Pola Produksi Telur Puyuh yang Diberi Ransum Disuplementasi Betain dan Metionin

Adi Ratriyanto


This study investigated the egg production pattern at the onset of lay until peak production in Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) fed diet supplemented with betaine and methionine. Three hundred laying quails were randomly allocated to three groups of supplementations with 5 replicates of 20 quails. The three groups of treatments included basal diet (Control) or basal diet supplemented with 1.2 g betaine and 1.2 g methionine per kg diet. During onset of lay until 50% egg production (6 to 9 weeks of age), all groups were fed a basal diet, while the supplements were applied after 9 weeks. The egg production data were analyzed with analysis of variance and followed by Duncan’s test for significant results. During week 6 to 9, all groups of quails generated similar egg production since they received the basal diet. On the later phase, supplementation of betaine and methionine enhanced average weekly egg production (P<0.05) starting from week 10 compared with those without supplementation. The egg production curves indicated that production rapidly reached 60% soon after the onset of lay. Then, egg production rose sharply and reached the peaks of more than 80%, indicating good egg production patterns. Supplementation of betaine and methionine enhanced the average overall and peak production (P<0.01) without affecting the age at peak production. In addition, there were positive correlations between average of overall production and peak production of all treatments. It can be concluded that supplementation of betaine and methionine enhanced egg production in quails.


Onset of lay; Peak production; Production curve; Quails

Full Text:



Alam, M.S., Howlider, M.A.R., Mondal, A., Hossain, K., & Bostami, A.B.M.R. 2008. Pattern of egg production in Japanese quail reared on littered floor and in cage. Bangladesh Research Publications Journal. 1(3), 239–249.

Apicella, J.M., Lee, E.C., Bailey, B.L., Saenz, C., Anderson, J.M., Craig, S.A.S., … Maresh, C.M. 2013. Betaine supplementation enhances anabolic endocrine and Akt signaling in response to acute bouts of exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 113(3), 793–802. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-012-2492-8

Attia, Y.A., Abd-El-Hamid, A.E.E., Abedalla, A.A., Berika, M.A., Al-Harthi, M.A., Kucuk, O., … Abou-Shehema, B.M. 2016. Laying performance, digestibility and plasma hormones in laying hens exposed to chronic heat stress as affected by betaine, vitamin C, and/or vitamin E supplementation. SpringerPlus. 5(1), 1619. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-3304-0

Damme, K. 2011. Wachteln Zucht und Haltung. Stuttgart: Eugen Ulmer.

Ezzat, W., Shoeib, M.S., Mousa, S.M.M., Bealish, A.M.A., & Ibrahiem, Z.A. 2011. Impact of betaine, vitamin c and folic acid supplementations to the diet on productive and reproductive performance of Matrouh poultry. Egyptian Poultry Science. 31(2), 521–537.

Hruby, M., Ombabi, A., & Schlagheck, A. 2005. Natural betaine maintains layer performance in methionine/choline chloride reduced diets. In Proc. 15th Eur. Symp. on Poultry Nutrition (pp. 507–509). Balatonfured, Hungary.

Kang, W.J., Yun, J.S., Seo, D.S., Hong, K.C., & Ko, Y. 2001. Relationship among egg productivity, steroid hormones (progesteron and estradiol) and ovary in Korean native chicken. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 14(7), 922–928.

Kaye, J., Luka, S.J., Akpa, G.N., & Adeyinka, I.A. 2017. Egg production pattern of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in Northern Guinea savannah zone of Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies. 4(1), 93–97.

Memon, A., Ansari, N.N., Memon, G., Solangi, A.A., & Qureshi, T.A. 2003. Effect of methionine, lysine and cystine supplementation on the production performance of laying Japanese quails. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 2(1), 27–29.

Metzler-Zebeli, B.U., Eklund, M., & Mosenthin, R. 2009. Impact of osmoregulatory and methyl donor functions of betaine on intestinal health and performance in poultry. World’s Poultry Science Journal. 65(3), 419–442. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933909000300

Narinc, D., Karaman, E., Aksoy, T., & Firat, M.Z. 2013. Investigation of nonlinear models to describe long-term egg production in Japanese quail. Poultry Science. 92, 1676–1682. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2012-02511

Nutrition Research Council. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry (9th ed.). Washington DC: National Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/2114

Pavlidis, H. O., Price, S. E., & Siegel, P. B. 2002. Associations between egg production and clutch length in four selected lines of chickens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 11(3), 304–307. https://doi.org/10.1093/japr/11.3.304

Piliang, G.W., & Djojosoebagio, S. 2006. Fisiologi Nutrisi (1st ed.). Bogor: Percetakan Institut Pertanian Bogor.

R Core Team. 2015. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. https://www.gbif.org/tool/81287/r-a-language-and-environment-for-statistical-computing

Ratriyanto, A., Indreswari, R., & Nuhriawangsa, A.M.P. 2017. Effects of dietary protein level and betaine supplementation on nutrient digestibility and performance of Japanese quails. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia Avicola. 19(3), 445–454. https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2016-0442

Ratriyanto, A., Indreswari, R., Nuhriawangsa, A. M.P., & Arifin, A.A. 2017. Dietary metabolizable energy and methionine affect performance of quails. In A. Isnansetyo & T. R. Nuringtyas (Eds.), Proceeding of the 1st International Conference on Tropical Agriculture (pp. 329–335). Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60363-6

Ratriyanto, A., Mosenthin, R., Bauer, E., & Eklund, M. 2009. Metabolic, osmoregulatory and nutritional functions of betaine in monogastric animals. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 22(10), 1461–1476. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2009.80659

Sadeghi, R., Pakdel, A., Shahrbabak, M.M., & Shahrbabak, H.M. 2013. Divergent selection effect on reproductive trait in Japanese quails. Research Journal of Poultry Science. 6(1), 18–22.

Steel, R. G. D., & Torrie, J. H. 1995. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistik (2nd ed.). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.


  • There are currently no refbacks.