KINERJA USAHATANI PADI DENGAN MESIN TRANSPLANTER DALAM RANGKA EFISIENSI TENAGA KERJA

Dewi Sahara, Ekaningtyas Kushartanti, Tota Suhendrata

Abstract

Rice  is  still  the  main  food  staple  for  Indonesian  people,  therefore  rice commodity  has  a  strategic  position  either  on  economics,  environmental,  social  and political  aspect.  Lately,  some  rice  production  centre  area  in  Central  Java  have experienced  a  scarcity  in  labour  specially  for  rice  seedling  activity.   To  solve  this problem labour efficiency is needed by using transplanter to cultivate rice seed.  The objective  of  this  study  are  to  know  the  efficiency  of  labor  time  and  to  identify  the perfomance of rice farming system with transplanter.  This study was done in Klaten District by using survey method to 30 rice farmers.  To identify efficiency of labor time with  compare  of  time  spent  on  farm  between  manually  and  using  transplanter, whereas  to  identify  the  perfomance  of  rice  farming  system  with  transplanter  BCR (Benefit  Cost  Ratio)  can  be  used.  The  result  showed  that  the  labour  needed  for seedling  until  cultivating  manually  is  32,79  of  male’s  hours  and  23,79  of   female’s hours, whereas by using it is transplanter only needed 18,67 male’s hours and none for female’s hours. If BCR with and no transplanter compared, rice farming after using  transplanter  has  a  higher  (3,56)  feasibility  compare  to  none  it  (2,35). Therefore, to increase production and farmer’s income, as well as labour efficiency also were it is recommended to use transplanter.

Keywords

performance; rice; labour; transplanter

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