Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Studi Amerika JBSSA is the editor review journal of language, literature, American Studies and translation  which addresses various topics and issues on the area of language, literature, translation studies, tourism studies, and American Studies, including critical discourse analysis, systemic-functional linguistics, multi-modal analysis, literary criticism, literature and culture, cultural policy, cultural politics of representation, audience reception, effects of texts on readers, transnational studies, ethnicity, diaspora, gender and sexuality, nationalism and nationhood, postcolonialism, and new media.

JBBSA welcomes to submissions from students, researchers and practitioners who concern to explore and examine both contemporary and traditional issues of language, literature, culture, and society.


Section Policies


General submission guidelines

  • Manuscripts should not be less than 3000 words and not more than 7000 words (excluding references, author/s biodata and appendix). 
  • Manuscripts that do not follow to this guidelines will not be considered for review. 
  • Each manuscript must have an abstract (between 100-200 words) and 4 key words. Papers in Indonesian must have an abstract and title in English with similar abstract content.
  • Authors are required to submit manuscript in Microsoft word.docx or doc.
  • Authors should check accuracy of language before submitting manuscript to the journal.
  • Manuscript should be check for similarity with existing literature. Software may be used.
  • Manuscripts are not under consideration for publication elsewhere
  • Editorial Board has the right to make editorial changes to any manuscripts accepted for publication

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Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Studi Amerika

JBSSA Online, Journal of Language, Literature and American Studies is an open access and a peer reviewed journal published by English Department of UNS, Surakarta Indonesia. The aim of the journal is to provide a forum for language, literature, translation, American Studies, and Cultural Studies researchers and practitioners to share their research results and theories in the areas of English and Indonesian languages, linguistics, foreign languages and literature and culture, and translation. Articles are published in Indonesian and English.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Studi Amerika (JBSSA) maintains the standards of Single blind-peer review while increasing the efficiency of the process. All research that goes to the editorial staff will be selected through Initial Review processes by Editorial Board. Then, the manuscript will be sent to at least two reviewers. The double-blind peer-review process is adopted to ensure that the manuscript selection is carried out objectively. Editors and reviewers would provide constructive feedback on the manuscript evaluation results to the author(s). The detailed review process is explained as the following:
1. Before submission, the author must finalize the registration processes.
2. Editor in chief will perform an initial review emphasized the following critical points:

  • Suitability of the draft compared to the focus and scope of the journal
  • Significance and novelty of the draft.
  • Compliance with the author guidelines.
  • Plagiarism checking by Turnitin.
  • Decisions by the editor in chief during the initial review are as follows:
  • Rejected after the peer-review process: The manuscript will be sent back to the author with comments attached to the manuscript.
  • Revision required: The manuscript is sent back to the author with a comment attached. These comments will direct the author to revise a few things before re-uploading the document via the OJS system.
  • Accepted for the further peer-review process: The manuscript will be sent to the section editor to be assigned to the reviewers.

3. Next, the section editor will assign each manuscript to at least two reviewers. During the review processes, the manuscript will be reviewed using a double-blind peer-review process.
4. Reviewers will then provide comments with the following recommendations:

  • Accepted
  • Minor Revision
  • Major Revision
  • Rejected

5. The section editor and editor in chief will consider the recommendations and comments of reviewers before making the following decisions:

  • Accepted, no revisions to the manuscript;
  • Accepted by Minor Revisions, the journal will publish the paper and asks the author to make small corrections (let authors revised with stipulated time);
  • Accepted by Major Revisions, the journal will publish the paper provided the authors make the changes suggested by the reviewers and/or editors (let authors revised with stipulated time);
  • Resubmit (conditional rejection), the journal is willing to reconsider the paper in another round of decision making after the authors make major changes;
  • Rejected (outright rejection), the journal will not publish the paper or reconsider it even if the authors make major revisions.

6. After the section editor and editor-in-chief receive the manuscript, it will be sent to copyediting for drafting and editing before being sent back to the author for an overall review.
7. If changes required by authors with major and minor revisions are made prior to sending back to the system, the editor section will determine whether or not to proceed to the next revision process.
8. If the section editor and editor in chief reject the manuscript, the author will be notified that the manuscript failed for publication. This decision is followed by the attached detailed comments.
9. After the layout is complete, the Letter of Acceptance (LoA) will be sent to the author along with the final version of the manuscript.


Note :
The manuscript review process for desk evaluation takes two weeks in maximum. Manuscript that passes this stage can be seen from its status in OJS that is changed from "Awaiting Assignment" to "In Review". Meanwhile, substantive review by section editor and reviewer usually takes four to twelve weeks. This review period depends on the editors and reviewers' duration in reviewing the manuscript. If the author(s) does not get confirmation from the JBSSA for a long time, the author(s) can confirm by email.


Publication Frequency

Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Studi Amerika (JBSSA) is a semiannual journal, published in March and September.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

JBSSA is a high quality open access peer reviewed research journal that is published by Faculty of Cultutral Science of Universitas Sebelas Maret. The aim of the journal is to provide a forum for language, literature, translation, American Studies, and Cultural Studies researchers and practitioners to share their research results and theories in the areas of English and Indonesian languages, linguistics, foreign languages and literature and culture, and translation. Articles are published in Indonesian and English.


Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Studi Amerika
(JBSSA) is a peer-reviewed electronic international journal. This statement clarifies ethical behaviour of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in this journal, including the author, the chief editor, the Editorial Board, the peer-reviewer­­­­­ and the publisher (Universitas Sebelas Maret).

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed JBSSA journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them.

It is strictly against the ethics of academic article publication for duplication of publication, as such, manuscripts to be submitted to JBSSA MUST NOT been published and is/are not undergoing processing for publication in any other journal. It is mandatory for contributors (authors) to give a written declaration that a submitted work has not been previously published and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. As a result of our commitment to ensure that all submissions are original, the Editorial Offices of our journals are saddled with the responsibility to cross-check as a way of ensuring that submitted articles have not been published prior to their submission to our journals.

There is limit to the extent that JBSSA can investigate misconduct of our contributors, as such, we call on external reviewers and the entire science community to report any misconduct to our help desk officer through redaksi-jbssa@mail.uns.ac.id for prompt action to be taken.

JBSSA publishes 'retractions' if work is proven to be fraudulent, or 'expressions of concern' if editors have well-founded suspicion of misconduct. JBSSA also publishes 'replacement' in the cases where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious risk, the authors of the original article may wish to retract the flawed original and replace it with a corrected version. In these circumstances the procedures for retraction will be followed with the difference that the database retraction notice will publish a link to the corrected re-published article and a history of the document.

JBSSA encourages correspondence commenting on published items and should always invite authors to respond to any correspondence before publication. However, authors do not have a right to veto unfavorable comments about their work and they may choose not to respond to criticisms.

Neither peer-reviewer comments nor published correspondence should contain personal attacks on the authors. Editors should encourage peer reviewers to criticize the work not the researcher and should edit (or reject) letters containing personal or offensive statements.

JBSSA editors and readers have the right to expect that submitted work is the author's own, that it has not been plagiarized (i.e. taken from other authors without permission, if permission is required or proper citation of the original work) and that copyright has not been breached (for example, if figures or tables are reproduced).
The editorial office of JBSSA encourages peer reviewers to destroy manuscripts sent to them for review after they have reviewed them. The guidelines to peer reviewers  for our journals are explicit about the roles and responsibilities of peer reviewers, in particular the need to treat submitted material in confidence until it has been published. 

Authors of JBSSA must adhere to the following guidelines:

  • That the award of authorship should balance intellectual contributions to the conception, design, analysis and writing of the study against the collection of data and other routine work. If there is no task that can reasonably be attributed to a particular individual, then that individual should not be credited with authorship.
  • Authors must declare that the work reported is their own and that they are the copyright owner (or else have obtained the copyright owner's permission).
  • Authors must declare that the submitted work and its essential substance have not previously been published and are not being considered for publication elsewhere. Only original (unpublished) manuscripts should be submitted.
  • Author(s) must avoid disputes over attribution of academic credit for it is helpful to decide early on in the planning of a research project who will be credited as corresponding author, as contributors, and who will be acknowledged.
  • All authors must take public responsibility for the content of their paper. The multidisciplinary nature of much research can make this difficult, but this can be resolved by the disclosure of individual contributions. Careful reading of the target journal’s “Advice to Authors” is advised, in the light of current uncertainties.
  • It is unethical to submit a manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.
  • Any conflict of interest must be clearly stated.An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
  • Author(s) must acknowledge the sources of data used in the development of the manuscript. Also should endeavour to acknowledge sources of financial support to the research if any.
  • All errors discovered in the manuscript after submission must be quickly communicated to the Editor.
  • Author(s) should state that the study they are submitting was approved by the relevant research ethics committee or institutional review board. If human participants were involved, manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement that the experiments were undertaken with the understanding and appropriate informed consent of each. If experimental animals were used, the materials and methods (experimental procedures) section must clearly indicate that appropriate measures were taken to minimize pain or discomfort, and details of animal care should be provided.
  • Authors should submit a short description of all contributions to their manuscript. Each author's contribution should be described in brief. Authors of research papers should state whether they had complete access to the study data that support the publication. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should also be listed and their particular contribution described. This information should appear as an acknowledgement.
  • Author(s) should include information about research funding in all papers they prepare for publication.
  • Authors should inform journals if they discover errors in published work.
  • Authors have a right to appeal editorial decisions. 

Reviewers of JBSSA must adhere to the following guidelines:

  • That all manuscripts are reviewed in fairness based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry nor political values of author(s).
  • That any observed conflict of interest during the review process must be communicated to the Editor-in-chief.
  • That all information pertaining to the manuscript is kept confidential.
  • That any information that may be the reason for the rejection of publication of a manuscript must be communicated to the Editor.
  • The duty of confidentiality in the assessment of a manuscript must be maintained by expert reviewers, and this extends to reviewers’ colleagues who may be asked (with the editor’s permission) to give opinions on specific sections.
  • The submitted manuscript should not be retained or copied.
  • Reviewers and editors should not make any use of the data, arguments, or interpretations, unless they have the authors’ permission.
  • Reviewers should provide speedy, accurate, courteous, unbiased and justifiable reports.
  • The reviewers assigned to an article will comment on the following items:
    • The importance, originality, and timeliness of the study,
    • Writing, organization, and presentation,
    • The relevance, usefulness, and comprehensibility of the article for the Journal’s target audience,
    • title, abstract, and headings describe topic of the article.
    • The length of article & reference.

