Peramalan Data Inflow dan Outflow Uang Kartal Bank Indonesia Provinsi DKI Jakarta Menggunakan Model ARIMAX dan SARIMAX

Atika Amalia, Etik Zukhronah, Sri Subanti


Abstract. DKI Jakarta Province plays a crucial role as the center of government and economy in Indonesia. The description of currency inflows and outflows is highly required before Bank Indonesia formulates the appropriate policies to control the circulation of money. The monthly data of currency inflow and outflow of Bank Indonesia of DKI Jakarta show a significant increase in each year particularly before, during, and after Eid al-Fitr. The determination of Eid al-Fitr does not follow the Gregorian calendar but based on the Islamic calendar. The difference in the use of the Gregorian and Islamic calendars in a time series causes a calendar variation. Thus, the determination of Eid al-Fitr in the Gregorian calendar changes as it goes forward eleven days each year or one month every three years. This study aims to obtain the best model and forecast currency inflows and outflows of Bank Indonesia DKI Jakarta using the ARIMAX and SARIMAX models. The study used in-sample data from January 2009 to December 2018 and out-sample data from January to October 2019. The best model was selected based on the smallest out-sample MAPE value. The result showed that the best forecasting model of inflow was ARIMAX (1,0,1). Meanwhile, the best forecasting model for outflow was SARIMAX (2,0,1)(0,0,1)12.

Keywords: ARIMAX, calendar variation, forecasting, SARIMAX

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