Yayang Honora Prabu Sinta


This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of spatial analogies on understanding of numbers in early childhood in TK Islam Salamah and TK Sri Juwita Hanum Surakarta. This study was a quasi-experimental. The design of the study used a non-equivalent design with a sample of 34 children in the experimental group and 35 children in the control group. The technique of collecting data was through performance tests to measure children’s understanding of numbers. The normality test and homogeneity test used kolmogrov smirnov and lavene test of equality of variance. The data analysis used parametric statistics with a significance level p>0.05. The results showed that there was an increase in the mean value in the experimental group and there were significant differences from the control group and the experimental group with a significance value of 0,000. Children can to use the number symbol to count, mention the number symbol from 1 to 10, match numbers with the number symbols, know the concept of less and more numbers also there was an increase in another indicator. It can be concluded that spatial analogies had an effectiveness on the understanding of numbers of children in group B, TK Islam Salamah Surakarta.


spatial analogies, understanding of numbers, early childhood

Full Text:



Navarrete, A., Gómez, M & Dartnell, P. (2018). Promoting preschoolers' numerical knowledge through spatial analogies: numbers’ spatial alignment influences its learning. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 54, 112– 124.

Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 137. 2014. Tentang standar nasional pendidikan anak usia dini. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia.

Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 146 Tahun 2014. Tentang Kurikulum 2013 Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia.

Siegler, S & Ramani, B. (2008). Playing linear numerical board games promotes low-income children’s numerical development. Developmental Science. Journal of Educational Psychology,11(5), 655–661.

Kamsiyati, Siti. (2012). Pembelajaran matematika untuk guru sd dan calon guru SD. Surakarta: UNS Press.

Erica, L., Bethany, R. (2018). The home math environment: More than numeracy. Early Childhood Research Quarterly.

Siegler, S. & Ramani, B. (2009). Playing linear number board games—but not circular ones—improves low-income preschoolers’. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101 (3), 545–560.


  • There are currently no refbacks.