Reorientasi Pembelajaran Sains Berbasis Literasi Kelautan

Nur Eka Kusuma Hindrasti

Abstract

Indonesia Maritime Culture, as the first pillar in the concept of maritime axis, is being pursued to be realized by the Government of Indonesia through the maritime curriculum in schools. In fact, Indonesia is experiencing delays in the implementation of marine education (maritime education) compared to countries that have other long shorelines, such as Canada, Japan and the UK. Knowledge of the sea becomes a starting point in marine education (learning and teaching of ocean and aquatic science). This knowledge of the sea is universally agreed upon as ocean literacy, which can be nurtured in marine education. Very little publication of the results of thought and research on Indonesian ocean literacy in national journals, and none in international journals is evidence of Indonesia has not been serious in marine education. In the next maritime curriculum, all subjects required can be integrated with the ocean science. While the subjects closest to ocean science are science learning, especially biology, then geography, physics, and chemistry. Research trends in science learning and teaching in the future should also be oriented to ocean literacy. In addition, socio-scientific issues are also found in marine and coastal life, so student must master of ocean literacy is absolutely done. The study in this article suggests using a system-based approach in teaching science based on ocean literacy. While systemic thinking is the ability to understand and interpret complex systems, and consists of different types and levels of thinking skills. The next suggestion is the application of teaching methods that facilitate systemic thinking skills. Three main suggestions are also given to the marine education community. While the instructional tool that can be adopted to implement marine education is the Ocean Literacy Scope and Squence for Grades K-12. Thus, it is expected that the Indonesian people will be ocean literate.

 

Keywords

ocean literacy; marine education; systems-based approach

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