Pembuatan Katoda Baterai Lithium Ion Iron Phospate (LiFePO4) dengan Metode Solid State Reaction

Elizabeth Putri Permatasari, Mega Permata Rindi, Agus Purwanto


One of the most finest materials for lithium ion battery nowadays is lithium iron phosphate or LiFePO4. Lithium iron phosphate was synthesized with solid state reaction method  by  optimizing  the  variable  of  material  and  temperature.  The  variable  for calcination temperatures were 700oC, 800oC, and 900oC while the basic materials as Fe sources were Fe2O3 and FeSO4. Particles morphologies and quantity of crystal were investigated in details by X-ray diffraction analysis XRD. XRD imaging showed diffraction of nanoparticles LiFePO4 with crystal quantity 40,4% (800oC) and 59,1% (900oC) of materials Fe2O3,which the most quantity from other samples. Thus, chatode materials were made from LiFePO4 that synthesized at calcination temperatures 800oC and 900oC. In conclusion the material chatode from LiFePO4 that had been synthesized had so many impurities because it was hard to get single phase of nanoparticles LiFePO4 and need more improvement in optimizing the process condition for ideal chatode material.

Full Text:



Allison-Bruce, S.A., dan Abumere, O.E. 2015. “Microwave Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis of LiFePO4/C Composite Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries”. Department of Physics, University of Port Harcourt. Port Harcourt.

Amor, Ghazi Ben, Noureddine Amdouni, Habib Boughzala, dan Jean-Marc Greneche. 2013, “Effects of

Modified Solid State Synthesis on Physico-Chemistry and Electrochemical Properties of LifePO4

Material”, Journal de la Société Chimique de Tunisie, Vol. 15, pp 101-107, France.

Belt, J., V. Utgikar, I. Bloom, 2011, “Calendar and PHEV Cycle Life Aging of High-Energy, Lithiumion

Cells Containing Blended Spinel and Layered-Oxide Cathodes”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol.

, pp 10213–10221.

H, Wiggers, Hamid, N. A., Wennig, S., Hardt, S., Heinzel, A., Schulz, C, 2012, “High-capacity Cathodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries from Nanostructured LiFePO4 Synthesized by Highly-Flexiblea and Scalable Flame Spray Pyrolysis”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 216, pp. 76-83.

Hong, K.S., C.W. Ahn, M.G. Ha, 2010, “Improvement of the Electrochemical Properties in Nano-sized

Al¬2O3 and AlF3-coated LiFePO4 Cathode Materials”, Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 297-

, pp 906-911, Switzerland.

Honggowiranto, W., Sudaryanto, Evvy Kartini, dan Agus Purwanto, 2015, “Electrochemical performance

of LiFePO4 Cylinder Cell Battery”, AIP Conference Proceeding, 1710, 030042(2016).

Huang, Chaochao, Desheng Ai, Li Wang, Xiangming He, 2016, “LiFePO4 Crystal Growth during Co- precipitation”, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., Vol. 11, pp 754 – 762. China.

J. J. Wang, X. L. Sun, 2012, “Understanding and recent development of carbon coating on LiFePO4

cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries”, Energy Environ, Sci., Vol.5, pp.5163-5185.

Kong, X.H, Xiaoming Sun, Yadong Li, 2012, “Synthesis of ZnO Nanobelts by Carbothermal Reduction and Their Photoluminescence Properties”, Department of Chemistry and the Key Laboratory of Atomic & Molecular Nanoscience, Chem Lett 32: 546-547. China.

Linden, David., Thomas B. Reddy, 2002, “Handbook of Batteries”, 3rd ed, McGraw-Hill : New York. Mazman, Muhsin, Omur Cuhadar, Davut Uzun, dkk, 2014, “Optimization of LiFePO4 Synthesis by

Hydrothermal Method”, Turk. J. Chem, Vol. 38, pp 297-308, Turkey.

Rao, M. C. 2013, “Improving Electrochemical Performance of Lithium-Ion Batteries using LiMn2O4

Cathodes”, J. Chem. Bio, Phy. Sci. Sec.C, 1:00-00.

Reimers, J.N., dan J.R. Dahn, 1992, J. Electrochem. Soc. Vol. 139 p. 2091.

Sanchez, M.A.E., G.E.S. Brito, M.C.A. Fantini, dkk, 2005, “Synthesis and Characterization of LiFePO4

Prepared by Sol–Gel Technique”, J. Solid State Ionics, Vol. 177, pp 497-500, Brazil.

Sun, Xiangcheng, Kai Sun, 2012, “Controlled Preparation and Surface Structure Characterization of Carbon-Coated Lithium Iron Phosphate and Electrochemical Studies as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Battery”, International Journal of Materials and Chemistry, Vol.5, pp. 218-224, Canada.

Takada, K, 2008, “Progress and prospective of Solid State Ionics for Batteries”, Osaka Prefecture

University, Japan.

Yin, Yanhong, Xiangnan Li, Xinxin Mao, dkk, 2013, “Solid State Reaction Preparation of LiFePO4/(C + Cu) Cathode Material and Its Electrochemical Performance”, J. Mater. Sci. Technol, Vol.29, pp



  • There are currently no refbacks.