Redesigning Independent Community Empowerment Model For Household Craftsmen

Agus Utomo, Anwar Hamdani, Riyanto Riyanto, I Gusti Putu Diva Awatara


Redesigning the model of independent community empowerment program can be performed by (1) reviewing the factors to develop independent empowerment for household craftsmen in Surakarta, (2) identifying various government policy that support the development of household craftsmen’s independency in Surakarta, and (3) formulate the redesigned model of independent community empowerment for household craftsmen in Surakarta. The subject of this study is household craftsmen in Surakarta, Central Java Province. This study is a research and development type, started with survey and need assessment for developing craftsmen’s independency in entrepreneurship based on community’s characters and values, media to implement the proposed model, action, and evaluation. This study will be conducted in Banjarsari sub-district in Surakarta municipality. Observation, interview, demonstration, and simulation will be employed in this study to collect the data. The data will be analyzed using mixed technique between descriptive and quantitative technique. Through FGD we will formulate the concept of redesigned model for developing independent community empowerment for household craftsmen. In this study we have collected the data on the potency of studied area; the data on the problems and supporting factors for the implementation of household craftsmen’s independency development program, (2) the data on the number of prevalent entrepreneurs, (3) performing need assessment of household craftsmen in Surakarta, which will enable us to formulate the redesigned model of independent community empowerment for household craftsmen. The final aim of this study is applying the redesigned model of independent community empowerment for household craftsmen in order to achieve entrepreneurs’ business independency.


Redesigned Model, Small Business, Household Craftsmen

Full Text:



Barrett, B. & Usui, M. 2002. Local Agenda 21 in Japan: Transforming Local Environmental Governance. Local Environment. 7. 49–67.

Bigsten, A and M. Gebreeyesus. 2007. The Small, The Young, and The Productive: Determinants of Manufacturing Firm Growth in Ethiopia. Economic Development and Cultural Change. Vol. 55, No. 4. pp. 813-840.

Borg, W. R., & Gall, M. D. 1989. Educational Research: an Introduction (5th ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.

Chang, H.C. 2007. A Study on Basic Agricultural Extension Organizations Involving Taiwan’s Rural Community Empowerment Program. Community Development Journal. 120, 312–329.

Diaz-Puente, J.M., Cazorla Montero, A., de los Rios Carmenado, I. 2009. Empowering Communities through Evaluation: Some Lessons from Rural Spain. Community Development Journal. Vol. 44. No. 1. pp. 53-67.

Ellinger, A.D. and Cseh, M. 2007. Contextual Factors Influencing The Facilitation of Others’ Learning Through Everyday Work Experiences. Journal of Workplace Learning, Vol. 19 No. 7, pp. 435-452.

Hennink, M., Ndunge, K., Mara P., and Ravi, J., 2012. Defining Empowerment: Perspectives from International Development Organisations. Development in Practice. Vol 22. No 2. pp. 202 – 215.

Hess, D., Rogovsky, N., Dunfee, T. 2002. The Next Wave of Corporate Community Involvement: Corporate Social Initiatives. California Management Review. 44 (2). pp. 110- 125.

Hui, M. K., K. Au, and H. Fock. 2004. Empowerment Effects across Cultures. Journal of International Business Studies. 35: 46–60.

Hurst, E., and A. Lusardi. 2004. Liquidity Constraints, Household Wealth, and Entrepreneurship. Journal of Political Economy. 112 (2). Pp. 319 - 347.

Hurst, E and B.W. Pugsley. 2011. What do Small Businesses Do? Brookings Papers on Economic Activity. (2):73–118.

Jones, J. 2004. Training and Development, and Business Growth: A Study of Australian Manufacturing Small-medium Sized Enterprises. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 42 No. 1, pp. 96-121.

Kabeer, N. 2001. Resources, Agency, Achievements: Reflections on The Measurement of Women’s Empowerment. Discussing Women’s Empowerment- Theory and Practice, Stockholm, Sweden: Sida.

Kotey, B. and Sheridan, A. 2004. Changing HRM Practices with Firm Growth. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 474-485.

Laverack, G and Wallerstein, N. 2001. Measuring community empowerment: a fresh look at organizational domains. Health Promotion. International. 16, 179-185.

Marsick, V.J. 2009. Toward a Unifying Framework To Support Informal Learning Theory, Research And Practice. Journal of Workplace Learning. Vol. 21 No. 4. pp. 265-275.

Mazzarol, T. 2003. A Model of Small Business HR Growth Management. International Journal of Entrepreuneurial Behaviour & Research, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 27-49.

Nelu Eugen Popescu. 2014. Entrepreneurship and SMEs Innovation in Romania. Procedia Economics and Finance. 16 ( 2014 ) 512 – 520.

Rutherford, M.W., Buller, P.F. and McMullen, R. 2003, Human Resources Management Problems over The Life Cycle of Small to Medium-Sized Firms. Human Resource Management. Vol. 42. No. 4. pp. 321-335.

Saru, E. 2007. Organisational Learning and HRD: How Appropriate Are They For Small Firms?. Journal of European Industrial Training. Vol. 31 No. 1, pp. 36-51.

Tseng, S.C. 2009. Community Building in Taiwan. Walkers Cultural Enterprise Ltd. New Taipei City, Taiwan.


  • There are currently no refbacks.