The Potency of Moringa oleifera Leaves Extract as Larvicide for Aedes aegypti

Kusmiyati Kusmiyati, Ety Rahmawati, Edwin Mesach Mauguru, Ferry William Frangky Waangsir, Pius Selasa



Background: The main vector of dengue fever is the Aedes aegypti. The use of synthetic insecticides, especially larvicides, has several effects, including resistance and environmental pollution. Therefore, researchers are interested in examining the potential of Moringa plants as natural larvicides.  This study was conducted for knowing influence administration of M. oleifera leaf extract against the death of Aedes aegypti  larvae and effective concentration  as a larvicide against Aedes aegypti larvae.

Method: This research was a true experiment, using design randomized post test only control group design.  The research test was conducted by dividing the sample into 6 groups, where 1 group was the control and 5 groups were treated with M. oleifera leaf extract, consentrations of 100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm, 400 ppm and 500 ppm.

Results:  The results of the Kruskal-Wallis statistical test on the effect of M. oleifera leaf extract on larval mortality during 24 hours of exposure showed a significant effect (p value 0.002), while at 48 hours exposure it also showed the same result (p = 0.004). This result showed that there was a significant difference between control group and treatment groups at concentration 100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm, 400 ppm, 500 ppm (p value 0.000).

Conclusion: There is an effect of giving M. oleifera leaf extract on the mortality of Aedes aegypti larvae. Various concentrations were effective in causing the death of Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae . It is needed to observe the mortality of Aedes aegypti larvae at shorter observation intervals and varying extract concentrations.



Aedes aegypti; larvacide; M. oleifera

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