Improving the Effectiveness of Individual ABA Therapy of Autistic Children Through Addition Foldable Table Top

Dwi Candra Purnamasari, Sinta M Sari, Lu’lu’ Purwaningrum


Children with autism tend to have difficulty to sit still during therapy. This causes hindranceinthe therapy process. Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) is one of the best proven ways to treat children with autism. ABA method usually uses a special table called ABA table. However, the ABA table still has some problems in its use. When autistic children throw a tantrum, they often push the therapy table. This makes the therapists have to hold the table with their feet and hurts the therapists feet makes therapy ineffective. This study aims to investigate the effect of oval curvature,base mat addition and alternative designs of a foldable table top addition on the ABA table. The results of this evaluation are expected to improve the effectiveness of ABA table as a therapeutic tool. Research method used observations were carried out using three types of tables. Namely Table A, which is commonly used in ABA therapy, with oval curvatureon its edge and without a permanent base mat, and Table B, which is a table without oval curvature on its edge but with a permanent base mat and table C is equipped with a foldable table top and permanent base mat. Observationswere carried out on therapy sessions of 15 children with autism (12 boys, 3 girls) The results of the second stage testing show that table Cis the best recommendation for use in ABA therapy because it can help increase attention, overcome aggressive behavior and help trainself-developmentin children with autism.


Autism; ABA Table; Alternative Autism Therapeutic Table

Full Text:



Prof.Dr.F.G. Winarno 2013 Autisme dan Peran Pangan (Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama)

Meranti T Psikologi Anak Autis (Yogyakarta: Familia)

Handojo 2004 Autisme : Petunjuk Praktis & Pedoman Materi untuk Mengajar Anak Normal, Autis dan Perilaku Lain (Jakarta : Bhuana Ilmu Populer)

Yuwono, Joko 2012 Memahami Anak Autis (Kajian Teori Empirik”. (Bandung : Alfabeta CV)

Biran, M I & Nurhastuti 2018 Pendidikan anak autis (Kuningan : Goresan Pena)

Sari, Sriti Mayang 2006 Konsep Desain Partisipasi dalam desain Interior Ruang Terapi Perilaku Anak Autis. Jurnal Dimensi Interior. (Jurnal Vol.9, No. 2, SurabayA: Jurusan Desain Interior, Fakultas Seni dan Desain, Universitas Kristen Petra)

Purnamasari, Dwi & Lulu Purwaningrum 2018 The Effect Of The Addition Of Pedestal And The Removal Of Oval Hole On The Table For Therapy Autistic Children. ( Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Creative Media, Design and Technology)

Sari, Sriti Mayang 2010 Implementasi Desain Parsitipasi dalam Desain Interior Ruang Terapi Perilaku Anak Autis dengan menggunakan Metode ABA/Lovass. Jurnal Dimensi Interior. (Jurnal Vol.9, No.1, Surabaya, Jurusan Desain Interior, Fakultas Seni dan Desain, Universitas Kristen Petra)

Oksida, Antin Rya 2009 Pengaruh Terapi Metode Lovaas Terhadap Keterampilan Motorik Kasar Pada Anak Autis Spectrum Disorders Di Rsjd. Dr. Rm. Soejarwadi Klaten (Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta)


  • There are currently no refbacks.