Fatmawati Fatmawati, Argyo Demartoto



Female circumcision practice is a hereditary tradition conducted by Kelurahan Kreo Selatan people. The people remains to circumcise their daughter until today despite information on the controversy of female circumcision making many medical personnel no longer serving female circumcision in Kelurahan Kreo Selatan. This research aimed to find out the meaning and process, the trigger, the enabler and the confirmer of female circumcision practice, and to analyze the social construction of female circumcision practice in Kelurahan Kreo Selatan. This study employed a qualitative method with phenomenological approach and Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann’s Social Construction theory. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling one. Techniques of collecting data used were observation, interview, and documentation. Data validation was carried out using source triangulation. Technique of analyzing data used was an interactive model of analysis. The result of research showed that female circumcision was a tradition conducted to comply with obligation as the Muslim aiming to remove impurity, for health purpose and to control the women’s sexuality. The process of female circumcision changed in the usage of the tools, medical personnel and how to circumsion. In its development from the past to the present, there are some factors making female circumcision practice surviving: externalization process, objectification, internalization within family and neighborhood. Those three factors could be seen from trigger, enabler and confirmer of female circumcision practice incidence. The people of Kelurahan Kreo Selatan have had a construction as well that female circumcision is as same as the male one, that is, beneficial and an obligation in Islam religion.  


Keywords: Female Circumcision, Externalization, Objectification, and internalization

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