The quality of buck semen after feed additive minoxvit administration

Anita Hafid, Riasari Gail Sianturi, Diana Andrianita Kusumaningrum, Yeni Widiawati, Anneke Anggraeni, Ferdy Saputra


Objective: Reproduction and nutritional status is closely related. Nutritional deficiency or insufficiency directly affects reproductive efficiency. Deficiency of nutrition could affect the sperm quality and the ability to fertilize. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feed additive (Minoxvit) on semen quality of buck.

Methods: This study used 6 sexually mature bucks, aged 1.5 years old. The bucks were fed daily with 3 kg of freshly chopped king grass, 1 kg of Legume (Calliandra sp.), and 500 g of concentrate. Three bucks were given Minoxvit by 1.25 g/day in the concentrate, while three other bucks were considered as control. Semen was evaluated once a week for 49 days. Semen was evaluated macroscopically and microscopically. The macroscopic evaluation consisted of volume, color, and consistency of semen, while microscopic evaluation consisted of mass motility, sperm motility, viability, and sperm concentration. Data were analyzed using Completely Randomized Design with Tukey test.

Results: The result showed significantly different (P<0,05) in which bucks semen in Minoxvit addition group had higher semen volume (0.75 ml vs 0.54 ml), mass motility (3.32 vs 2.67), sperm motility (70% vs 58 %), sperm viability (86.67% vs 79.19%), and sperm consentration (2,6x109 mL vs 1,7x109 mL).

Conclusions: This study concludes that the addition of Minoxvit has a positive influence on the quality of buck sperms providing volume, mass motility, individual motility, viability, and concentration of the sperm.


Feed additive; Minoxvit; Semen quality; Buck

Full Text:



Amiridis, G. S., T. Tsiligianni, E. Dovolou, C. Rekkas, D. Vouzaras, and I. Menegatos. 2009. Combined administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone, progesterone, and meloxicam is an effective treatment for the repeat-breeder cow. Theriogenology. 72:542–8. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2009.04.010.

Salem, M. B., M. Djemali, C. Kayouli, and A. Majdoub. 2006. A review of environmental and management factors affecting the reproductive performance of Holstein-Friesian dairy herds in Tunisia. Livest. Res. Rural Dev. 18.

Cosson, J. 2004. The ionic and osmotic factors controlling motility of fish spermatozoa. Aquac. Int. 12:69–85. doi: 10.1023/B:AQUI.0000017189.44263.bc.

Kankofer, M., G. Kolm, J. Aurich, and C. Aurich. 2005. Activity of glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase and lipid peroxidation intensity in stallion semen during storage at 5°C. Theriogenology. 63:1354–1365. doi:10.1016/ j.theriogenology.2004.07.005.

Tremellen, K. 2008. Oxidative stress and male infertility - A clinical perspective. Hum. Reprod. Update. 14:243–58. doi:10.1093/humupd/dmn004.

Michael, A. J., C. Alexopoulos, E. A. Pontiki, D. J. Hadjipavlou-Litina, P. Saratsis, H. N. Ververidis, and C. M. Boscos. 2009. Effect of antioxidant supplementation in semen extenders on semen quality and reactive oxygen species of chilled canine spermatozoa. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 112:119–35. doi:10.1016/ j.anireprosci.2008.04.007.

Iswanto, N., Suyadi, and A. Rachmawati. 2012. Pengaruh α-tocopherol yang berbeda dalam pengencer dasar tris aminomethane-kuning telur terhadap kualitas semen kambing boer yang disimpan pada suhu 5oC. J. Ilmu-Ilmu Peternak. 22:1–8.

Jung, H. A., B. N. Su, W. J. Keller, R. G. Mehta, and A. D. Kinghorn. 2006. Antioxidant xanthones from the pericarp of Garcinia mangostana (Mangosteen). J. Agric. Food Chem. 54:2077–82. doi:10.1021/jf052649z.

Yue, D., L. Yan, H. Luo, X. Xu, and X. Jin. 2010. Effect of Vitamin E supplementation on semen quality and the testicular cell membranal and mitochondrial antioxidant abilities in Aohan fine-wool sheep. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 118:217–22. doi:10.1016/ j.anireprosci.2009.08.004.

Jacyno, E., M. Kawȩcka, M. Kamyczek, A. Kołodziej, J. Owsianny, and B. Delikator. 2002. Influence of inorganic Se + vitamin E and organic Se + vitamin E on reproductive performance of young boars. Agric. Food Sci. Finl. 11:175–184. doi:10.23986/afsci. 5723.

