Rifngatul Fikriyah, Suparno Suparno, A. Handoko Pudjobroto


This is a descriptive qualitative research under pragmatic study. The goals of research are 1) to identify the kinds of directive utterances in the script,2) to find out the implementation of politeness principles in expressing directives,3) to find out the context of the implementation of politeness principles of directive utterances. There are some steps in conducting this research: data collection, data reduction, data analysis, and drawing conclusion. This research uses document analysis and purposive sampling in collecting the data. The source of data is dialogue script of “Up” film. There are 30 data of directive utterances. This research uses Leech’s theory to analyze the politeness principles. Before analyzing the politeness principles, the researcher explains the context to get better understanding. The results of the research are 1) every directive utterance in script has its own context, 2) the form of politeness principles on directive utterances of “Up” film are many and varied, 3) context takes important role in the implementation of politeness principles of directive utterances in the script. The conclusion of this research has shown the implementation of various politeness principles: tact, generosity, approbation, modesty, agreement, and sympathy in the script of “Up” film.


pragmatics; context; directive utterances; politeness principles.


Andersen, Peter A and Guerrero, Laura K. (1998). Handbook of communication and emotion: Research, theory, applications, and contents. USA: Academic Press.

Bousfield, Derek. (2008). Impoliteness in interaction.

Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Cruse, Alan D. (2000). Meaning in language. An introduction to semantics and pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Johnson, Burke and Christensen, Larry. 2000. Educational research: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. Boston: A Person Education Company.

Kreidler, Charles. W. (1998). Introducing english semantic. London: Routledge

Leech, Geoffrey N. (1983). Principles of pragmatics. New York: Longman Group Limited.

Miles, M. B. and Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis (2nd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Richard, Jack C. & Schmidt, Richard W. (1983). Language and communication. New York: Longman

Sukarno. (2010). The reflection of the javanese cultural concepts in the politeness of javanese. Journal of Politeness. 2. 59-71. Retrieved from

Surakhmad, Winarno. (2004). Pengantar penelitian ilmiah dasar metode teknik. Bandung: Tarsito.

Suparno. (2013, November 28). Politeness principles. Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University.

The World Book of Encyclopedia. Volume

2007. Chicago: World Book Inc.

Tubbs, Stewart & Moss, Sylvia. (2008). Human communication: Principles and contexts. New York: McGrew Hill.

Whitman, Richard F and Boase, Paul H. (1983). Principle and context: Speech communication. USA: Macmillan Publishing Inc.


  • There are currently no refbacks.