Studi Kepustakaan Penerapan Art Therapy dalam Bimbingan dan Konseling

Ichsana Nur Asyifa, Naharus Surur, Agus Tri Susilo


Abstract: This study aims to examine the application of art therapy which includes goals, scope, techniques, procedures, and the effectiveness of its application in guidance and counseling. The method used in this research is a literature study to collect and integrate various information on the application of art therapy. The data sources used were 27 research articles on art therapy which were analyzed using content analysis techniques. Checks between libraries are carried out to ensure the validity of the data. The results of this study are: (1) The targets of the application of art therapy are school-age students who are classified as children and adolescents of male and female sexes. (2) The scope of application of art therapy is in the form of personal-social, academic, and career problems. (3) Techniques for applying art therapy include drawing, painting, coloring, collage, clay, altered books, or other creative activities related to art-making and combining them with techniques in other counseling approaches. (4) The procedure for applying art therapy consists of 3 main stages: preparation, making art, and closing. (5) The application of art therapy, namely art therapy, is practical for solving personal-social, academic, and career problems. This research is recommended to further researchers to be used as a reference for research in a broader setting.


Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji penerapan art therapy yang meliputi sasaran, ruang lingkup, teknik, prosedur, serta keefektifan penerapannya dalam bimbingan dan konseling. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi kepustakaan untuk mengumpulkan dan menyatukan berbagai informasi penerapan art therapy. Sumber data yang digunakan adalah 27 artikel penelitian tentang art therapy yang dianalisis menggunakan teknik analisis isi. Pengecekan antar pustaka dilakukan untuk memastikan keabsahan data. Hasil penelitian ini yaitu: (1) Sasaran penerapan art therapy adalah siswa usia sekolah yang tergolong anak-anak dan remaja dengan jenis kelamin laki-laki maupun perempuan. (2) Ruang lingkup penerapan art therapy berupa masalah pribadi-sosial, akademik, dan karier. (3) Teknik penerapan art therapy antara lain menggambar, melukis, mewarnai, kolase, clay, altered book atau juga dapat melakukan kegiatan kreatif lainnya yang berhubungan dengan aktivitas pembuatan seni serta menggabungkan dengan teknik dalam pendekatan konseling lainnya. (4) Prosedur penerapan art therapy terdiri dari 3 tahapan utama, yaitu persiapan, pembuatan karya seni dan penutup. (5) Keefektifan penerapan art therapy yaitu art therapy efektif untuk menyelesaikan masalah pribadi-sosial, akademik, dan karier. Penelitian ini direkomendasikan kepada peneliti selanjutnya untuk dijadikan sebagai acuan penelitian dengan setting yang lebih luas.



Literature Study; Art Therapy; Guidance and counseling

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