Self-Management untuk Mengatasi Perilaku Prokrastinasi Akademik pada Peserta Didik: Studi Kepustakaan

Lulu Azzahra, Agus Tri Susilo, Citra Tectona Suryawati


The purpose of the research is to identify the targets, procedures and successful implementation of self-management techniques to overcome the academic procrastination behaviour of students. The research method used is a literature study. The primary research data is 21 national and international articles. The article selection criteria are: meet both variables, carried out within the last ten years. Data collection techniques use documentation as well, as data analysis techniques using content analysis. The results of the study: (1) The targets were students who pursued formal education at the high school level who were identified as having behavioural problems with academic procrastination; (2) The implementation procedures in this study generally include self-monitoring, positive reinforcement, self-contracting, self-control, and follow-up;  and (3) the successful implementation of self-management to overcome academic procrastination behaviour in the form of a significant decrease in the level of academic procrastination. Based on 21 articles that researchers have analyzed, it shows that the achievement of the effectiveness of self-management in academic procrastination reaches 100%. Researchers are further advised to test the efficacy of self-management techniques to overcome academic procrastination behaviours for learners. Another piece of advice is to conduct research and development to produce self-management implementation guide products to overcome academic procrastination.


academic rocrastination; literature study; self-management

Full Text:



Alexandrova, G. G. (2015). Academic Procrastination of Students from The Standpoint of The Subject Activity Approach.

Alford, B. A., & Beck, A. T. (2003). The Integrative Power of Cognitive Therapy. New York: Guilford Press.

Brownlow, S., & Reeasinger, R. D. (2000). Putting off Until Tomorrow What is Better Done Today: Academic Procrastination as A Function of Motivation Toward College Work. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality.

Brown, R. T. (2015). Helping Students Confront and Deal with Stress and Procrastination.

Burka, J. B., & Yuen, L. M. (2008). Procrastination: Why you Do It, What To Do About It. New York: Perseus Books.

Cormier, W. H. (2005). Interviewing Strategies For Helpers: Fundamental Skill Cognitive Be-havioral Interventions. Monterey, California: Brooks.

Dupaul, G. J., Junod, R. E. V., & Flammer, L. M. (2006). Cognitive Behavioral Interventions in Educational Settings. London: Routledge.

Efendi, A. Z., & Wangid, M. N. (2020). Procrastination: Can it Be Passed Down Through a Self Monitoring Strategy and Own Gifts?.

Ellis, A., & Knaus, W. J. (2002). Overcoming Procrastination. New York: Institute for Rational Living.

Ferrari, J. R., Johnson, J. L., & McCown, W. G. (2005). Procrastination and Task Avoidance: Theory, Research, and Treatment. New York: Plenum.

Gerhardt, M. (2014). Teaching Self-management: The Design and Implementation of Self Ma-nagement Tutorials.

Gunarsa, D. S. (2004). Konseling dan Psikoterapi. Jakarta: Gunung Mulia.

Hermawan, Z. (2021). Efektivitas Layanan Konseling Individual Teknik Behavior Self Manage-ment untuk Mengatasi Prokrastinasi Akademik Siswa.

Kasman, A., Syukur, Y., & Marlina. (2018). Implementation of Group Guidance Service to Im-prove Student Understanding About Academic Procrastination.

Khairani, S., Sari, N. P., & Arsyad, M. (2021). Efforts to Reduce Student Academic Procras-tination Behavior Through Group Counseling With Self-management Techniques in Class X IPS SMA Negeri 11 Banjarmasin.

Kim, S., Fernandez, S., & Terrier, L. (2017). Procrastination, Personality Traits, and Academic Performance: When Active and Passive Procrastination Tell a Different Story. Personality and Individual Differences.

Kitchenham, B. (2004). Procedures for Performing Systemic Reviews. Eversleigh: Keele Uni-versity Technical Report.

Kunwijaya, I., Wibowo, M. E., & Awalya. (2018). Mereduksi Prokrastinasi Akademik Siswa SMP Melalui Layanan Penguasaan Konten dengan Teknik Self-management.