Editors of JBSSA must adhere to the following guidelines:

  • Editors’ decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication should be based only on the paper’s importance, originality, and clarity, and the study’s relevance to the remit of the journal.
  • Editors must treat all submitted papers as confidential.
  • Editors should inform peer reviewers about this Misconduct.
  • Editors should encourage peer reviewers to consider ethical issues raised by the research they are reviewing
  • Editors should request additional information from authors if they feel this is required.
  • Editors should exercise sensitivity when publishing images of objects that might have cultural significance or cause offence.
  • Editors should inform readers if ethical breaches have occurred.
  • Editors should encourage peer reviewers to identify if they have a conflict of interest with the material they are being asked to review, and editors should ask that peer reviewers decline invitations requesting peer review where any circumstances might prevent them producing fair peer review.
  • Editors may choose to use peer reviewers suggested by authors, but should not consider suggestions made by authors as binding.
  • Editors should mediate all exchanges between authors and peer reviewers during the peer-review process (i.e. prior to publication). If agreement cannot be reached, editors should consider inviting comments from additional peer reviewer(s), if the editor feels that this would be helpful. Journals should consider stating in their guidelines that the editor's decision following such an appeal is final.
  • Decisions by editors about whether to publish individual items submitted to a journal should not be influenced by pressure from the editor's employer, the journal owner or the publisher.
  • Editors should publish corrections if errors are discovered that could affect the interpretation of data or information presented in an article.
  • Editors should expect allegations of theft or plagiarism to be substantiated, and should treat allegations of theft or plagiarism seriously.
  • Editors should protect peer reviewers from authors and, even if peer reviewer identities are revealed, should discourage authors from contacting peer reviewers directly, especially if misconduct is suspected.
  • Editors should reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt whether appropriate procedures have been followed. If a paper has been submitted from a country where there is no ethics committee, institutional review board, or similar review and approval, editors should use their own experience to judge whether the paper should be published. If the decision is made to publish a paper under these circumstances a short statement should be included to explain the situation.
  • Editors should aim to ensure timely peer review and publication for papers they receive, especially where, to the extent that this can be predicted, findings may have important implications.
  • The editor of the JBSSA journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The Editorial Board takes responsibility for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, policies of the journal editorial board and legal restrain acting against plagiarism, libel and copyright infringement. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Chief Editor of JBSSA must adhere to the following guidelines:

  1. Evaluate manuscripts fairly and solely on their intellectual merit.
  2. Ensure confidentiality of manuscripts and not disclose any information regarding manuscripts to anyone other than the people involved in the publishing process.
  3. Has the responsibility to decide when and which articles are to be published.
  4. Actively seek the views of board members, reviewers and authors on how to improve/ increase the image and visibility of the journal.
  5. Give clear instructions to potential contributors on the submission process and what is expected of the authors.
  6. Ensure appropriate reviewers are selected/ identified for the reviewing process


Authors should submit only original work that is not plagiarized, and has not been published or being considered elsewhere.  Appropriate softwares may be used by the editorial office to check for similarities of submitted manuscripts with existing literature. Inclusion of fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are unacceptable. Work and/or words from other publications must be appropriately cited or quoted.



Authors should state their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation.The methods used in the work should be clearly and unambiguously described so that the findings can be repeated and confirmed by other researchers.



A statement on conflict of interest must be included in the manuscript if authors receive any support that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. 



Name of authors listed in a paper should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the report. Only those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the work must be acknowledged or listed as contributors. It is the duty of the corresponding author to ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper.  All co-authors must approve the final version of the paper and agree to the version of the paper before submission.



Authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research output in more than one journal or primary publication. A similar manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal concurrently as this constitutes as unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.


Plagiarism Policy

Every manuscript submitted for publication in Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Studi Amerika (JBSSA) is checked for plagiarism after submission and before being sent to an editor for editorial review.

  1. Plagiarism and self-plagiarism are not allowed;
  2. The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted;
  3. An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable;
  4. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

JBSSA uses ‘Turnitin Software’ to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts.

Working Process:

  1. Editorial Team checking manuscript on offline and online database manually (checking proper citation and quotation);
  2. Editorial Team checking manuscript by using Turnitin Software. If it is found plagiarism indication (more than 25%), the board will reject the manuscript immediately.


Article Processing Charges (APC)

JBSSA is an open access international journal. Since manuscript submission year 2012, Authors should not pay some processing and submission fees for article processing (free of charge). Readers can read and download any full-text articles for free of charge.

All expenses of the journal are covered by the Universitas Sebelas Maret. Processing and publication are free of charge with the journal. There is no article processing charges or submission fees for any submitted or accepted articles.



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