M., and Nam, S., 2002). Thermodynamic and Rheological Variation in Polysulfone Solution by PVP and its Effect in the Preparation of Phase Inversion Membrane. Journal of Membrane Science, 202, 55–61.

Huang, Y., Wang, Z., Yan, X., Chen, J., Guo, Y., and Lang, W., 2017. Versatile Polyvinylidene Fluoride Hybrid Ultrafiltration Membranes with Superior Antifouling, Antibacterial and Self-Cleaning Properties for Water Treatment. Journal of Colloid And Interface Science, 505, 38–48. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2017.05.076.

Jiang, J., Zhu, L., Zhang, H., Zhu, B., and Xu, Y., 2014. Improved Hydrodynamic Permeability and Antifouling Properties of Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Membranes Using Polydopamine Nanoparticles as Additives. Journal of Membrane Science, 457, 73–81. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2014.01.043.

Jouyban, A., Fakhree, M. A. A., and Shayanfar, A., 2010. Review of Pharmaceutical Applications of N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone. Journal of Pharm Pharmaceutical Science ,13(4), 524–535.

Lin, J., Zhang, R., Ye, W., Jullok, N., Sotto, A., and Van der Bruggen, B., 2013. Nano-WS2 Embedded PES Membrane with Improved Fouling and Permselectivity. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 396, 120–128. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.01.028.

Liu, F., Hashim, N. A., Liu, Y., Abed, M. R. M., and Li, K., 2011. Progress in the Production and Modification of PVDF Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 375(1–2), 1–27. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2011.03.014.

Marques, F., Rezzadori, K., Carolina, M., Zanatta, V., Zin, G., Walker, D., Oliveira, J. V. De, Carlos, J., Petrus, C., and Di, M., 2015. Influence of Different Solvent and Time of Pretreatment on Commercial Polymeric Ultrafiltration Membranes Applied to Non-Aqueous Solvent Permeation. European Polymer Journal, 66, 492–501. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2015.03.010.

Mavukkandy, M. O., Bilad, M. R., Kujawa, J., Al-Gharabli, S., and Arafat, H. A., 2017. On the effect of fumed silica particles on the Structure, Properties and Application of PVDF Membranes. Separation and Purification Technology, 187, 365–373. doi: 10.1016/j.seppur.2017.06.077.

Mi, Y.-F., Xu, G., Guo, Y.-S., Wu, B., and An, Q.-F., 2019. Development of Antifouling Nanofiltration Membrane with Zwitterionic Functionalized Monomer for Efficient Dye/Salt Selective Separation. Journal of Membrane Science, 117795. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2019.117795.

Muchtar, S., Wahab, M. Y., Mulyati, S., Arahman, N., and Riza, M., 2019. Superior Fouling Resistant PVDF Membrane with Enhanced Filtration Performance Fabricated by Combined Blending and the Self-Polymerization Approach of Dopamine. Journal of Water Process Engineering, 28(February), 293–299. doi: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.02.012.

Mulder, M., 1991. Basic Principles of Membrane Technology. Kluwer Academic Publishers. doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-0835-7.

Nikooe, N., and Saljoughi, E., 2017. Preparation and Characterization of Novel PVDF Nanofiltration Membranes with Hydrophilic Property for Filtration of Dye Aqueous Solution. Applied Surface Science, 413, 41–49. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.04.029.

Pourjafar, S., Rahimpour, A., and Jahanshahi, M., 2012. Synthesis and Characterization of PVA/PES thin film Composite Nanofiltration Membrane Modified with TiO2 Nanoparticles for Better Performance and Surface properties. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 18(4), 1398–1405. doi: 10.1016/j.jiec.2012.01.041.

Shen, J., Ruan, H., Wu, L., and Gao, C., 2011. Preparation and Characterization of PES-SiO2 Organic-Inorganic Composite Ultrafiltration Membrane for Raw Water Pretreatment. Chemical Engineering Journal, 168(3), 1272–1278. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2011.02.039.

Sun, W., Liu, J., Chu, H., and Dong, B., 2013. Pretreatment and membrane Hydrophilic Modification to Reduce Membrane Fouling. Membranes, 3(3), 226–241. doi: 10.3390/membranes3030226.

