ANALYSIS OF THE TOURISM SECTOR CONTRIBUTION TO THE IMPROVEMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH IN CENTRAL JAVA

Hillary Netty Habsari, Evi Gravitiani, Darme Esther Mastina Hutabarat

Abstract

This research  aims to determine the effect of the degree of number of tourists, the number of tourist attractions, hotel occupancy rates, and the average length of stay of tourists on economic growth using the Gross Regional Domestic Product parameters. This research was conducted on all regencies or cities in Central Java Province with a total of 35 regencies or in the period 2009-2018. The data source used in this study is secondary data taken from the Central Statistics Agency page and the Youth, Sports, and Tourism Office which are then further processed. The data analysis method used is multiple linear regression test using panel data. The results of the study showed that the number of tourists, the number of tourist attractions, and the average length of stay of each tourist had a positive and significant impact on Gross Regional Domestic Product, while hotel room occupancy rates did not have any effect on Gross Regional Domestic Product. In addition to the number of tourists, the number of tourist attractions, hotel room occupancy rates, and the average length of stay of tourists simultaneously or together significantly affect Gross Regional Domestic Product.

 

Keywords: Number of Tourists, Number of Travel Attractions, Hotel Room Occupancy, Gross Regional Domestic Product, Tourism, Central Java Provision

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adinugroho, G. 2017. “Hubungan Perkembangan Wisata terhadap Ekonomi Wilayah di Gunungkidul Selatan”. Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, 1(1), 16–27.

Adisasmita, Rahardjo. 2005. Dasar-Dasar Ekonomi Wilayah. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Graha Ilmu.

Akan, Y., Arslan, I., & K, C. I. (2007). “The Impact of Tourism on Economic Growth: The Case of Turkey”. Journal of Tourism, 9, 1–24.

Amnar, S., Muhammad, S., & Syechalad, M. N. 2017. “Pengaruh Pariwisata Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Kota Sabang”. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Kebijakan Publik Indonesia, 4(1), 13–22.

Arianti, D. 2016. “Pengaruh Sektor Pariwisata Terhadap Perekonomian dan Keruangan Kota Bukittinggi ( Pendekatan Analisis Input Output )”. Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah Dan Kota, 12(4), 347–360.

Aronsson, Lars. 2000. The Development of Sustainable Tourism. London: Continum.

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Tengah. 2009. Provinsi Jawa Tengah Dalam Angka 2009. Semarang : Badan Pusat Statistik.

. 2010. Provinsi Jawa Tengah Dalam Angka 2010. Semarang : Badan Pusat Statistik.

Badudu dan Zain. 2001 . Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta : Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Baiquni, M., & Susilawardani. 2002. Pembangunan Yang Tidak berkelanjutan: Refleksi Kritis Pembangunan Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Transmedia Global Wacana

Baltagi, Badi H. 2005 . Econometric Analysis of Panel Data.Edisi Ketiga Chichester : John Wiley & Sons.

Damanik, Janianton dan Helmut F. Weber. 2006. Perencanaan Ekowisata.

Yogyakarta : PUSBAR UGM & Andi Yogyakarta

Dinas Kepemudaan, Olahraga, dan Pariwisata Provinsi Jawa Tengah. 2009. Buku Statistik Pariwisata Jawa Tengah 2009. Semarang : Disporapar.

Gujarati, Damodar N. 2013 . Dasar – Dasar Ekonometrika. Jakarta : Salemba Empat.

Handono, Ardi Dwi. 2018 . Analisis Fakor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD) Sektor Pariwisata di Subosukawonosraten Tahun 2012-2016. Skripsi. . Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis. Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Holik, A. 2016. “Relationship of Economic Growth with Tourism Sector”. Journal

Irawan, & Suparmoko, M. 1997. Ekonomika Pembangunan. Yogyakarta: BPFE- Yogyakarta.

Kreishan, Fuad. 2014. “Iqtisâdiyah al-Siyahah fi alArdan: Dirasah Ihsâiyyah Lilfatrah 1990-2011”. Arab Economic and Business Journal, 9, 37-45.

Jhingan, M. L. 2007 . Ekonomi Pembangunan dan Perencanaan. Jakarta : Grafindo

Kazmina, L. N. , V. S. Makarenko., V. V. Provotorina, dan T. N. Grigorenko. 2019. “The Tourist and Recreational Cluster of Rostov Region : Socio-Economic Substantiation and Development Prospects”. International Journal of Economics and Business Administration, 7(1), 510–520.

Madjid, Haryo Amalino. 2018 . Analisis Kajian yang Mempengaruhi Kontribusi Sektor Pariwisata Terhadap Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD) di Kabupaten Magetan Periode Tahun 2004-2015. Skripsi. . Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis. Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Manzoor, Faiza, Longbao Wei, Muhammad Asif, Muhammad Zia ul Haq, dan Hafiz ur Rehman. 2019.“The Contribution of Sustainable Tourism to Economic Growth and Employment in Pakistan”. Internation, al Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), 1-14.

Prasetyo, Udhi Sony. 2011. Kontribusi Sektor Pariwisata Terhadap Pendapatan Asli Daerah Kabupaten Karanganyar (Januari 1997 – Desember 2007). Skripsi. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis. Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Prastowo, Dwi dan Aji Suryo .2002. Analisis laporan Keuangan Hotel. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.

Purhantara, Wahyu. 2010. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif Untuk Bisnis. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Rediteani, Ni Made dan Nyoman Djinar Setiawina. 2018.“Pengaruh Jumlah Kunjungan Wisatawan, Lama Tinggal dan Tingkat Hunian Hotel Terhadap Pajak Hotel Restoran dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Kota Denpasar”. Jurnal Pembangunan Ekonomi, 7(1), 1-211.

Sharpley, Richard. 2000. “Tourism and Sustainable Development: Exploring the Theoretical Divice”. Journal Of Sustainable Tourism, 8(1): 1-19.

Ross, Glenn F. 1998 . Psikologi Pariwisata. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Saputra, Pragustian. 2018. Pengaruh Jumlah Objek Wisata dan Jumlah Kunjungan Wisatawan Terhadap Penerimaan Sektor Pariwisata di Kabupaten Lampung Selatan Tahun 2011-2017 Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Ekonomi Islam. Skripsi. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam. Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung.

Sihite, Richard. 2000 . Hotel Management: Pengelolaan Hotel. Surabaya: SIC.

Sugiarto, Endar. 1997 . Operasional Kantor Depan Hotel. Jakarta : Gramedia.

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode Penelitian Bisnis (Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D). Bandung: Alfabeta .

Sukirno dan Sadono. 2006. Ekonomi Pembangunan: Proses, Masalah dan Dasar Kebijakan. Jakarta: Kencana.

Tabash, M. I. 2017. “The Role of Tourism Sector in Economic Growth: An Empirical Evidence From Palestine”. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 7(2), 103–108.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.