Legal Protection of Indigenous Community in Protected Forest Areas Based Forest City

Mohammad Jamin, Abdul Kadir Jaelani, Duc Quang Ly, Kerry Gershaneck


Indonesia has established regulations regarding the location of the National Capital. However, the important question is whether the Law is effective and whether the transfer of the National Capital has provided legal protection for indigenous peoples in the area designated as the National Capital. This study aims to analyze the protection of customary law communities in urban forest-based protected forest areas. This research is normative legal research, which uses secondary data with primary, secondary, and tertiary legal materials. The study results show that the state must finalize the Law on the State Capital, which also regulates the legal protection of Indigenous Peoples as a lex specialis provision. The Law on the State Capital must formulate norms that automatically guarantee the determination of the legal status of indigenous and tribal peoples.


City; Forest; Legal Protection; Indigenous City;

Full Text:



Aditya, Zaka Firma, and Sholahuddin Al-Fatih, ‘Legal Protection of Indigenous People’s Rights Through Strengthening the Licensing Principles Based on Social Sensitivity,’ Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies, 6.1 (2021), 1–34

Affolder, Natasha, ‘Contagious Environmental Lawmaking’, Journal of Environmental Law, 31.2 (2019), 187–212

Anugrahsari, Ice, Mustofa Agung Sardjono, Nur Fitriyah, and Golar Golar, ‘Social Contracts: Pillars of Community Conservation Partnerships in Lore Lindu National Park, Indonesia’, Forest and Society, 4.1 (2020), 115

B, Jauchar, Budiman Budiman, Adam Idris, Badruddin Nasir, and Ayu Khaerunnisa, ‘The Impact of IKN on Socio-Economic Development in Penajem Paser Utara (PPU) and Kutai Kartanegara’, Journal of Governance and Public Policy, 9.2 (2022), LAYOUTING

Boag, Carly, ‘A Comparative Study of the Legal Frameworks Facilitating Indigenous Land Management in Postcolonial Societies: Indigenous Australia and Indonesian Adat Law’, Brawijaya Law Journal, 3.2 (2016), 125–50

Budi, Budi, Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Bramasto Nugroho, and Rina Mardiana, ‘Implementation of Social Forestry Policy: A Review of Community Access’, Forest and Society, 2021, 60–74

Cats-Baril, Amanda, Indigenous Peoples’ Rights in Constitutions Assessment Tool (International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA), 2020)

Cinar, Kursat, and Meral Ugur-Cinar, ‘The Effects of Executive Constraints on Political Trust’, Democratization, 25.8 (2018), 1519–38

Duile, Timo, ‘Indigenous Peoples, the State, and the Economy in Indonesia: National Debates and Local Processes of Recognition’, Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, 13.1 (2020), 155–60

Estoque, Ronald C., Makoto Ooba, Valerio Avitabile, Yasuaki Hijioka, Rajarshi DasGupta, Takuya Togawa, and others, ‘The Future of Southeast Asia’s Forests’, Nature Communications, 10.1 (2019), 1829

Fahmi, Chairul, and Muhammad Siddiq Armia, ‘Protecting Indigenous Collective Land Property in Indonesia under International Human Rights Norms’, Journal of Southeast Asian Human Rights, 6.1 (2022), 1

Febrianto, Surizki, and Suparto, ‘The State of Indonesia Needs Investment to Accelerate Infrastructure Development After New Normal Policies Due to Covid-19’, 499.Icolgas (2020), 447–65

Firebanks-Quevedo, Daniel, Jordi Planas, Kathleen Buckingham, Cristina Taylor, David Silva, Galina Naydenova, and others, ‘Using Machine Learning to Identify Incentives in Forestry Policy: Towards a New Paradigm in Policy Analysis’, Forest Policy and Economics, 134 (2022), 102624

Fisher, M.R., M. Moeliono, A. Mulyana, E.L. Yuliani, A. Adriadi, Kamaluddin, and others, ‘Assessing the New Social Forestry Project in Indonesia: Recognition, Livelihood and Conservation?’, International Forestry Review, 20.3 (2018), 346–61

Fisher, Micah R., Ahmad Dhiaulhaq, and Muhammad Alif K. Sahide, ‘The Politics, Economies, and Ecologies of Indonesia’s Third Generation of Social Forestry: An Introduction to the Special Section’, Forest and Society, 3.1 (2019), 152

Gabrys, Jennifer, ‘Programming Nature as Infrastructure in the Smart Forest City’, Journal of Urban Technology, 29.1 (2022), 13–19

Garnett, Stephen T., Neil D. Burgess, Julia E. Fa, Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares, Zsolt Molnár, Cathy J. Robinson, and others, ‘A Spatial Overview of the Global Importance of Indigenous Lands for Conservation’, Nature Sustainability, 1.7 (2018), 369–74

