Rahayu Rahayu, Dwi Priyo Ariyanto, Komariah Komariah, Sri Hartati, Jauhari Syamsiyah, Widyatmani Sih Dewi


The eruption of Merapi mountain has primary and secondary hazard and may damage to the land. In detail, the hazards are land degradation is a loss of some or many of germplasm and changes in plant biodiversity. The others hazard including loss of water catchment areas, the destruction of forests, and even the closing of the water source, as well as the loss of water channels. The burried of soil and soil formation inhibition were caused by the repeated eruptions of Merapi, beside the loss of roads access to agricultural land and loss of land ownerships boundaries by the eruption and cool lava. Materials of eruption are sand and pyroclastic materials, as well as the nature of cementation require special techniques and technology to use the land as new farmland. Land restoration efforts can be done with the land management by reforestation on government-owned land for water catchment function, agroforestry forage grass based, grazing field on land owned by the village and residents, with the use of organic materials in the eruption sandy soil ameliorant.


eruption; land merapi

Full Text:



Badan Litbang Pertanian. 2010. Laporan Hasil Kajian Singkat (Quick Assessment) Dampak Erupsi Gunung Merapi di Sektor Pertanian. Desember 2010.

Berthommier, P., 1990. Etude volcanologique du Merapi (Centre-Java). Téphrostratigraphie et Chronologie. Mécanismes éruptifs. Thèse Doct. III ème cycle, Univ. Blaise Pascal, Clermont–Ferrand, 115 pp.

Camus, G., Gourgaud, A., MossandBerthommier, P.-C. and Vincent, P.M., 2000. Merapi (Central Java, Indonesia): an outline of the structural and magmatological evolution, with a special emphasis to the major pyroclastic events. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 100, pp. 139–163.

del Moral R 1 and Sergei Yu. Grishin . 1998. Volcanic Disturbances and Ecosystem Recovery. University of Washington, Department of Botany, Box 355325, Seattle, WA 98195-5325; Institute of Biology and Pedology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok 690022 Russia

Dephut 2004. Laporan Akhir Sosialisasi dan Komunikasi Calon TN Merapi dan SK Menhut 134/MenhutII/2004 tanggal 4 Mei 2004. http://www.dephut.go.id/INFORMASI/TN%20INDOENGLISH/TN_GnMerapi.htm.

Kadomura, H., Imkagawa, T. and Yamamoto, K., 1983. Eruptioninduced rapid erosion and mass movements on Usu Volcano, Hokkaido. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, 46: 123-142.

Lavigne, F. 1998. Lahars of Merapi volcano; initiation, sediment budget, dynamics, and related risk zonation. Univ. of Blaise Pascal. Clemont- Brussels.

Lavigne, F., J.C. Thouret, B. Voight, H. Suwa, A. Sumaryono. 2000. Lahars at Merapi volcano, Central Java; an Overview. J. Volc. And Geoterm. Research 100: 423-456.

Marliyani, G.I., 2010. An Overview of Merapi Volcano, Central Java, Indonesia. Gadjah Mada Universirty- San Diego State University, USA.

Parfitt. R.L., and M. Saigusa. 1985. Allophane and humus-aluminium in Spodosol and Andept formed from the same volcanic ash beds in New Zealand. Soi Sci. 139:149-155.

Purwanto, 2010. Rehabilitasi dan pemulihan lahan merapi. Program S-2 Ilmu Tanah Fak Pertanian UGM. Jogjakarta.

Sudaryo dan Sutjipto, 2009. Identifikasi dan penentuan logam berat pada tanah vulkanik di daerah Cangkringan, Kabupaten Sleman dengan metode Analisis Aktivasi Neutron Cepat. Makalah disampaikan pada Seminar Nasional V SDM Teknologi, Yogyakarta, 5 November 2009.

Suriadikarta, D.A., Abdullah Abbas Id.,Sutono, Dedi Erfandi, Edi Santoso, A. Kasno. 2010. Identifikasi sifat kimia abu volkan, tanah dan air di lokasi dampak letusan gunung merapi. Balai Penelitian Tanah, Jl. H. Ir. Juanda 98, Bogor

Shoji, S., M Nanzyoad, and R.D. Dahgren. 1993. Volcanic ash soilsgenesis, properties and utilization. Elsevier Amsterdam.

Wood, D.M. and Morris, W.F., 1990. Ecological constraints to seedling establishment on the Pumice Plains, Mount St. Helens, Washington. American Journal of Botany, 77: 1411-141.


  • There are currently no refbacks.