Pengaruh Kombinasi Serat Aren dan Pasir terhadap Pertumbuhan Pakchoi (Brassica rapaL. ssp.Chinensis) pada Hidroponik Substrat

Reni Surya Dewi, Samanhudi Samanhudi, Dwi Hardjoko


Changed over of the functions of agricultural land into industrial areas causing the narrowness of potential agricultural land can be used for cultivation. Hydroponics is able to overcome these problems, one of them by utilizing arenga wood fiber as a substrate for planting. One type of vegetable which is easily cultivated mustard plants are especially pakchoi (Brassica rapa L. ssp. chinensis). In addition to the timing of harvest is short, the plant also has a high economic value. The purpose of this research is to know the composition of the mixture of arenga wood fiber for proper growth of the pakchoi. This research was carried out in July to September 2013 in Screen house B Sebelas Maret University Surakarta Faculty of agriculture. Research compiled based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with two factor, each consisting of three degrees so obtained nine ranks and one control which use husk charcoal and the treatment is replication four times. The Data obtained were analyzed with F-test standard of 5%. If there is a real significant on the treatment of variables measured then continued with average comparison test using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at the 95% confidence level. The research shows that the arenga wood fiber can be used as a medium in hydroponic substrates for pakchoi and combinations are optimal for the growth of pakchoi is arenga wood fiber soaked water 6 days mix sand volcano not washed.


Pakchoi; Hydroponics; Substrate; Arenga wood fiber

Full Text:



Agoes DS.1994. Aneka jenis media tanam dan penggunaannya.Jakarta(ID): Penebar Swadaya.

Firdayati M, Handajani M.2005. Studi karakteristik dasar limbah industri tepung aren. J Infras LingkBinaan 2: 22-29.

Harjadi SS.1994. Pengantar agronomi.Jakarta(ID): PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Mechram S.2006. Aplikasi teknik irigasi tetes komposisi media tanam pada selada (Lactuca sativa). J Tek Pert7(1): 27-36.

Pant AP, Radovich TJK, Hue NV, Talcott, Krenek KA.2009. Vermicompost extract influence growth, mineral nutrients, phytonutrients and antioxidant activity in pakchoi (Brassica rapacv.Pakchoi, Chinensis group) grown under vermicompost and chemical fertilizer. J Sci Food Agri.

Rekhina O. 2007. Pengaruh pemberian vermikompos dan kompos daun serta kombinasinya terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman sawi (Brassica juncea “Toksakan”). Skripsi. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Roxas DE, Castillo LS, Obsioma A, Lapitan RM, Momongan VC, Juliano BO.1986. Chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of straw from different varieties of rice, In The Utilization of Fibrous Agricultural Residues as Animal Feed. Edited by P.T. Doyle. University of Melbourne.

Parkville Victoria Rubatzaky VE, Yamaguchi M.1997. Sayuran dunia I.prinsip produksi dan gizi.Bandung(ID):ITB, 313 hal. Edisi Kedua.

Sitompul SM, GuritnoB.1995. Analisis pertumbuhan tanaman. Yogyakarta(ID): UGM Press.

Suhardiyanto H.2010. Teknologi hidroponik untuk budidaya tanaman.Bogor(ID):IPB Press.

Sulistyaningsih E, Kurniasih B, Kurniasih E.2005. Pertumbuhan dan hasil caisinpada berbagai warna sungkup plastik. J Ilmu Pertanian 12(1):65-76.

Tim Karya Tani Mandiri.2010. Pedoman budidaya secara hidroponik. Bandung(ID): CV Nuansa Aulia.