Pengaruh Usia Menarche terhadap Tinggi Badan Wanita di Daerah Endemis Gondok

Muhammad Taufiq Hidayat, Selfi Handayani, Siti Munawaroh


Introduction: Height affected by various factor. One factor that can affect female’s height is menarcheal age. Sexual hormone in female’s body will be activated at menarche and it will stimulate the closure of epiphyseal plate. Final height in female with late menarche is higher than female with early menarche. While in goiter endemic areas with Iodine Deficiency Disorder especially in mountain area, it has earlier menarcheal age than normal female that live in non goiter endemic area. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between age at menarche and height endemic goiter.

Methods: This study was an observational study with cross-sectional design. It was held in the goiter endemic Ngargoyoso, Karanganyar. Samples of women aged over 20 years with upright posture that live in Ngargoyoso were obtained by simple random sampling, then measuring the height using statometer and obtaining menarcheal age by questioner. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation test (α = 0.05), which had previously been tested for normality by Kolmogorov Smirnov.

Results: The mean age of menarche sample was 13.38 years with the lowest age of 11 years and the highest age of 18 years. While the average height was 156.8 cm samples with the lowest height was 139 cm and the highest was 168 cm. Pearson correlation test results showed that height was significantly associated with age at menarche woman endemic goiter (p = 0.001).

Conclusions: Age of menarche associated with height in an endemic goiter area.
The earlier age of menarche will affect the final height of the woman.



Keywords:Menarche, Height in women, Height, Goiter, Hypothyroid

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