KELAYAKAN EKONOMI USAHATANI JAGUNG DENGAN KOMBINASI APLIKASI BIOCHAR DAN PUPUK KALIUM

Asnah Asnah, Widowati Widowati

Abstract


The limited factors to achievement of farming success is the ability of
farmers to finance farming. Factros of cost is often limited factor/budget constrain
because availability costs affect the ability of farmer to provision of the required
factors of production farming. This research aims to study economic viability of maize
farming with a combination of biochar application and potash fertilizers.
Experiments conducted on the use of biochar soil organic waste inceptisol 30 t ha-1.
The data collected were tabulated and analyzed by economic analysis of farming. The
results showed the combination of biochar application and potash fertilizers ¼ dose of
recommendations (treatment BK ¼) economically feasible to develop the farmers in
term of production (7.02 t ha-1), revenue Rp 19.305.000 ha-1, income Rp 8.663.000
ha-1, economic feasibility (R/C) 1.8 and the value of labor productivity of Rp
48.166/HKO.

 

Faktor yang sering menjadi kendala dalam pencapaian keberhasilan
usahatani adalah kemampuan petani dalam membiayai usahatani. Faktor biaya sering
menjadi faktor pembatas (limited factor/budget constrain) dikarenakan ketersediaan
biaya mempengaruhi kemampuan petani dalam penyediaan faktor produksi yang
dibutuhkan dalam usahatani. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari kelayakan
ekonomi usahatani jagung dengan kombinasi aplikasi biochar dan pupuk kalium.
Percobaan dilakukan pada tanah Inceptisol menggunakan biochar sampah organik 30 t
ha-1. Data yang dikumpulkan ditabulasi dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis
ekonomi usahatani. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kombinasi aplikasi biochar dan
pupuk kalium ¼ dosis rekomendasi (perlakuan BK ¼) secara ekonomis layak untuk
dikembangkan petani ditinjau dari produksi (7.02 t ha-1), nilai jual (penerimaan) Rp
19.305.000 ha-1, pendapatan Rp 8.663.000 ha-1, kelayakan ekonomi (R/C) 1.8 dan nilai
produktivitas tenaga kerja sebesar Rp 48.166/HKO.


Keywords


economic feasibility, maize farming, biochar

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v11i1.42245

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