Lent, R. W., & Brown, S. D. (2013). Social Cognitive Model as Career Self-management: Toward A Unifying View of Adaptive Career Behavior Across The Life Span

Mallot, R. W. (2004). Rule Governed Behavior, Self-management, and The Developmentally Disabled: A Theoretical Analysis. Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities.

Meilindani, G. S. (2018). Keefektifan Teknik Self-management untuk Mengurangi Prokrastinasi Akademik Siswa Kelas XI Nautika A SMK Pelayaran Hang Tuah Kediri, Tahun Pelajaran 2017/2018. Simki-Pedagogia.

Nurhidayatullah & Erwan. (2019). Penerapan Teknik Self-management untuk Mengurangi Peri-laku Prokrastinasi Akademik Siswa di SMA Negeri 12 Makassar.

Padha, M. I. B., Sutijono, & Farid, D. A. M. (2021). Pengaruh Penggunaan Teknik Self Ma-nagement dalam Konseling Kelompok Melalui Google Meet Terhadap Prokrastinasi Aka-demik Siswa dalam Pembelajaran Daring saat Pandemi Covid-19 di SMA Dr. Soetomo Surabaya.

Prasetya, A. I., & Maturidi. (2021). Teknik Self-management dalam Konseling Kelompok untuk Mereduksi Prokrastinasi Pelajar di Desa Sorosutan.

Prasetya, A. I., & Nurjannah. (2021). Penerapan Konseling Menggunakan Teknik Self Mana-gement untuk Mereduksi Prokrastinasi Akademik.

Prayitno. (2004). Pedoman Khusus Bimbingan dan Konseling. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pen-didikan Dasar dan Menengah, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Purnamasari, L. R. (2013). Teknik-teknik Konseling. Semarang: Unnes Press.

Putri, M. E., Wibowo, M. E., & Sugiyo. (2021). The Effectiveness of Group Counseling with Cog-nitive Restructuring and Self-management Techniques to Reduce Academic Procrasti-nation.

Renn, R. W., Allen, D. G., & Huning, T. M. (2011). Empirical Examination of The Individual Level Personality Based Theory of Self-management Failure.

Romano, J., Wallace, T. L., Helmick, I. J., Carey, L. M., & Adkins, L. (2015). Study Procras-tination, Achievement, and Academic Motivation in Web Based and Blended Distance Learning.

Rustam, A., Mansyur, A. I., Hanim, W., & Marjo, H. K. (2019). Layanan Bimbingan Kelompok Menggunakan Teknik Konseling Self-management untuk Mereduksi Perilaku Prokrastinasi Akademik.

Saka, A. D., & Wirastania, A. (2021). Efektivitas Layanan Konseling Kelompok Teknik Self Ma-nagement untuk Mereduksi Perilaku Prokrastinasi Akademik Siswa Kelas X SMAN 15 Su-rabaya.

Siswanto. (2010). Systemic Review sebagai Metode Penelitian untuk Mensintesis Hasil-Hasil Penelitian (Sebuah Pengantar). Surabaya: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sistem dan Kebijakan Kesehatan.

Steel, P., Brothen, T., & Wambach, C. (2001). Procrastination and Personality, Performance, and Mood. Personality and Individual Differences.

Swara, H. Y., Supardi, & Yulianti, P. D. (2020). Layanan Bimbingan Kelompok dengan Teknik Self-management Terhadap Prokrastinasi Akademik.

Thahir, A., & Bulantika, S. Z. (2018). Group Counseling with Self-management Techniques and Cognitive Restructuring Techniques to Reduce Academic Procrastination.

Vargas, J. S. (2009). Behavior Analysis for Effective Teaching. London: Routledge.

Winkel, W. S., & Hastuti, S. (2006). Bimbingan dan Konseling di Institusi Pendidikan. Yog-yakarta: Media Abadi.

Yospina, H. P. (2019) Efektivitas Konseling Kelompok dengan Teknik Self-management untuk Mengurangi Perilaku Prokrastinasi Akademik Siswa di SMA Negeri 3 Tarakan.

Zed, M. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kepustakaan. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.


  • There are currently no refbacks.