Enira Arvanda


University campus is widely perceived as a safe and controlled environment for students. However, its perimeter area that serves as a threshold between the campus and its surrounding neighborhood, is mostly less developed. Hence, it might become a potential site for unlikely events such as a crime. This paper will investigate women students’ perceived risk on the campus threshold area and identify environmental cues that provoke fear of potential risk. Moreover, it also questions how the students relate their sense of safety to a setting. To confirm the hypothesis, we distributed a structured questionnaire using an online survey platform. As a result, several environmental cues have been identified as fear-provoking and the findings confirm female students’ tendency to assess potential risk from available environmental cues.


perceived risk, fear, environmental cues, female students, campus threshold

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