Senger, P. 2005. Pathways to Pregnancy and Parturition. 3rd ed. (P. Senger, editor.). Current Conceptions Inc.

Winugroho, M., Y. Widiawati, and T. Kostaman. 2014. Antioxidant as feed additive given to etawah grade bucks kept in different micro-climate environment (26oC vs 34oC). In: Proceeding The 2nd Asia-Australasian Dairy Goat Conference. Bogor. p. 251– 253.

Arifiantini, R. 2012. Teknik Koleksi dan Evaluasi Semen pada Hewan. IPB Press,


Permatasari FR, Marhendra APW, Aulanni’am. 2014. Studi Terapi Ekstrak Kulit Buah Manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.) terhadap Penurunan Kadar Malondialdehyde (MDA) pada Organ Testis dan Jumlah Spermatozoa Tikus (Rattus norvegicus) Hasil Induksi Paparan Asap Rokok. Malang: Program Studi Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Brawijaya.

Ralebona, N. 2012. Effects of ethanolic extract of Garcinia kola on sexual behaviour and sperm parameters in male Wistar rats. African J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 6:1077–1082. doi:10.5897/ajpp11.652.

Umar, S. H., E. de Queljoe, and L. Tendean. 2015. Pengaruh pemberian ekstrak kulit buah manggis (Garcinia mangostana l.) terhadap kualitas spermatozoa wistar jantan (Rattus norvegicus) yang diberi paparan suhu panas. J. e-Biomedik. 3:670–675. doi:10.35790/ebm.3.2.2015.9415.

Zarena, A. S., and K. U. Sankar. 2009. A study of antioxidant properties from Garcinia mangostana l. pericarp extract. Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment. 8:23–34.

Permatasari, F. R., A. P. W. Marhendra, and Aulanni’am. 2014. Studi terapi ekstrak kulit buah manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.) terhadap penurunan kadar malondialdehyde (MDA) pada organ testis dan jumlah spermatozoa tikus (rattus norvegicus) hasil induksi paparan asap rokok. Universitas Brawijaya.

Chomnawang, M. T., S. Surassmo, V. S. Nukoolkarn, and W. Gritsanapan. 2007. Effect of Garcinia mangostana on inflammation caused by Propionibacterium acnes. Fitoterapia. 78: 401–408. doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2007.02.019.

Qu, Y. H., L. Y. Jian, L. Ce, Y. Ma, C. C. Xu, Y. F. Gao, Z. Machaty, and H. L. Luo. 2019. Identification of candidate genes in regulation of spermatogenesis in sheep testis following dietary vitamin E supplementation. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 205:52–61. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2019.04 .003.

Preedy, G. W., S. L. Hill, J. S. Stevenson, R. L. Weaber, and K. C. Olson. 2018. Injectable trace-mineral supplementation improves sperm motility and morphology of young beef bulls. Prof. Anim. Sci. 34:1–9. doi:10.15232/pas.2017-01667.

Hong, Z., L. Hailing, M. Hui, and Z. Guijie. 2009. Effect of vitamin E supplementation on development of reproductive organs in Boer goat. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 113:93–101. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2008.05.076.

Glade, M. J., K. Smith, and M. M. Meguid. 2015. A glance at... nutritional antioxidants and testosterone secretion. Nutrition. 31:1295–8. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2015.05.019.

Murray, R. K., D. K. Granner, P. A. Mayes, and V. W. Rodwell. 2009. Biokimia Harper. 27th ed. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran (EGC), Jakarta.

Niki, E. 2014. Role of vitamin e as a lipid-soluble peroxyl radical scavenger: In vitro and in vivo evidence. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 66:3–12. doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed. 2013.03.022.

Mojapelo, M. M., and K. C. Lehloenya. 2019. Effect of selenium supplementation on attainment of puberty in Saanen male goat kids. Theriogenology. 138:9–15. doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.06.044.

Burk, R. F., and K. E. Hill. 1993. Regulation of selenoproteins. Annu. Rev. Nutr. 13:65–81. doi:10.1146/ 33.

Gadea, J., M. Molla, E. Selles, M. A. Marco, F. A. Garcia-Vazquez, and J. C. Gardon. 2011. Reduced glutathione content in human sperm is decreased after cryopreservation: Effect of the addition of reduced glutathione to the freezing and thawing extenders. Cryobiology. 62:40–6. doi:10.1016/j.cryobiol.2010.12.001.

Lovercamp, K. W., K. R. Stewart, X. Lin, and W. L. Flowers. 2013. Effect of dietary selenium on boar sperm quality. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 138:268–275. doi:10.1016/ j.anireprosci.2013.02.016.


  • There are currently no refbacks.