Adding manure and zeolite to improve soil chemical properties and increase soybean yield

Slamet Minardi, Isna Luthfa Haniati, Alif Husna Lantip Nastiti


Increasing domestic soybean production is an important part of the effort to reduce reliance on imports. One potential area for improvement is developing soybean crops in Alfisols. Alfisols require intensive effort due to their poor soil chemical properties. Manure and zeolite were proposed as candidate materials that could be used to improve soil chemical properties to support plant growth and increase the productivity of cultivated land. The experiment was designed to study the addition of manure and zeolite on soil chemical properties of Alfisols and soybean yield. The experimental design was arranged in a factorial completely randomized block design with two factors—three rates of zeolite (Z0 = 0 t ha-1, Z1 = 2.5 t ha-1 and Z2 = 5 t ha-1) and three manure variables (P0 = no manure, P1 = 5 t ha-1 cow manure, and P2 = 5 t ha-1  quail manure)—with three replications. The results showed that a combination of 5 t ha-1 zeolite and cow manure increased soybean yield. However, zeolite 5 t ha-1 resulted in the greatest improvement in soil chemical properties—the highest CEC, soil organic matter percentage, and pH.


Cow manure; Seed weight; Soybeans; Organic fertilizers; Zeolite

Full Text:



Abadi, F. R., Tastra, I. K., & Koentjoro, B. S. (2018). Preliminary study of wofost crop simulation in its prospect for soybean (Glycine max l.) optimum harvest time and yield gap analysis in east java. Agrivita, 40(3), 544–555.

Ajiboye, G. A., Oyetunji, C. A., Mesele, S. A., & Talbot, J. (2019). The Role of Soil Mineralogical Characteristics in Sustainable Soil Fertility Management: A Case Study of Some Tropical Alfisols in Nigeria. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 50(3), 333–349.

Aminah, Ala, A., Musa, Y., Padjung, R., & Kaimuddin. (2017). Strategy of soybean management (Glycine max L.) to cope with extreme climate using cropsyst© model. Agrivita Journal of Agricultural Science, 39(3), 324–328.

Cairo, P. C., de Armas, J. M., Artiles, P. T., Martin, B. D., Carrazana, R. J., & Lopez, O. R. (2017). Effects of zeolite and organic fertilizers on soil quality and yield of sugarcane. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 11(6), 733–738.

Chaiyaraksa, C., & Tumtong, M. (2019). Acid soil amendment by zeolite, sepiolite and diatomite. ScienceAsia, 45(3), 253–259.

Das, S., Jeong, S. T., Das, S., & Kim, P. J. (2017). Composted Cattle Manure Increases Microbial Activity and Soil Fertility More Than Composted Swine Manure in a Submerged Rice Paddy. Frontier in Microbiology, 8, 1702.

Eprikashvili, L., Zautashvili, M., Kordzakhia, T., Pirtskhalava, N., Dzagania, M., Rubashvili, I., & Tsitsishvili, V. (2016). Intensification of bioproductivity of agricultural cultures by adding natural zeolites and brown coals into soils. Annals of Agrarian Science, 14(2), 67–71.

Fatahi, E., Mobasser, H. R., & Akbarian, M. M. (2014). Effect of organic fertilizer on wet weight, dry weight and number of leaves in cowpea. Journal; of Novel Applied Science, 3(4), 440–443. Retrieved from

Gholamhoseini, M., Ghalavand, A., Khodaei-Joghan, A., Dolatabadian, A., Zakikhani, H., & Farmanbar, E. (2013). Zeolite-amended cattle manure effects on sunflower yield, seed quality, water use efficiency and nutrient leaching. Soil and Tillage Research, 126, 193–202.

Gupta, K. K., Aneja, K. R., & Rana, D. (2016). Current status of cow dung as a bioresource for sustainable development. Bioresources and Bioprocessing, 3, 28.

Herliana, O., Harjoso, T., Anwar, A. H. S., & Fauzi, A. (2019). The Effect of Rhizobium and N Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Black Soybean (Glycine max (L) Merril). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science , 255, 012015.

Jakkula, V. S., & Wani, S. P. (2018). Zeolites: Potential soil amendments for improving nutrient and water use efficiency and agriculture productivity. Scientific Reviews & Chemical Communications, 8(1), 119. Retrieved from

Jia, W., Qin, W., Zhang, Q., Wang, X., Ma, Y., & Chen, Q. (2018). Evaluation of crop residues and manure production and their geographical distribution in China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 188, 954–965.

Kharisun, Rif’an, M., Budiono, M. N., & Kurniawan, R. E. (2017). Development and Testing of Zeolit-Based Slow Release Fertilizer NZEO-SR in Water and Soil Media. Sains Tanah Journal of Soil Science and Agroclimatology, 14(2), 83.

Lefcourt, A. M., & Meisinger, J. J. (2001). Effect of adding alum or zeolite to dairy slurry on ammonia volatilization and chemical composition. Journal of Dairy Science, 84(8), 1814–1821.

