Process and Challenges in Material Development: A Case Study at Vocational High School in Surakarta

Hanifa Nur Rahmawati, Dewi Rochsantiningsih, Ellisa Indriyani Putri Handayani


This article describes the process of developing teaching materials and the challenge encountered by the teacher in developing the materials. The participant of the study is an eleven grade English teacher in vocational high school in Surakarta. The researcher collected the data from interview and documents analysis. The result of this research showed that the process of developing teaching materials consisted of: (1) identification of needs; (2) exploration of needs; (3) contextual realization of materials; (4) pedagogical realization; (5) physical production of materials; (6) the use of the materials; (7) evaluation of materials. The result of this study also revealed the challenges encountered by the teacher in developing the teaching materials. The challenges are: (1) defining the appropriate learning activities in pandemic situation; and (2) the up and down of the teacher willingness to develop the materials. This research may help other teachers in developing teaching materials in vocational high school. The other teacher might identify the lack and the good of the developed teaching materials in this research and take it as consideration in developing teaching materials.


English teaching materials; material development; vocational high school

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