The Effects of Types of Manure and Mycorrhizal Applications on Sandy Soils on the Growth and Yield of Curly Red Chili (Capsicum annum L.)

Sukmana Siswandana Putra, Eka Tarwaca Susila Putra, Jaka Widada


Market demand for chilies continues to increase, so efforts are needed to increase the productivity of the chili plants. One of the efforts is by intensifying production factors such as applying fertilizers on beach sand which contain low nutrients and organic matter so that manure input is needed and also utilizes soil microbial technology in the form of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi which are relatively cheap economically and environmentally friendly. The purpose of this research was to study the effect of types of manure and mycorrhizal applications on the growth and yield of curly red chili. The research was arranged in a strip-plot Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) consisting of two factors with three replications. The first factor is the type of fertilizer (cow manure, chicken manure, guano fertilizer, quail manure and urea fertilizer) and the second factor is the application of mycorrhizae (with and without). This study concludes that quail manure increases plant height. The addition of chicken manure, guano fertilizer and quail manure multiplies the total fruit production. The application of mycorrhizae gives the same results on the growth and yield of chili.


guano fertilizer; manure; mycorrhiza; nitrogen

Full Text:



Adhikari, P., Khanal, A., & Subedi, R. (2016). Effect of Different Sources of Organic Manure on Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper. Advances in Plants & Agriculture Research, 3(5), 1–3. Crossref

Agustina, Jumini, & Nurhayati. (2015). Pengaruh Jenis Bahan Organik terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Dua Varietas Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill L.). Jurnal Floratek, 10(1), 46–53. Retrieved from Link

Ahmad, T., Shah, S. T., Ullah, F., Ghafoor, F., & Anwar, U. (2017). Effect of Organic Fertilizers on Growth and Yield of Coriander. International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Research, 3(1), 116–120. Retrieved from Link

Ali, M. A., Gençoğlan, C., & Gençoğlan, S. (2019). The Effects of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer Applications on Yield and Plant Vegetative Growth of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 29(1), 1–9. Crossref

Anjarwati, A., Istiyanti, E., & Hasanah, U. (2013). Efisiensi Penggunaan Faktor Produksi pada Usahatani Cabai Merah (Capsicum spp.) di Lahan Pasir Pantai Kecamatan Temon Kabupaten Kulon Progo. Surya Agritama, 2(1), 11–20. Crossref

Biratu, G. K., Elias, E., Ntawuruhunga, P., & Nhamo, N. (2018). Effect of chicken manure application on cassava biomass and root yields in two agro-ecologies of Zambia. Agriculture (Switzerland), 8(4), 1–15. Crossref

Castillo R, C., Sotomayor S, L., Ortiz O, C., Leonelli C, G., Borie B, F., & Rubio H, R. (2009). Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on an Ecological Crop of Chili Peppers (Capsicum annuum L.). Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 69(1), 79–87. Crossref

Chandini, Kumar, R., Kumar, R., & Prakash, O. (2019). The Impact of Chemical Fertilizers on our Environment and Ecosystem. Chapter: 5. Edition: 2nd In book: Research Trends in Environmental Sciences, pp. 69–86). Retrieved from Link

Elnasikh, M., & Satti, A. A. (2017). Potentiality of Organic Manures in Supporting Sustainable Agriculture in Sudan. Environment and Natural Resources International, 2(1), 01–26. Retrieved from Link

Fitrisiana, N., Taryono, & Tohari. (2013). Pengaruh Macam Pupuk Kandang terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Wijen Hitam dan Wijen Putih (Sesamum indicum L.). Vegetalika, 2(3), 45–53. Retrieved from Link

Hartatik, W., Husnain, & Widowati, L. R. (2015). Peranan Pupuk Organik dalam Peningkatan Produktivitas Tanah dan Tanaman. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan, 9(2), 107–120 Retrieved from Link

Jozefaciuk, G., & Lukowska, M. (2013). New Method for Measurement of Plant Roots Specific Surface. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4(5), 1088–1094. Crossref

Khandaker, M. M., Rohani, F., Dalorima, T., & Mat, N. (2017). Effects of Different Organic Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Quality of Capsicum annuum L. Var. Kulai (Red chilli Kulai). Biosciences, Biotechnology Research Asia, 14(1), 185–192. Crossref

Lubis, N., Refnizuida, R., & R, H. I. F. (2019). Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Organik Daun Kelor dan Pupuk Kotoran Puyuh terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Kacang Panjang (Vigna cylindrica L). Talenta Conference Series: Science and Technology (ST), 2(1), 108–117. Crossref

Madhukumar, V., Seenappa, C., Lalitha, B. S., Sharanappa & Sanjay, M. T. (2018). Effect of Organic Farming Practices on Productivity, Quality and Economics of Chilli Hybrids in Central Dry Zone of Karnataka, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(2), 2877–2885. Crossref

