MENINGKATKAN PENDAPATAN PETANI MELALUI DIFERSIVIKASI TANAMAN HORTIKULTURA DI LAHAN SAWAH IRIGASI

Tjetjep Nurasa

Abstract


Farmers  in  the  paddy  field  farming  faces  some  fundamental  problems caused  by  the  narrower  tenure  due  to  increased  population  and  land  inheritance, creation of breakthrough technologies to increase the productivity of rice farming and farmers' income increasingly difficult for farmers to diversify motives are often more oriented to the  income  stabilization.  West  Java  is better known as the rice granary, is also a center of vegetables in Indonesia. Vegetable farming has been fused with the local community, especially for upland farmers. The last few years this development not  only  in  vegetable  crops  in  the  highlands  but  try also  try  in the  lowlands  in  the paddy field. Along with the above conditions, the policy support necessary to achieve the expected results. One obstacle in the application of vegetable farming is the lack of use of the means of production as a result of lack of financial ownership of farm households. The purpose of research is (a) reveals variability of farm crops especially
vegetables Onion, Long Beans, cauliflower and cucumbers. (b). And to evaluate the extent  to  which  government  policy  support  for  horticultural  commodities  especially vegetables in West Java. The research was  conducted in two districts of Indramayu (Chilli Red, Red Onion and Cauliflower), Falkirk (cucumber and bean length) of West
Java  Province. , Amounted to a total of 50 respondents drawn farmers. The results showed that farm incomes various vegetables (horticulture) is higher than the income of rice farming, especially in the red pepper (673%), onions (415%), while the rate of return  based  on  a  variety  of  vegetable  farming  is  higher  than  the  benefits  of  rice farming, especially red pepper (776%), onions (279%) cauliflower (200%) and beans (144%).

Keywords


variability farm crops; horticulture; farm income

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v10i1.14110

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