The Efficiency of Garlic Supply Chain Actors Measured using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Method in Karanganyar, Indonesia

Betha Wahyuningtyas, Kusnandar Kusnandar, Sutrisno Hadi Purnomo


One of the obstacles to the development of agribusiness is related to supply chain management. The availability of supply is the most important factor in influencing supply chain performance. Without a stable and routine supply, supply chain performance will be disrupted. Karanganyar Regency is one of the production centers of horticultural commodities, particularly garlic. This study aimed to analyze the efficiency of each garlic supply chain actor in Karanganyar Regency. The research was conducted from March to April 2019. The efficiency of each supply chain actor in this study was measured using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method. Performance measurement was done through the DEA approach and the performance attributes were input and output variables. The respondents observed were 50 farmers and 13 supply chain actors working in institutions. The samples of farmers were taken using purposive sampling technique, while the samples of supply chain actors were obtained using snowball sampling. The results have shown that the most efficient supply chain actors were retailers with an efficiency value of 1 (100%), while inefficient supply chain actors were farmers with an average efficiency value of 0.709. From a total of 50 Decision Making Unit (DMU) of total farmers, 13 DMU (26%) were efficient, while 37 DMU (74%) were inefficient and further need improvements, like using certified seeds and suitable fertilizer recommendations, as well as reducing external labor during the process of maintenance, harvesting and post-harvest. Farmers are expected to have the desire to learn from referral farmers.


garlic production; optimization; performance

Full Text:



Abdulai, A., & Eberlin, R. (2001). Technical efficiency during economic reform in Nicaragua: Evidence from farm household survey data. Economic Systems, 25(2), 113–125. Crossref

Baltacioglu, T., Ada, E., Kaplan, M. D., And, Y., & Kaplan, Y. C. (2007). A New Framework for Service Supply Chains. The Service Industries Journal, 27(2), 105–124. Crossref

Bastas, A., & Liyanage, K. (2018). Sustainable supply chain quality management: A systematic review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 181, 726–744. Crossref

Batt, P. J. (2009). Supply Chain Management: Concepts and Application within the Transitional Economies. Banwa, 6(1), 1–13. Crossref

Benkeblia, N. (2004). Antimicrobial activity of essential oil extracts of various onions (Allium cepa) and garlic (Allium sativum). LWT - Food Science and Technology, 37(2), 263–268. Crossref

BPS-Statistics of Jawa Tengah Province. (2020). Harvested area of vegetables by regency/municipality and kind of plant in Jawa Tengah Province, 2018 and 2019. Retrieved from Link

Burton, R. J. F. (2006). An alternative to farmer age as an indicator of life-cycle stage: The case for a farm family age index. Journal of Rural Studies, 22(4), 485–492. Crossref

Chakraborty, S., Bhattacharya, S., & Dobrzykowski, D. D. (2014). Impact of Supply Chain Collaboration on Value Co-creation and Firm Performance: A Healthcare Service Sector Perspective. Procedia Economics and Finance, 11(14), 676–694. Crossref

Charnes, A., Cooper, W. W., & Rhodes, E. (1978). Measuring the efficiency of decision making units. European Journal of Operational Research, 2(6), 429–444. Crossref

Cho, D. W., Lee, Y. H., Ahn, S. H., & Hwang, M. K. (2012). A framework for measuring the performance of service supply chain management. Computers and Industrial Engineering, 62(3), 801–818. Crossref

Chopra, S., & Meindl, P. (2001). Supply Chain Management: Strategy, Planning, and Operation. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Chopra, S., & Meindl, P. (2007) Supply Chain Management. Strategy, Planning & Operation. In: Boersch C., Elschen R. (eds) Das Summa Summarum des Management. Gabler. Crossref

De Fazio, M. (2016). Agriculture and Sustainability of the Welfare: The Role of the Short Supply Chain. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 8, 461–466. Crossref

Fantazy, K. A., Kumar, V., & Kumar, U. (2010). Supply management practices and perfor-mance in the Canadian hospitality industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29(4), 685–693. Crossref

Fischer, C., Hartmann, M., Reynolds, N., Leat, P. M. K., Revoredo-Giha, C., Henchion, M., Gracia, A., Albisu, L. M., Fischer, C. (Ed.), & Hartmann, M. (Ed.) (2010). Determinants of sustainable agri-food chain relationships in Europe. In C. Fischer, & M. Hartmann (Eds.), Agri-food Chain Relationships (pp. 119 - 134). CABI Publishing. Retrieved from Link

Gale, H. F. (2003). Age-Specific Patterns of Exit and Entry in U.S. Farming, 1978–1997. Review of Agricultural Economics, 25(1), 168–186. Retrieved from Link

Furqon, C. (2014). Analisis Manajemen dan Kinerja Rantai Pasokan Agribisnis Buah Stroberi di Kabupaten Bandung. Analisis Manajemen dan Kinerja Rantai Pasokan Agribisnis, 3(2), 109–126. Retrieved from Link

Haciseferoǧullari, H., Özcan, M., Demir, F., & Çalişir, S. (2005). Some nutritional and technological properties of garlic (Allium sativum L.). Journal of Food Engineering, 68(4), 463–469. Crossref

