The Effectiveness of Using Pictemp (Picture Template) to Aid Year 3 Vocabulary Skill in Malaysia

Naqib Hanis Md Dali, Turkasshini Raja Saigaran, Melor Md Yunus


Malaysian Government English Language Policy had clearly stated; English Language must be taught to all Malaysian student as a second language. The action research aimed to study the extent to which using the PicTemp (picture template) method is effective in improving the vocabulary among Year 3 pupils. The research participants comprised 10 low achievers Year 3 pupils from primary school located in Sepang and Putrajaya, Malaysia. The study involved the use of two different teaching methods, which were the traditional method and PicTemp methods. The instruments for the study consisted of Test 1 and Test 2, an interview schedule as well as journal entries. The results of the study showed that the PicTemp method was effective in helping Year 3 pupils develop their vocabulary. Although the results were positive, the study also finds that PicTemp method to be exhausting for young learners. Hence the study suggests that the application of this method could be on weekly basis.


Norbert Schmitt’s theory of vocabulary learning; shape poem; writing problem; second language learner;vocabulary skill

Full Text:



Abdul, Rashid. Mohamed., Sabariah, Morad., & Shaik Malik Mohamed Ismail. 2006. reluctant teachers, rustic students and the remoteness of english: A case study

Caroll, L. 1871. Through the looking glass. London: Macmillan Publishers

Cox, C. 2014. Viewing and visually representing. In Teaching language arts (pp 316 – 318) California: Pearson

Chomsky, N. 2006. Language and mind (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gay, L. R., Mills, E. G., & Airasian, P. 2009. Educational Research Competencies for analysis and applications. New Jersey :Pearson.

Jantmary, T & Yunus 2012. The Many Faces of Malaysian English. International Scholarly Research Network: 1- 14

Joklova, K. 2009. Using pictures in teaching vocabulary. Bachelor Thesis, Faculty of Education, Masaryk University.

Murokoli, J. 2011. Effective vocabulary teaching strategies for the English for academic purposes esl classroom. (Degree thesis). Available from MA Tesol collection New York State Document 2010. New York Ministry of Education ; New York

National Reading Technical Assistance Center 2010. A Review of the Current Research on Vocabulary Instruction. RMC Research Corporation.

Norazah Nordin, Mohamed Amin Embi & Melor Md Yunus. 2010. Mobile Learning Framework for Lifelong Learning. Procedia Social and Behavioural Science 7(C): 130 - 138

Ministry of Education. 2012. Preliminary malaysia education blueprint 2013-2025. Putrajaya: Ministry of Education, Malaysia.

Ong, S. L. 2004. Preparing preservice teachers to teach science in English: A case study. Digest Pendidik, 4 (1): 23 -31.

Pigada, M. & Schmitt, N. 2006. Vocabulary acquisition from extensive reading: A case study. Reading in a Foreign Language. 18(1) : 1 – 11.

Read,. 2000, Assessing Vocabulary. The Press Syndicate of The University of Cambridge, The Pitt Building, Trumptington Street, Cambridge United Kingdom.

Sabrina, Y., & Khan F. R. 2012. Triangulation research method as the tool of social science research. BUP Journal.1 (1), 54-59.

Schmitt, N. 2000. Vocabulary in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schmitt, N. 1997. A taxonomy of vocabulary learning strategies. Taxonomy of Schmitt’s Vocabulary Learning Strategies p. 207-8. Nottingham: Strategy Group.

Sedita, J. 2005. Effective Vocabulary Instruction.: Portfolio conferences. Insights on Learning Disabilities, 2(1), 33 – 45.

Shin, K. J., & Crandall, J. (2014). Teaching young learners english from theory to practice. Boston: HEINLE CENGAGE Learning.

Tan, K, E. 2006. Writing english essays within dominant discourses in malaysia schools: Portfolio conference. Jurnal Pendidik dan Pendidikan, 21, 23-45.

UNESCO. 2005. Arts education for the arts education for the development of the whole child. Education For Creativity.

Widdowson, H. G. 2003. Defining issues in english language teaching. New York: Oxford University Press.

Yunus, M., Salehi, H., & John, A. S. D. 2013. Using visual aids as a motivational tool in enhancing students’ interest in reading literary texts. Recent Advances in Educational Technology.

Yunus, M., Wan Safuraa Wan Osman & Noriah Mohd Ishak. 2011. Teacher –student relationship factor affecting motivation and academic achievement in ESL classroom. Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences 15 (2011): 2637 – 2641.

Yunus, M., Harwati Hashim, Noriah Mohd Ishak, & Zamri Mahamod. 2010. Understanding TESL pre-service teachers’ teaching experiences and challenges via post-practicum reflection forms. Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences 9 (2010) 722 - 728

Zimmerman, B. C. 2014. Teaching and learning vocabulary for second language Learner. In M. C. Murcia, D.M. Brinton, M. A. Snow (Ed.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language (pp.288 – 303). Boston.

Zurida, H, I. & Hashimah, M, Y. 2004. The teaching of science in engish: what? & How?. Digest Pendidik, 4 (1), 13 – 31.