Error Analysis in Pronouncing English Vowels of the Eleventh Grade Students in One of Senior High Schools in Sukoharjo

Jani Ramadani, Martono Martono, Hasan Zainnuri


Pronunciation is essential for effective communication. The incoherent pronunciation can lead to misunderstanding in communication. This research was aimed to investigate the errors made by the students in pronouncing English vowels and the factors that underlie the errors by using error analysis. This research was qualitative descriptive research, and 15 students were involved as the participants. The data were collected through pronunciation tests and interviews. The results indicated that students made 615 total errors in pronouncing English vowels which included diphthong (46.02%), short vowels (38.21%), and long vowels (15.77%). Besides, it was found that /ʊə/, /ɪ/, /eɪ/, /ʌ/, and /ə/ were the most frequently mispronounced sounds. The main factors causing students' errors were intralingual transfer and interlingual transfer.


Error Analysis; Pronunciation Error, Pronunciation Skills, Vowels

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