Nur Alfin Karimah, Ahmad Munir, Syafiul Anam


Research in Research Article (RA) abstract written by native English authors has been widely conducted. Yet, a comparison of RA abstracts written by American authors and Indonesian authors has not been conducted. This paper reports a study on the analysis of research article abstracts written by American and Indonesian authors published in two reputable journals. Data presented are move sequences of 20 Research Article (RA) abstracts from the latest six years issue (2021-2016). The abstracts were selected from a particular discipline, English language teaching and learning, to control the variability. The findings reveal that the salient move sequences of two groups have reflected the stipulated framework of the rhetorical abstracts. The American authors and Indonesian authors complete the moves occasionally within 3 units, 4 units, or 5 units. The similarity and differences of expressions used in writing abstracts in each move have been detected. The article concludes by highlighting the status of Indonesian authors in writing the RA abstracts compared to the native English authors.

Full Text:



Amalia, A. S., Kadarisman, E., & Laksmi, E. D. (2018). The Rhetorical Moves in Indonesian EFL Thesis Abstracts across Educational Levels. Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora, 6(2), 99-107.

Andika, R. P., Safnil, & Harahap, A. (2018). Rhetorical Moves and Linguistic Features of Journal Article Abstracts by Postgraduate Students, National and International Authors in Applied Linguistics. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature, 3(1), 14-27.

Asari, S. (2018). Rhetorical Moves in English Language Teaching and Learning Research Articles Written by Indonesian English Academics. Surabaya: Universitas Negeri Surabaya.

Bonn, S. V., & Swales, J. M. (2007). English and French Journal Abstracts in the Language Sciences: Three Exploratory Studies. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 6, 93-108.

Irawati, L., Saukah, A., & Ruslan, S. (2018). Indonesian Authors Writing Their Discussion Section both in English and Indonesian Research Articles. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 37(3), 447-456.

Kafes, H. (2012). Cultural Traces on the Rhetorical Organization of Research Article Abstracts. International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications, 3(3), 207-220.

Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content Analysis An Introduction to Its Methodology. USA: SAGE Publications.

Li, X. (2020). Mediating Cross-cultural Differences in Research Article Rhetorical Moves in Academic Translation: A Pilot Corpus-based Study of Abstracts. Lingua, 238, 1-11.

Liang, L., Rousseau, R., & Zhong, Z. (2013). Non-English Journals and Papers in Physics and Chemistry: Bias in Citations? Scientometrics, 95(1), 333–350.

Luthfiyah, Alek, & Fahriany. (2015). An Investigation of Cohesion and Rhetorical Moves in Thesis Abstracts. Indonesian Journal of English Education, 2(2), 146-159.

Martin, P. M. (2003). A genre analysis of English and Spanish research paper abstracts in experimental social science. English for Specific Purpose, 22, 25-43.

Martin-Martin, P., & Burgess, S. (2004). The Rhetorical Management of Academic Criticism in Research Article Abstracts. Text, 24(2), 171-195.

Melander, B., Swales, J. M., & Fredrickson, K. M. (1997). Journal Abstracts from Three Academic Fields in the United States and Sweden: National or Disciplinary Proclivities? In A. Duszak, Culture and Styles of Academic Discourse. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 251-272.

Mirahayuni, N. K. (2002). Investigating Generic Structure of English Research Articles: Writing Strategy Differences between English and Indonesian Writers. TEFLIN, 13(1), 22-57.

Siyaswati, & Rochmawati, D. (2017). Rhetorical Perspectives of Undergraduate Students' Theses Abstracts. Register Journal, 10(2), 157-169.

Suryani, F. B., & Rismiyanto. (2019). Move Analysis of the English Bachelor Thesis Abstracts Written by Indonesians. PROMINENT Journal, 2(2), 192-199.

Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. B. (2009). Abstracts and the Writing of Abstracts. USA: The University of Michigan Press.

Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. B. (2012). Academic Writing for Graduate Students: Essential Tasks and Skills (3rd edition). USA: University of Michigan Press.

Ventola, E. (1994). From Syntax to Text: Problems in Producing Scientific Abstracts in L2. In S. ČMEJRKOVÁ, & F. ŠTÍCHA, The Syntax of Sentence and Text. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Wahyu, L. C. (2016). The Rhetorical Moves and Verb Tense in Research Article Abstracts. Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora, 4(4), 187-192.


  • There are currently no refbacks.