Susanto, H., and Ulbricht, M., 2009. Characteristics, Performance and Stability of Polyethersulfone Ultrafiltration Membranes Prepared by Phase Separation Method Using Different Macromolecular Additives. Journal of Membrane Science 327, 125–135. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2008.11.025.

Susanto, H., Susanto, A. A., dan Widiasa, I. N., 2012. Karakteristik Interaksi Membran-Foulant dan Foulant-Foulant sebagai Dasar Pengendalian Fouling. Reaktor, 14(1), 17–24.

Tan, Y. Z., Mao, Z., Zhang, Y., Tan, W. S., Chong, T. H., Wu, B., and Chew, J. W., 2019. Enhancing fouling mitigation of Submerged Flat-Sheet Membranes by Vibrating 3D-spacers. Separation and Purification Technology, 215 (September 2018), 70–80. doi: 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.12.085.

Kusumawati, N. dan Tania, S., 2019. Pembuatan dan Uji Kemampuan Membran Khitosan sebagai Membran Ultrafiltrasi untuk Pemisahan Zat Warna Rhodamin B. Molekul, 7 (1), 43–52.

Taylor, P., Ong, C. S., Lau, W. J., Goh, P. S., and Ng, B. C., 2013. Preparation and Characterization of PVDF – PVP – TiO 2 Composite Hollow Fiber Membranes for Oily Wastewater Treatment using Submerged Membrane system. Desalination and Water Treatment, September 2014, 37–41. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2013.855679.

Wahab, M. Y., Muchtar, S., Jeon, S., Fang, L.-F., Rajabzadeh, S., Takagi, R., Arahman, N., Mulyati, S., Riza, M., and Matsuyama, H., 2019. Synergistic Effects of Organic and Inorganic Additives in Preparation of Composite Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) Antifouling Ultrafiltration Membranes. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 0(0), 47737. doi: 10.1002/app.47737.

Wang, D., Li, K., and Teo, W. K., 1999. Preparation and characterization of polyvinylidene fluoride ( PVDF ) hollow fiber membranes. Journal of Membrane Science,163, 211–220.

Wang, Z., Wang, H., Liu, J., and Zhang, Y., 2014. Preparation and antifouling Property of Polyethersulfone Ultrafiltration Hybrid Membrane Containing Halloysite Nanotubes Grafted with MPC via RATRP Method. Desalination, 344, 313–320. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2014.03.040.

Wei, X., Wang, Z., Wang, J., and Wang, S., 2012. A Novel Method of Surface Modification to Polysulfone Ultrafiltration Membrane by Preadsorption of Citric Acid or Sodium Bisulfite. Membrane Water Treatment, 3(1), 35–49.

Yeow, M. L., Liu, Y. T., and Li, K., 2003. Morphological Study of Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Asymmetric Membranes : Effects of the Solvent , Additive , and Dope Temperature. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 92, 1782-1789.

Yu, H., Zhang, X., Zhang, Y., Liu, J., and Zhang, H., 2013. Development of a Hydrophilic PES Ultrafiltration Membrane Containing Sio2@N-Halamine Nanoparticles with Both Organic Antifouling and Antibacterial Properties. Desalination, 326, 69–76. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2013.07.018.

Yuan, Z., and Dan-li, X., 2008. Porous PVDF / TPU Blends Asymmetric Hollow Fiber Membranes Prepared With The Use of Hydrophilic Additive PVP (K30). Desalination, 223, 438–447. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2007.01.184.

Zhao, W., Su, Y., Li, C., Shi, Q., Ning, X., and Jiang, Z., 2008. Fabrication of antifouling Polyethersulfone Ultrafiltration Membranes Using Pluronic F127 as Both Surface Modifier and Pore-Forming Agent. Journal of Membrane Science, 318, 405–412. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2008.03.013.

Zhao, X., Zhang, R., Liu, Y., He, M., Su, Y., Gao, C., and Jiang, Z., 2018. Antifouling Membrane Surface Construction: Chemistry Plays a Critical Role. Journal of Membrane Science, 551, 145–171. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2018.01.039.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.