Isolation of Silica-Lignin Composites from Rice Husk and Their Adsorption to Cr(VI)

Yati B. Yuliyati, Seli Listiani, Solihudin Solihudin, Atiek Rostika Noviyanti

Abstract

Rice husk is the most abundant agricultural waste in Indonesia. It can be used as a precursor for multifunctional materials such as silica-lignin composite for adsorbents. Silica-lignin can reduce heavy metal content in an industrial waste, such as the content of Cr(VI). This study aims to isolate and characterize silica-lignin composite, and determines the isotherm type of silica-lignin for hexavalent chromium adsorption. The isolation from rice husk used an alkali extraction method. Confirmation of typical functional groups in the silica-lignin composite was characterized by FTIR, while the morphology was characterized by SEM, respectively. The results reveal that the silica-lignin isolation was successfully performed.  FTIR spectra indicate a typical wavenumber of the silica-lignin.  The SEM image of the composite showed homogeneous morphology. The silica-lignin adsorption process on hexavalent chromium followed a Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) isotherm type indicated by multilayer adsorption with a surface area of 948.8421 mg. g-1.

Keywords

alkalis extraction; BET; rice husk; silica-lignin

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References

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