Masito, G. A. T., Respatie, D. W., & Rogomulyo, R. (2014). Pengaruh Lima Macam Pupuk Organik terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kandungan Senyawa Aktif Daun Sirsak (Annona muricata L.). Vegetalika, 3(3), 97–105. Retrieved from Link

Moles, A. T., Warton, D. I., Warman, L., Swenson, N. G., Laffan, S. W., Zanne, A. E., Pitman, A., Hemmings, F. A., & Leishman, M. R. (2009). Global patterns in plant height. Journal of Ecology, 923–932. Crossref

Muis, A., Indradewa, D., & Widada, J. (2013). Pengaruh Inokulasi Mikoriza Arbuskula Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) pada Berbagai Interval Penyiraman. Vegetalika, 2(2), 7–20. Retrieved from Link

Ngkongolo, M., Lumpungu, K., Kizungu, V., Kalambaie, M., Tshimbombo, J., & Mukendi, K. (2016). Comparative Effects of Organic Manure (Tithonia diversifolia and Bat-Guano) on the Crop Yield of Corn (in Monoculture and in Association with Cowpea) in Ngandajika Region in Central Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Development Research, 06(01), 6410–6416. Retrieved from Link

Onwu, A., Osujieke, N., Gani, A., & Ali, A. (2018). Influence of Organic Fertilizer (Nomau®) on Soil, Leaf Nutrient Content, Growth and Yield of Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas) in Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 3(2), 1–11. Crossref

Pal, A., & Pandey, S. (2017). Role of Arbuscular Mychrorrizal Fungi on plant growth and reclamation of barren soil with wheat (Triticum aestivum L Crop.). International Journal of Soil Science, 12(1), 25–31. Crossref

Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian. (2015). Outlook Cabai. Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal Kementerian Pertanian. Retrieved from Link

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hortikultura. (2019). Budidaya Cabai. Jakarta: Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Kementerian Pertanian. Retrieced from Link

Setiawan, M. A., Efendi, E., & Mawarni, R. (2018). Effect of Organic Fertilizer and NPK Fertilizer Application on Growth and Yield of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). Bernas Agriculture Research Journal, 14(3), 133–144. Retrieved from Link

Shahzad, H., Ullah, S., Iqbal, M., Javed, A., Jehan, S., Hussain, S., & Siddiqui, A. R. (2014). Effect of Various Farm Manure Levels on Root Proliferation and Maize Growth under Different Soil Textures. International Journal of Modern Agriculture, 3(4), 106–115. Retrieved from Link

Siddique, S., Hamid, M., Tariq, A., & Kazi, A. G. (2014). Organic Farming: The Return to Nature. In: Ahmad, P., Wani, M., Azooz, M., & Phan Tran, L. S. (eds) Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes. Springer, New York, NY. Crossref

Smith, S. E., & Smith, F. A. (2011). Roles of Arbuscular Mycorrhizas in Plant Nutrition and Growth: New Paradigms from Cellular to Ecosystem Scales. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 62(1), 227–250. Crossref

Suryono, Dewi, W. S., & Sumarno (2014). Pemanfaatan Limbah Peternakan dalam Konsep Pertanian Terpadu guna Mewujudkan Pertanian yang Berkelanjutan. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 29(2), 96–100. Crossref

Tiamiyu, R. A., Ahmed, H. G., & Muhammad, A. S. (2012). Effect of Sources of Organic Manure on Growth and Yields of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) in Sokoto, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 20(3), 213–216. Retrieved from Link

Ünal, M., Can, O., Can, B. A., & Poyraz, K. (2018). The Effect of Bat Guano Applied to the Soil in Different Forms and Doses on Some Plant Nutrient Contents. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 49(6), 708–716. Crossref

Wicaksono, M. I., Rahayu, M., & Samanhudi. (2014). Pengaruh Pemberian Mikoriza dan Pupuk Organik Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bawang Putih. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 29(1), 35–44. Crossref

Wu, Q., Pagès, L., & Wu, J. (2016). Relationships between root diameter, root length and root branching along lateral roots in adult, field-grown maize. Annals of Botany, 117(3), 379–390. Crossref

Yang, Q., Zhang, H., Guo, Y., & Tian, T. (2016). Influence of chicken manure fertilization on antibiotic-resistant bacteria in soil and the endophytic bacteria of pakchoi. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(7), 662. Crossref

Zhang, H., Liu, Z., Chen, H., & Tang, M. (2016). Symbiosis of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and Robinia pseudoacacia L. improves root tensile strength and soil aggregate stability. PLoS ONE, 11(4), 5–9. Crossref

Zro, F. G. B., Guei, A. M., Nangah, Y. K., Yao-Kouame, A. (2018). Impacts of household waste compost formed in public garbage dump on the organo-mineral status and productivity of a sandy soil. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 5(2), 1–5. Retrieved from Link


  • There are currently no refbacks.