Gupta, Divya, and Tomas M. Koontz, ‘Working Together? Synergies in Government and NGO Roles for Community Forestry in the Indian Himalayas’, World Development, 114 (2019), 326–40

Hadi, Fikri, and Rosa Ristawati, ‘Pemindahan Ibu Kota Indonesia Dan Kekuasaan Presiden Dalam Perspektif Konstitusi’, Jurnal Konstitusi, 17.3 (2020), 530–57

Hasibuan, Reni Ria Armayani, and Siti Aisa, ‘Dampak Dan Resiko Perpindahan Ibu Kota Terhadap Ekonomi Di Indonesia’, AT-TAWASSUTH: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam, 5.1 (2020), 183

Herdiana, Dian, ‘Menemukenali Syarat Keberhasilan Pemindahan Ibu Kota Negara [Identifying Conditions for Successful Relocation of the Nation’s Capital]’, Jurnal Politica Dinamika Masalah Politik Dalam Negeri Dan Hubungan Internasional, 11.1 (2020), 1–18

Hidayah, Nur Putri, Fifik Wiryani, and Hera Pratita Madyasti, ‘The Strengthening Legal Protection of Indigenous People in Facing Investment Climate in Era of Asean Economic Community In’, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 175 (2018), 012208

Jaelani, Abdul Kadir, and Resti Dian Luthviati, ‘The Crime Of Damage After the Constitutional Court’s Decision Number 76/PUU-XV/2017’, Journal of Human Rights, Culture and Legal System, 1.1 (2021)

Jayus, Jaja Ahmad, ‘Urgency of Legal Indigenous Communities’ Position in Indonesian Constitutional System’, Jurnal Media Hukum, 27.1 (2020)

Jesayanto Jaya, Daniel, Retna Hidayah, Diya Ul Akmal, and Anjulin Yonathan Kamlasi, ‘The Categorization of Solutions for Indigenous People in Customary Land-Use Conflicts in Indonesia’, Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage, 7.1 (2021), 1–16

Kelly, Erin Clover, and Mindy S. Crandall, ‘State-Level Forestry Policies across the US: Discourses Reflecting the Tension between Private Property Rights and Public Trust Resources’, Forest Policy and Economics, 141 (2022), 102757

Kodir, A., N. Hadi, I.K. Astina, D. Taryana, N. Ratnawati, and Idris, ‘The Dynamics of Community Response to the Development of the New Capital (IKN) of Indonesia’, in Development, Social Change and Environmental Sustainability (London: Routledge, 2021), pp. 57–61

Liao, Lisha, Chunkai Zhao, Xing Li, and Jiahong Qin, ‘Towards Low Carbon Development: The Role of Forest City Constructions in China’, Ecological Indicators, 131 (2021), 108199

Ma’Ruf, Umar, ‘Legal Protection of Indigenous Rights in Land Regulation in Indonesia’, Journal of Critical Reviews, 7.8 (2020), 1646–52

Maryudi, Ahmad, Muhammad Alif K Sahide, Muhammad H Daulay, Dhany Yuniati, Wildan Syafitri, Suryanto Sadiyo, and others, ‘Holding Social Forestry Hostage in Indonesia: Contested Bureaucracy Mandates and Potential Escape Pathways’, Environmental Science & Policy, 128 (2022), 142–53

Matuankotta, Jenny Kristiana, and Eric Stenly Holle, ‘State Recognition and Respect for the Rights of Customary Law Communities in the Maluku Islands Region in the Exploitation of Forest Resources’, SASI, 28.1 (2022), 107

Mubarak, Ahmad Ridha, and Rabiatul Adawiyah, ‘The History and Current Development of Indigenous People Movements in Indonesia’, Satya Widya: Jurnal Studi Agama, 4.1 (2021), 12–24

Muhammad Iqbal Baiquni, Asri Verauli, Jessica Armies dan Nabil Abduh aqil, ‘The Urgence of Protection of Ownership Rights To Indigenous Community Land in the Capital’, 1.2 (2022), 14–27

Mutaqin, Dadang Jainal, Muhajah Babny Muslim, and Nur Hygiawati Rahayu, ‘Analisis Konsep Forest City Dalam Rencana Pembangunan Ibu Kota Negara’, Bappenas Working Papers, 4.1 (2021), 13–29

Nur Azhar, Hanif, Helmya Hilda Putri Fatima, and Isna Nufussilma Tamas, ‘Preliminary Study of Indonesia Capital City Relocation Based on Disaster Mitigation Principle with Mental Model Approach’, ed. by A. Soleh Setiyawan, H. Dwi Ariesyady, A. Nastiti, D. Roosmini, and M. Sonny Abfertiawan, E3S Web of Conferences, 148 (2020), 06002

