Model brain based learning (BBL) and whole brain teaching (WBT) in learning

Baiq Sri Handayani, A. D. Corebima


The learning process is a process of change in behavior as a form of the result of learning. The learning model is a crucial component of the success of the learning process. The learning model is growing fastly, and each model has different characteristics. Teachers are required to be able to understand each model to teach the students optimally by matching the materials and the learning model. The best of the learning model is the model that based on the brain system in learning that are the model of Brain Based Learning (BBL) and the model of Whole Brain Teaching (WBT). The purposes of this article are to obtain information related to (1) the brain’s natural learning system, (2) analyze the characteristics of the model BBL and WBT based on theory, brain sections that play a role associated with syntax, similarities, and differences, (3) explain the distinctive characteristics of both models in comparison to other models. The results of this study are: (1) the brain’s natural learning system are: (a) the nerves in each hemisphere do not work independently, (b) doing more activities can connect more brain nerves, (c) the right hemisphere controls the left side motoric sensor of the body, and vice versa; (2) the characteristics of BBL and WBT are: (a) BBL is based on the brain’s structure and function, while the model WBT is based on the instructional approach, neurolinguistic, and body language, (b) the parts of the brain that work in BBL are: cerebellum, cerebral cortex, frontal lobe, limbic system, and prefrontal cortex; whereas the parts that work WBT are: prefrontal cortex, visual cortex, motor cortex, limbic system, and amygdala, (c) the similarities between them are that they both rely on the brain’s system and they both promote gesture in learning, whereas the differences are on the view of the purposes of gestures and the learning theory that they rely on. BBL relies on cognitive theory while WBT relies on social theory; (3) the typical attribute of them compared to other models are that in BBL there are classical music and gestures in the form of easy exercises, while on the WBT model there are fast instructions and movements as instructions or code of every spoken word.

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