Ibrahim, S. B., & Hamid, A. A. (2012). Supply Chain Management Practices and Supply Chain Performance Effectiveness. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 3(8), 187-195. Retrieved from Link

Iwata, K. (2004). Diverse working conditions among non-standard employees : JIL research report and policy implications. Japan Labor Review, 1(1), 77–91. Retrieved from Link

Kazemzadeh, R. B., Sepehri, M. M., & Jahantigh, F. F. (2012). Design and Analysis of a Health Care Supply Chain Management. Advanced Materials Research, 433–440, 2128–2134. Crossref

Lai, K. H., Ngai, E. W. T., & Cheng, T. C. E. (2002). Measures for evaluating supply chain performance in transport logistics. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 38(6), 439-456. Crossref

Lee, J., & Spratling, R. (2019). Recruiting Mothers of Children With Developmental Disabilities: Adaptations of the Snowball Sampling Technique Using Social Media. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 33(1), 107–110. Crossref

Lee, S. M., Lee, D. H., & Schniederjans, M. J. (2011). Supply chain innovation and organizational performance in the healthcare industry. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 31(11), 1193–1214. Crossref

Liang, L., Yang, F., Cook, W. D., & Zhu, J. (2006). DEA Models for Supply Chain Efficiency Evaluation. Annals of Operations Research, 145, 35–49. Crossref

Lovász, A., & Rigó, M. (2013). Vintage effects, aging and productivity. Labour Economics, 22, 47–60. Crossref

Nurdiani, N. (2014). Teknik Sampling Snowball dalam Penelitian Lapangan. ComTech: Computer, Mathematics and Engineering Applications, 5(2), 1110. Crossref

Peng wong, W., & Yew wong, K. (2011). Supply chain management, knowledge management capability and their linkages towards firm performance. Business Process Management Journal, 17(6), 940–964. Crossref

Persson, F., & Olhager, J. (2002). Performance simulation of supply chain designs. International Journal of Production Economics, 77(3), 231–245. Crossref

Petropoulos, S. A., Fernandes, Â., Ntatsi, G., Petrotos, K., Barros, L., & Ferreira, I. C. F. R. (2018). Nutritional value, chemical charac-terization and bulb morphology of Greek Garlic landraces. Molecules, 23(2), 1–14. Crossref

Rahimnia, F., & Moghadasian, M. (2010). Supply chain leagility in professional services: how to apply decoupling point concept in healthcare delivery system. Supply Chain Management, 15(1), 80-91. Crossref

Rong, A., Akkerman, R., & Grunow, M. (2011). An optimization approach for managing fresh food quality throughout the supply chain. International Journal of Production Economics, 131(1), 421–429. Crossref

Sadler, G. R., Lee, H. C., Lim, R. S. H., & Fullerton, J. (2010). Recruitment of hard-to-reach population subgroups via adaptations of the snowball sampling strategy. Nursing and Health Sciences, 12(3), 369–374. Crossref

Sari, S. W., Nurmalina, R., & Setiawan, B. (2014). Efisiensi Kinerja Rantai Pasok Ikan Lele di Indramayu, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis, 11(1), 12–23. Retrieved from Link

Sigala, M. (2008). A supply chain management approach for investigating the role of tour operators on sustainable tourism: the case of TUI. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(15), 1589–1599. Crossref

Skandrani, H., Triki, A., & Baratli, B. (2011). Trust in supply chains, meanings, determinants and demonstrations: A qualitative study in an emerging market context. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 14(4), 391–409. Crossref

Sugiyono. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sukmaningrum, A., & Imron, A. (2017). Memanfaatkan Usia Produktif dengan Usaha Kreatif Industri Pembuatan Kaos pada Remaja. Paradigma, 5(3), 1–6. Retrieved from Link

Tan, K. C. (2001). A framework of supply chain management literature. European Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 7(1), 39–48. Crossref

Thakkar, J., Kanda, A., & Deshmukh, S. G. (2009). Supply chain performance measure-ment framework for small and medium scale enterprises. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 16(5), 702–723. Crossref

Tippayawong, K. Y., Niyomyat, N., Sopadang, A., & Ramingwong, S. (2016). Factors affecting green supply chain operational performance of the Thai auto parts industry. Sustainability (Switzerland), 8(11), 1161. Crossref

Wongnaa, C. A., & Awunyo-vitor, D. (2017). Scale efficiency of maize farmers in four agro ecological zones of Ghana : A parametric approach. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 18(3), 275–287. Crossref

Wu, C., Wang, M., Dong, Y., Cheng, Z., & Meng, H. (2015). Growth, bolting and yield of garlic (Allium sativum L.) in response to clove chilling treatment. Scientia Horticulturae, 194(14), 43–52. Crossref

Zhang, M., & Huo, B. (2013). The impact of dependence and trust on supply chain integration. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 43(7), 544–563. Crossref

Zhang, X., Song, H., & Huang, G. Q. (2009). Tourism supply chain management: A new research agenda. Tourism Management, 30(3), 345–358. Crossref


  • There are currently no refbacks.