Nur Rahman, Irfan, Anna Triningsih, Alia Harumdani W, and Nallom Kurniawan, ‘Dasar Pertimbangan Yuridis Kedudukan Hukum (Legal Standing) Kesatuan Masyarakat Hukum Adat Dalam Proses Pengujian Undang-Undang Di Mahkamah Konstitusi’, Jurnal Konstitusi, 8.5 (2016), 767

Petosky, John Minode’e, ‘International Traditional Knowledge Protection and Indigenous Self Determinationa’, The Indigenous Peoples’ Journal of Law, Culture & Resistance, 6.1 (2020)

Pradhani, Sartika Intaning, ‘Traditional Rights of Indigenous People in Indonesia: Legal Recognition and Court Interpretation’, Jambe Law Journal, 1.2 (2019), 177–205

Rahayu, Sari, Dwi Laraswati, Andita A. Pratama, Muhammad A. K. Sahide, Dwiko B. Permadi, Wahyu Wibowo, and others, ‘Bureaucratizing Non-Government Organizations as Governmental Forest Extension Services in Social Forestry Policy in Indonesia’, Forests, Trees and Livelihoods, 29.2 (2020), 119–29

Resosudarmo, Ida Aju Pradnja, Luca Tacconi, Sean Sloan, Faridh Almuhayat Uhib Hamdani, Subarudi, Iis Alviya, and others, ‘Indonesia’s Land Reform: Implications for Local Livelihoods and Climate Change’, Forest Policy and Economics, 108.April (2019), 101903

Rohaini, Rohaini, Kingkin Wahyuningdiah, and Nenny Dwi Ariani, ‘The Challenges of Legal Protection on Traditional Cultural Expressions of Lampung’, Fiat Justisia: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 14.3 (2020), 221–32

Sarip, Sarip, Hanif Nurcholish Adiantika, and Abdul Muaz, ‘Political Law of Sidawangi Society towards Customary Rights Over Oro-Oro Land’, FIAT JUSTISIA:Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 13.4 (2019), 361

Syahyu, Yulianto, ‘The Problematic of Ulayat Rights for Indigenous Peoples in Terms Of’, Lambung Mangkurat Law Journal, 7.2 (2022), 108–17

Syarifuddin, Tengku Imam, Dian Eka Rahmawati, and Dafid Efendi, ‘Political Trust of the Dayak Paser Indigenous Law Community Regarding the Capital City Relocation Policy’, Masyarakat, Kebudayaan Dan Politik, 33.4 (2020), 393

Sze, Jocelyne S., Dylan Z. Childs, L. Roman Carrasco, and David P. Edwards, ‘Indigenous Lands in Protected Areas Have High Forest Integrity across the Tropics’, Current Biology, 32.22 (2022), 4949-4956.e3

Tajuddin, Tajuddin, Supratman Supratman, Darmawan Salman, and Yusran Yusran, ‘Bridging Social Forestry and Forest Management Units: Juxtaposing Policy Imaginaries with Implementation Practices in a Case from Sulawesi’, Forest and Society, 3.1 (2019), 97

Takanjanji, Yohanis Hina, Simon Nahak, and Ni Made Jaya Senastri, ‘The Effectiveness of The Regulation on The Use of Tribal Land in Palakahembi Village, Pandawai District, East Sumba Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province’, Jurnal Hukum Prasada, 9.1 (2022), 65–72

Tamma, Sukri, and Timo Duile, ‘Indigeneity and the State in Indonesia: The Local Turn in the Dialectic of Recognition’, Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 39.2 (2020), 270–89

Theresia, Ricky Martin Sihombing, and Florentina Simanungkalit, ‘The Impact Of Indonesia Capital Relocation To Kalimantan Peatland Restoration’, Sociae Polites, 21.2 (2020), 231–41

Wiryani, Fifik, and Mokhammad Najih, ‘Regulations of Recognition and Protection on Ulayat Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Indonesia’, in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Community Development (AMCA 2018) (Paris, France: Atlantis Press, 2018)

Zunnuraeni, Zunnuraeni, and Ahmad Zuhairi, ‘Kewenangan Desa Dalam Pengelolaan Hutan Untuk Mitigasi Perubahan Iklim’, Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum Dan Keadilan, 6.1 (2018), 34



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Mohammad Jamin; Abdul Kadir Jaelani; Duc Quang Ly; Kerry Gershaneckc.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Print ISSN:  2302-3783
Online ISSN: 2722-4708
Email: cc to
Published by: Universitas Sebelas Maret
Office: Department of Administrative, Faculty of Law, Universitas Sebelas Maret
Ir. Sutami Street, No. 36A, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah 57126- Phone 0271-642595