Kasiyan Kasiyan


The complexity of multi-dimensional educational problems in Indonesia seems to reach its deepest level. Those problems are mainly related to three fundamental ideas of Ki Hadjar Dewantara called “Trikon” strategy, covering continuity, convergence, and concentricity. The first is the problem related to the continuity strategy that can be recognized from the tendency of the current educational awareness that tends to be unsustainable. For instance, the implementation of 2013 Curriculum in Indonesia that led to a big controversy in the sense that this curriculum is considered very different from the previous one. The second is the convergence strategy that can be seen from the current practice of educational system in Indonesia that tends to be Western-centric than Indonesian-centric. Third is the one related to the concentric strategy which is reflected in the results of the current practice of Indonesian educational system that reduce or even eliminate the Indonesian indigenous values in the entire level of the civilization. Indeed, the need to have an educational restoration based on Ki Hadjar Dewantara‟s Trikon perspectives concerning these three problems is necessarily important to consider.

Keywords: restoration, Ki Hadjar Dewantara, education, Indonesia.

Full Text:



Buckley, Philip. (1992). “The Distinction between the Natural and Human Sciences”, in Husserl, Heidegger and the Crisis of Philosophical Responsibility. London: Springer Science & Business Media.

Corfield P. J. (2007). Time and the Shape of History.New Haven, Connecticut, USA: Yale University Press.

Davis, Bret W. (2007). Heidegger and the Will: On the Way to Gelassenheit. Evanston, Illionis, USA: Northwestern University Press.

Dewantara, Ki Hadjar. (2013). “Kesenian Daerah dalam Persatuan Indonesia; Motto: Kontinyu-Konvergen-Konsetris”, in Pemikiran, Konsepsi, Keteladanan, dan Sikap Merdeka., II: Kebudayaan. Yogyakarta: Universitas Sarjanawiyata Taman Siswa in collaboration with Majelis Luhur Persatuan Taman Siswa.

Djumberansyah, Indar. (1994). Filsafat Pendidikan. Surabaya: Karya Abditama.

Dodd, James. (2006). “Chapter Three: Galileo and Modern Science Crisis”, in Crisis and Reflection: An Essay on Husserl's Crisis of the European Sciences. London: Springer Science & Business Media.

Ghisleni, Maurizio. (2001). Parsons' The Structure of Social Action and Contemporary Debates. Milan, Italy: Franco Angeli.

Hadiwardoyo, Purwo. (1993). “Nilai Kemanusiaan Hikmat bagi Pendidikan”, dalam Pendidikan Memasuki Tahun 2000. Jakarta: Gramedia Mediasarana Indonesia.

Himmelfarb, Gertrude. (2004). The New History and the Old: Critical Essays and Reappraisals. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard University Press.

Isjoni. (2006). Pendidikan Sebagai Investasi Masa Depan. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Kartini, R.A. (1981). Surat-surat Kartini. Renungan tentang dan untuk Bangsanya. Translated by Sulastin Sutrisno Jakarta: Djambatan.

Koentjaraningrat. (1997). Manusia dan Kebudayaan Indonesia. Jakarta: Djambatan.

McLuhan, Marshall. (2006). Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man Routledge Calssics. Revised Edition. London: Routledge.

Ostreng, Willy. (2010). Science Without Boundaries: Interdisciplinarity in Research, Society and Politics. Lanham, Maryland, USA: University Press of America.

Rendra, W.S. (2006). “Seonggok Jagung di Kamar”, in Potret Pembangunan dalam Puisi. Jakarta: Burung Merak Press.

Supeli, Karlina. (2013). Kebudayaan dan Kegegapan Kita. A Cultural Speech at Taman Ismail Marzuki, 11 November 2013.


  • There are currently no refbacks.