A Correlation Study Between Critical Thinking Skill, Grammatical Mastery, and Critical Reading Skill

Ariska Aditiara, Ngadiso Ngadiso, Nur Arifah Drajati


Critical reading skill is important to be learned for the college students. The skill helps them especially when reading journal, writing critical summary, and writing thesis, as their final assignment. The aim of this study is to find out the correlation between (1) critical thinking skill and critical reading skill; (2) grammatical mastery and critical reading skill; (3) critical thinking skill and grammatical mastery toward critical reading skill. The population of the study is the third semester of one of the universities in Surakarta. The sample are 27 students. The instruments in collecting the data are tests. The results of this research show that 1) there is positive correlation between critical thinking skill and critical reading skill (rxly=0.669); 2) there is a positive correlation grammatical mastery and critical reading skill (rx2y=0.682); and 3) there is a positive correlation among critical thinking skill, grammatical mastery, and critical reading skill (R = 0.77). The results of this research show that critical thinking skill and grammatical mastery have contributions on the students’ critical reading skill especially in the students’ score and the process to answer the question of the test. Therefore, critical thinking skill and grammatical mastery can be implemented in teaching and learning of critical reading. An English teacher needs to arrange some activities in his lesson plan which can increase students’ critical thinking skill and grammatical mastery that are related to the teaching and learning of critical reading skill.


Correlation;Critical Thinking Skill;Grammatical Mastery;Critical Reading Skill

Full Text:



Brown, D. P., & Chaware, J. (2004). U.S. Patent No. 6,801,903. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Brown, H. D. (2000). Principles of language teaching and learning.

Duran, E., & Yalçintaş, E. (2015). Review of the Critical Reading Education in the Primary Schools1. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 1560-1566.

Elder, L. & Paul, R. (2010) . Retrieved December 12, 2017, from http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/critical-thinking-development-a-stage-theory/483

Frank, M. (1972). Modern English: A Practical Reference Guide.

Harmer, J. (1987). Teaching and learning grammar. Longman.

Haromi, F. A. (2014). Teaching through appraisal: Developing critical reading in Iranian EFL learners. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 98, 127-136.

Hitchcock, D. (2017). Do the Fallacies Have a Place in the Teaching of Reasoning Skills or Critical Thinking?. In On Reasoning and Argument (pp. 401-408). Springer International Publishing.

Hornby, A. S. (1995). Guide to Patterns and Usage in English.

House, H. C., & Harman, S. E. (1950). Descriptive English Grammar. Rev. by Susan Emolyn Harmon. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: PrenticeHall.

Johnson, R. H., & Hamby, B. (2015). A meta-level approach to the problem of defining ‘Critical Thinking’. Argumentation, 29(4), 417-430.

Kadir, N. A., Subki, R. N. S., Jamal, F. H. A., & Ismail, J. (2014). The importance of teaching critical reading skills in a Malaysian reading classroom. In The 2014 WEI International Academic Conference Proceedings.

Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research methodology: Methods and techniques. New Age International.

Küçükoğlu, H. (2013). Improving reading skills through effective reading strategies. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 70, 709-714.

Kurland, D. J. ( (2000). Critical Reading VS Critical Thinking. Retrieved December 12, 2017, from http://www.criticalreading.com/critical_reading_thinking.htm

Lock, G. (1996). Functional English grammar: An introduction for second language teachers. Cambridge University Press.

Mystkowska-Wiertelak, A., & Pawlak, M. (2012). Production-oriented and comprehension-based grammar teaching in the foreign language classroom. Springer Science & Business Media.

Nunan, D. (1992). Research methods in language learning. Cambridge University Press.

Sugiyono, P. Dr. 2011 Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Cetakan Ke-15. Alfabeta: Bandung.

Taglieber, L. K. (2003). Critical reading and critical thinking. Ilha do Desterro A Journal of English Language, Literatures in English and Cultural Studies, (44), 141-163.

Thornbury, S. (2005). How to teach speaking. Longman.

Ur, P. (1999). A course in language teaching. Ernst Klett Sprachen.

Wang, Q., & Woo, H. L. (2010). Investigating students’ critical thinking in weblogs: An exploratory study in a Singapore secondary school. Asia Pacific Education Review, 11(4), 541-551.

Wiedarti, P. Kisyani-Laksono et. al. 2016. Desain Induk Gerakan Literasi Sekolah. Jakarta: Dikdasmen, Kemdikbud.


  • There are currently no refbacks.