Effect of Diet Program on Upper Arm Circumference

Istiqomah Istiqomah, Rino Arianto Marswita, Istiqomah Syarifah Nabila


Introduction: As time goes by, lifestyle is changing. The imbalance of energy intake and energy expenditure will result in underfeeding or overfeeding. Police officers at Polresta Depok are obese about 34,6 %. This research is the first research to investigate the effect of the diet program with Mid-Upper Arm Circumference on Policemen at Bhayangkara Prof. Dr. Awaloedin Djamin hospital in Semarang City.

Methods: The design of this study is one group pre-test and post-test design with inclusion criteria that are Policemen with BMI >30 and willing to take part in this study. The exclusion criteria are having a history of medullary thyroid carcinoma. The data collected in this study used consecutive sampling. The statistical analysis used a nonparametric Wilcoxon test.

Results: Mid-Upper Arm Circumference mean before and after intervention were 36,8 ± 5,72 and 38,9 ± 3,22 with Asymp. Sig. (2 - tailed) p= <0,001. (p<0,05). Thus, the effect of a diet program with Mid-Upper Arm Circumference is significant.

Conclusion: A diet program, consisting of liraglutide injection, diet food, and exercise, has a significant effect on Mid-Upper Arm Circumference.


diet food; exercise; liraglutide, mid-upper arm circumference; obesity

Full Text:



1. Hruby, A. & Hu, F. B. The Epidemiology of Obesity: A Big Picture Adela. Pharmacoeconomics 33, 673–689 (2016).

2. Musdalifa, N. R. & Wicaksono, S. Hubungan Indeks Massa Tubuh dengan Kadar Kolesterol Total pada Staf dan Guru SMA Negeri 1 Kendari. 4, 361–367 (2017).

3. Sahib, A. S. et al. Eating Behavior in a Sample of Overweight and Obese: A Cross Sectional Study. J. Obes. Weigh-loss Medicat. 2, 1–6 (2016).

4. Kemenkes RI. HASIL UTAMA RISKESDAS 2018. (2018).

5. Rachman, Ratu Tatya, K. Asupan Lemak Sebagai Faktor Dominan Obesitas Pada Polisi Satuan Samapta Bhayangkara Polresta Depok Tahun 2013. Fak. Kesehat. Masy. Univ. Indones. (2013).

6. Kurniawati, Y., Fakhriadi, R. & Yulidasari, F. Hubungan Antara Pola Makan, Asupan Energi, Aktifitas Fisik, dan Durasi Tidur Dengan Kejadian Obesitas Pada Polisi. J. Publ. Kesehat. Masy. Indones. 3, 112–117 (2016).

7. Alghamdi, A. S., Yahya, M. A., Alshammari, G. M. & Osman, M. A. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among police officers in Riyadh City and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Lipids Health Dis. 16, (2017).

8. Mehta, A., Marso, S. P. & Neeland, I. J. Liraglutide for weight management : a critical review of the evidence Obesity Science & Practice. (2016) doi:10.1002/osp4.84.

9. Dewantari, N. M. & Ambartana, I. W. Pengaruh Komposisi Diet Dan Senam Aerobik Terhadap Penurunan Berat Badan. Gizi Indones. 40, 59 (2017).

10. Chiu, C. et al. Benefits of different intensity of aerobic exercise in modulating body composition among obese young adults : a pilot randomized controlled trial. 1–9 (2017) doi:10.1186/s12955-017-0743-4.

11. Shinsugi, C., Gunasekara, D. & Takimoto, H. Use of mid‐upper arm circumference (MUAC) to predict malnutrition among Sri Lankan schoolchildren. Nutrients 12, (2020).

12. Rondanelli, M. et al. Twenty-four-week effects of liraglutide on body composition, adherence to appetite, and lipid profile in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patient Prefer. Adherence 10, 407–413 (2016).

13. Sam, U., Ticoalu, S. H. R. & Pasiak, T. F. Hubungan lingkar lengan atas dengan obesitas pada mahasiswa Kandidat Skripsi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado. J. e-Biomedik 4, (2016).

14. Garvey, W. T. et al. Efficacy and safety of liraglutide 3.0 mg in individuals with overweight or obesity and type 2 diabetes treated with basal insulin: The SCALE insulin randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care 43, 1085–1093 (2020).

15. Pakkir Maideen, N. M. Pharmacologically relevant drug interactions of Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists. J. Anal. Pharm. Res. 8, 51–53 (2019).


  • There are currently no refbacks.