Analisis Perbandingan Metode Hierarchical dan Non-Hierarchical dalam Pembentukan Cluster Provinsi di Indonesia Berdasarkan Indikator Women Empowerment

Pikata Aselnino, Arie Wahyu Wijayanto


The focus on improving the quality of women’s live to lessen discrimination and gender inequality is set in the fifth’s goals of SDGs. In Indonesia, the RPJMN 2020-2024 contains measure to improve the contribution of women to equitable development. The Central Bureau of Statistics has developed several indicators related to gender, including Gender Development Index (GDI) an Gender Empowerment Index (GEI), which contain women’s improvement on education and health as well as their participation in economic and political fields. The Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection did a quadrant analysis to split Indonesia’s 34 provinces into four categories based solely on GDI and GEI using the national average as a constraint. This study compares the Hierarchical, K-Means, and Fuzzy C-Means method to form number of clusters in Indonesia based on the gender development and empowerment in 2021 in order to complement the quadrant analysis. To choose the number of optimum cluster, Elbow method and Calinski-Harabasz Index were used and the best k value is five. From the validation with Silhoutte Index, K-Means was chosen as the best clustering model.

Keywords: clustering; fuzzy; k-means; hierarchical; women empowerment

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