Cohesion in 20th Century American Short Stories Compiled By Jean A. McConochie, and Its Contribution to Teach Reading in Senior High School

Hening Laksani, Martono, Martono,, Endang Setyaningsih


Five types of cohesive devices are identified by Halliday and Hasan (1976), namely, reference, substitution, ellipsis, conjunction and lexical cohesion. Each of the five types is about the formal links within sentences. This qualitative research method describes the kind of cohesive devices employed in 20th Century American Short Stories and discusses its implication for developing teaching material for reading skill in Senior High School. The result of the study shows that cohesive devices mostly appeared in the short stories are lexical cohesion followed by references, conjunction, ellipsis and then substitution. The contribution of this research to English education is the cohesive devices can be used as a lesson material for teaching reading both as the example of language use in order to familiarize  about the use of pronouns, conjunctions and dictions, also it can be used to show the way to substitute or omit a word meaningfully and as the task students need to accomplish.



cohesive devices; reference; substitution; ellipsis; conjunction; lexical cohesion; reading; short stories

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