Li, H., Shi, W. yu, Shao, H. bo, & Shao, M. an. (2009). The remediation of the lead-polluted garden soil by natural zeolite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 169(1–3), 1106–1111.

Lin, C. F., Lo, S. S., Lin, H. Y., & Lee, Y. (1998). Stabilization of cadmium contaminated soils using synthesized zeolite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 60(3), 217–226.

Myint, A. K., Yamakawa, T., & Zenmyo, T. (2009). Plant growth, seed yield and apparent nutrient recovery of rice by the application of manure and fertilizer as different nitrogen sources in paddy soils. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 54(2), 329–337.

Nainggolan, G. D., Suwardi, & Darmawan. (2009). The Pattern of Nitrogen Release From Slow Release Fertilizer Urea-zeolitehumic Acid - Neliti. Jurnal Zeolit Indonesia, 8(2), 89–96. Retrieved from

Ozbahce, A., Tari, A. F., Gönülal, E., Simsekli, N., & Padem, H. (2015, May 4). The effect of zeolite applications on yield components and nutrient uptake of common bean under water stress. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, Vol. 61, pp. 615–626.

Ramesh, V., & George, J. (2019). Carbon and nutrient sequestration potential of coal-based fly ash zeolites. In S. K. Ghosh & V. Kumar (Eds.), Circular Economy and Fly Ash Management (pp. 47–55).

Roessali, W., Ekowati, T., Prasetyo, E., & Mukson. (2017). Supply Response of The Soybean in Indonesia. In N. Tuerah, J. E. Tulung, H. H. D. Tasik, A. Halimatussadiah, D. Hartono, & B. P. Resosudarmo (Eds.), Maritime Infrastructure and Regional Development. Manado: Brawijaya University Press (UB-Press).

Santiago, O., Walsh, K., Kele, B., Gardner, E., & Chapman, J. (2016). Novel pre-treatment of zeolite materials for the removal of sodium ions: potential materials for coal seam gas co-produced wastewater. SpringerPlus, 5, 571.

Shahid, S. A., & Al-Shankiti, A. (2013). Sustainable food production in marginal lands—Case of GDLA member countries. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 1(1), 24–38.

Srinivasarao, C., Kundu, S., Ramachandrappa, B. K., Reddy, S., Lal, R., Venkateswarlu, B., … Naik, R. P. (2014). Potassium release characteristics, potassium balance, and fingermillet (Eleusine coracana G.) yield sustainability in a 27- year long experiment on an Alfisol in the semi-arid tropical India. Plant and Soil, 374(1–2), 315–330.

Supramudho, G. N., Syamsiyah, J., Mujiyo, & Sumani. (2012). Efficiency of N uptake and rice yield on various composition of quail manure and inorganic fertilizer in paddy field of Palur, Sukoharjo, Central Java. Bonorowo Wetlands, 2(1), 11–18.

Tabitha, K., Wilson, T., & Joseph, P. G.-O. (2018). Influence of Organic and Inorganic Manures on Macro-Nutrients, Micro-Nutrients and Anti-Nutrients in two Amaranth spp in Kiambu Couny, Kenya. Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science, 1(1), 1–17.

Truc, M. T., & Yoshida, M. (2011). Effect of Zeolite on the Decomposition Resistance of Organic Matter in Tropical Soils under Global Warming. International Journal of Environmental, Chemical, Ecological, Geological and Geophysical Engineering, 5(11), 664–668.

Wang, S., & Peng, Y. (2010, January 1). Natural zeolites as effective adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment. Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 156, pp. 11–24.

Widiatmaka, Ambarwulan, W., Setiawan, Y., & Walter, C. (2016). Assessing the suitability and availability of land for agriculture in Tuban Regency, East Java, Indonesia. Applied and Environmental Soil Science, 2016, 7302148.

Wijanarko, A., & Taufiq, A. (2016). Effect of lime application on soil properties and soybean yield on tidal land. Agrivita, 38(1), 14–23.

Wiyantoko, B., & Rahmah, N. (2017). Measurement of cation exchange capacity (CEC) on natural zeolite by percolation method. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1911, 020021.

Xie, H., Li, J., Zhu, P., Peng, C., Wang, J., He, H., & Zhang, X. (2014). Long-term manure amendments enhance neutral sugar accumulation in bulk soil and particulate organic matter in a mollisol. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 78, 45–53.

Yunilasari, M., Sufardi, & Zaitun. (2020). Effects of biochar and cow manure on soil chemical properties and peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) yields in entisol. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 425(1).

Zaidun, S. W., Jalloh, M. B., Awang, A., Sam, L. M., Besar, N. A., Musta, B., … Omar, L. (2019). Biochar and clinoptilolite zeolite on selected chemical properties of soil cultivated with maize (Zea mays L.). Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 8(1), 1–10.

Zaman, M. M., Chowdhury, T., Nahar, K., & Chowdhury, M. A. H. (2017). Effect of cow dung as organic manure on the growth, leaf biomass yield of Stevia rebaudiana and post harvest soil fertility. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University, 15(2), 206–211.


  • There are currently no refbacks.