The Study of Herbicide Kinds and Tillage Methods on the Growth and Yield of Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L)

Supriyadi Supriyadi


The objective of this research was finding the answer to comprehend the influence of herbicide kinds, tillage methods, and interaction between them on the growth and yield of mung bean (Vigna radiata L). The thinking background of this research is that mung bean is not tolerant with weed competition, meanwhile herbicide that can control weed on mung bean crop hasn’t been found yet. Sometimes tillage is need to control weed, too. But the effect of tillage on increasing the yield of mung bean hasn’t been completely recognized.

The research was carried out in Karangasem village, Surakarta, in about 106 meter height sea level water, at Entisol soil. The research was designed with Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) that arranged according to Split Plot Design, that had 2 factors with 12 treatment combinations and every combination was replicated 4 times. The first factor was tillage method as main plot, that had 3 levels as follow: no-tillage method (P0), one time tillage method (P1), and two times tillage method (P2). The second factor was herbicide kind as sub plot, that had 4 levels as follows: control (H0), Isopropylamine Glyphosate herbicide/Roundup (H1), Oxadiazone herbicide/Ronstar 250 EC (H2), and Oxyfluorfen herbicide/Goal 2E (H3). The result was analyzed with Analysis of Variance on 1% and 5% level and then analyzed with Least Square Design (LSD) test if Anova test showed significant result.

From the result of this research, we can concluded that Roundup is able to increase total mature pods and dry seed weight of mung bean, but not significantly affecting all other research variables. Goal and Ronstar can make the plant height and fresh plant biomass of mung bean lower, and not significantly affecting total mature pods, total immature pods, total unfilled pods, dry seed weight, and 100 dry seed weight of mung bean. Meanwhile Ronstar is not significantly affecting. Goal can make the dry plant biomass of mung bean lower. The tillage method treatments and interaction between tillage method and herbicide kind treatments is not significantly affecting all studied variables.


herbicide; tillage; mung bean

Full Text:



Busscher, W.J., Sojka, R.E. and Doty, C.W. 1986. Residual Effects of Tillage on Coastal Plain Soil Strength. Soil Science Spciety American Journal, 141(2): 144-148.

Busscher, W.J., Frederick, J.R. and Bauer, P.J. 2000. Timing Effects of Deep Tillage on Penetration Resistance and Wheat and Soybean Yield. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 64(3): 999-1003.

Darmawijaya, M.I. 1992. Soil Classification. UGM Press. Yogyakarta. 41 p.

Ersita and Sutarman. 1991. Control Herbs for Bean (Arachis hypogaea L.). Science Magazine. Jambi University No. 25 pp. 76-87.

Harjadi, MMSS. 1993. Introduction to Agronomy. Gramedia Press. Jakarta. 197 p.

Kartasapoetra, G., A.G. Kartasapoetra, M.M. Sutedjo. 1991. Soil and Water Conservation Technology. PT Rineka Cipta Publisher. Jakarta. 196 p.

Kasno, A. and Sutarman. 1992. Well Development of Mungbean Genetic. In Adisarwanto, T., Sugiono, Sunardi, A. Winarno. Mungbean. Balittan. Malang. pp. 25-49.

Kern, J.S. and M.G. Johnson. 1993. Conservation Tillage Impacts on National Soil and Atmospheric Carbon Levels. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 57: 200-210.

Loomis, R.S. and D.J. Connor. 1992. Crop Ecology, Productivity and Management in Agricultural System. Cambridge University Press. New York. 538 p.

Moenandir, J. 1990. Physiology of Herbicide. Rajawali Press. Jakarta. 121 p.

Moenandir, J. 1993. Introduction Science and lower Herbs. Rajawali Press. Jakarta. 121 p.

Nasution, B.S. 1992. Glyphosate Herbicide Management. Pesticide Media Publisher. Vol 2-th. VII. pp. 20-23.

Needelman, B.A., Wander, M.M., Bollero, G.A., Boast, C.W., Sims, G.K. and Bullock, D.G. 2000. Interaction of Tillage and Soil Texture Biologically Active Soil Organic and Soil Matter in Illinois. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 63(5): 1326-1334.

Paustian, K., Collins, H.P. and Paul, E.A. 1997. Management Controls on Soil Carbon. pp. 15-49. In E.A. Paul et al. (ed). Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Agroecosystems. CRC Press. Boca raton, FL.

Purnomo, J. And A.A. Rahmianna. 1992. Herbs Control in Mungbean. In Adisarwanto, T., Sugiono, Sunardi, A. Winarno. Mungbean. Balitan. Malang. pp. 116-127.

Sojka, R.E., D.L. Karten, and W.J. Busscher. 1991. A Conservation Tillage Research Update From Coastal Plain Soil and Water Conservation Research center of South Carolina. Soil Tillage res. No. 21: 365-376.

Suprapto, H.S. 1993. Planting in Mungbean. Penebar Swadaya Press. Jakarta. 44 p.

Suprapto and Sutarman. 1991. Planting in Mungbean. Penebar Swadaya Press. Jakarta. 35 p.

Threadgill, E.D. 1982. Residual Tillage Effects as Determined by Cone Index. Trans. ASAE No 25: 859-863.

Tranggono, R. 1994. Optimum Soil Physical Condition as Affected by Tillage on Wet Land Rice. In Purwadonia, H.K., K. Abdullah, M.A. Dhalhar, Y. Sagara, K. Fujii, M. Djojomartono. Proceedings Second Joint Seminar on Agricutural Engineering and Technology. JICA-IPB-PERTETA. Bogor. pp. 73-85.

Vepraskas, M.J., W.J. Busscher, and J.H. Edwards. 1995. Residual Effects of Deep Tillage Versus No-Tillage, on Corn Root Growth and Grain Yield. Journal Prod. Agriculture. No. 8: 401-405.

Wilson, C.E.Jr., T.C. Keisling, D.M. Miller, C.R. Dillon, A.D. Pearce, D.L. Frizzell, and P.A. Counce. 2000. Tillage Influence on Solluble Salt Movement in Silt Loam Soils Cropped to Paddy Rice. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 64: 1771-1776.


  • There are currently no refbacks.