Physical Modeling on Time Domain Induced Polarization (TDIP) Response of Metal Mineral Content

Yatini Yatini, Djoko Santoso, Agus Laesanpura, Budi Sulistijo


The Induced Polarization (IP) methods is an extension of resistivity method by adding ability of the ground in storing electrical charge. One of the measurement technique is done in time domain, hereinafter referred to as Time Domain Induced Polarization (TDIP). TDIP responses measured on the surface are affected by the physical properties of the subsurface. Research in TDIP response modeling studies is performed to obtain a quantitative relationship between response to metallic mineral content at subsurface. The relationship can be obtained by forward and physical modelling. The forward modeling produces a curve that connects TDIP response to the subsurface parameters and an array. The laboratory-scale physical model is performed on the sand-box size (200x100x70) cm3 by varying iron-ore content in a sphere target. TDIP response measurements on physical models is done using Dipole-dipole and Wenner configuration. The relationship between the TDIP response and metal mineral content is obtained by comparing the results of measurements on physical modeling and forward modelling. There is good appropriatement between the theoretical curves and measuring results of the physical modelling. The greater of iron-ore content on the target, increasing in the TDIP response.


TDIP response, chargeability, resistivity, forward and physical modelling

Full Text:



Vacquier, V., Holmes, C. R., Kintzinger, P. R., & Lavergne, K. 1957. Prospecting For Groundwater by Induced Electrical Polarization. Geophysics, 22, 660-687.

Majumdar, R.K., & Dutta, S. 1984. Induced Polarization (IP) Time Domain Equipment and Some Model Studies Over Thin Dikes of Finite Strike Extent. Geophysics, 49 (4),291-296.

Apparao. A. 1997. Development in Geoelectrical Methods. A.A. Balkema Publs, Old Post Road, Brookfield VT 05036. USA.

Apparao, A., Sivarama Sastry, R., & Sarma S.V. 1996. Depth Detection of Burried Resistive Target with Some Electrode Array in Resistivity Prospecting, Geophysical Prospecting, 43.

Sarma, V.S. 2009. Boundary estimation Between Dissemination and Massivity in Mineral Using Physical Model Studies in Induced Polarization (IP). International Workshop on Induced Polarization in Near-Surface Geophysics. Bonn. Germany.

Li, J., Liu, J.X., Tong, X.Z., & Guo, Z.W. 2010. The Physical Modeling Experiments Analysis of the Exploration Depth of Conventional Electric Survey. PIERS Proceedings. Xi’an. China.

Apparao, A., & Roy. A. 1971. Resistivity model experiments II. Geoexploration, 9 (4), 195-206.

Saydam, A.S., & Duckworth, K. 1978. Comparison of Some Electrode Arrays for Their IP and Apparent Resistivity Responses over a Sheet-Like Target. Geoexploration, 16, 267-291.

Yatini, Santoso, D., Laesanpura, A., & Sulistijo, B. 2014. Penerapan Moving Average pada Data Polarisasi Terinduksi dalam Domain Waktu (TDIP) Hasil Pemodelan Fisis. Proseding Seminar Nasional Kebumian. Yogyakarta

Loke, M.H. 2002. Rapid 2D Resistivity Forward Modeling Using the Finite-difference and Finite-element methods. Res2Dmod Ver. 3.01 User Manual.

Siegel, H.O. 1959. Mathematical Formulation and Type Curve for Induced Polarization. Geophysics, 24, 547-565.

Wait, J.R. 1984. Relaxation Phenomena and Induced Polarization. Elsevier Science Publ. Co. Inc. Geoexploration, 22, 107-127.

Yatini, Santoso, D., & Laesanpura, A. 2013. Respon Polarisasi Terinduksi Dalam Kawasan Waktu (TDIP) Pada Medium Air Tanah. Proseding Seminar Nasional Kebumian. Yogyakarta.

Yatini, Laesanpura, A. 2013. Influence of Potential’s Electrode Selection on Physical Modeling of Time Domain Induced Polarization (TDIP). Case Studies of Homogeneous Isotrop Medium. AIP Conf. Proc. 1554. 1 (2013)

Vanhala, H., and Soininen, H. 1995. Laboratory Technigue for Measurement of Spectral IP Response of Soil Samples. Geophysical Prospecting, 43, 454-472.

Kiberu, J. 2002. Induced polarization and Resistivity measurements on a suite of near surface soil samples and their empirical relationship to selected measured engineering parameters. Master Thesis. International Institute For Geo-Information Science And Earth Observation Enschede. The Netherlands

Sumner, J.S. 1976. Principles of Induced Polarization for Geophysical Exploration. Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co.

Slater, L., Lesmes, D. & Sandberg, S. K. 2000. IP interpretation in environmental investigations: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems, 935-944.

Ward, S.H. 1990. Resistivity and Induced Polarization Methods. SEG investigation on Geophysics 5 Geotecnical and Enviromental Geophysics, 1, 147.

Yatini, Santoso, D., Laesanpura, A., & Sulistijo, B. 2014. Forward Modeling of Time Domain Induced Polarization (TDIP) Response for Simple Earth Geometries. Proceedings The 5th Annual Basic Science International Conference, 5.

Loke. 2003. Electrical Imaging Surveys for Enviromental and Engineering Studies. A practical guide to 2-D and 3-D surveys.

Yatini, Santoso, D., Laesanpura, A., & Sulistijo, B. 2014. Influence of Physical Parameters to Time Domain Induced Polarization (TDIP) Response. AIP Conference Proceedings 1719,



  • There are currently no refbacks.