An Error Analysis in Writing Discussion Text

Nesi Rahayu Utami, Sujoko Sujoko, Dewi Rochsantiningsih


This study is intended to find out 1) the types of errors made by the students, 2) the percentage of errors made by students, 3) the cause of errors, 4) strategies to overcome the difficulties. The study focuses on the description of error analysis based on surface category. The findings show that 1) the percentage of each kind of errors based on surface category: omission 36.48%, addition 11.44%, misformation 20.06%, and misordering 32.01%; 2) types of error made by the students are omission, addition, misformation, and misordering; 3) there are three cause of errors: interlingual transfer, intralingual transfer (overgeneralization, ignorance of rule restriction, incomplete application of rule, and semantic errors); 4) there are twelve difficulties and fifteen strategies to overcome the students‟ difficulties in writing discussion text.


error analysis; discussion text

Full Text:



Brown, H. Douglas. (1994). Teaching By Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Brown, H. Douglas. (2000). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Regents.

Brown, H. Douglas. (2004). Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices. New York: Longman.

Darus, Saadiyah. (2009). Error Analysis of the Written English Essays of Secondary School Students in Malaysia: A case Study. European Journal of Social Sciences – Volume 8, Number 3 Retrieved from: ation/235772401



_students_in_Malaysia_A_case_st udy/file/9c9605153fc39a7418.pdf

Dulay, H., Burt, M., and Krashen,S. (1982). Language Two. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ellis, Rod. (1994). The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Endorgan, Vacide. (2005). Contribution of Error Analysis to Foreign Language Teaching. Mersin University journal of the faculty of education. 1(2), 261-270.

Retrieved from:



. .

Fraenkel and Wallen, Jack R. (2004). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. New York: Longman Inc.

Husain, Zahoor. (2013). An Error Analysis of L2 Writing at Higher Secondary Level in Multan, Pakistan. Retrieved from: http://journal- 844.pdf

Littlewood, William. (1998). Foreign and Second Language Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, Jack C. (1997). Error Analysis: Perspectives on Second Language Acquisition. New York: Longman.

Richards, Jack C. & Renandya, Willy A. (2002). Methodology in Language Teaching an Anthology of Current Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Zawahreh, Dr.Firas Ali Suleiman.(2012). Applied Error Analysis of Written Production of English Essays of Tenth Grade Students I Ajloun Schools,Jordan. Retrieved from:

/index.php/ijld/article/download/16 80/1391.


  • There are currently no refbacks.