Yuni Awalaturrohmah Solihah


Abstract: This present study investigates the use of evaluative language in each 13 male and female students’ arguments drawing on Appraisal Theory by Martin and White (2005). It focuses on Attitude as one of subsystems in Appraisal to discover how similarities and differences in Attitude distribution. Male and female students’ arguments were selected to be analyzed using written discourse analysis. The findings showed that there was similarity in the distribution of affect in both male and female students’ arguments. This represented their arguments conveyed their emotion or feeling toward the issue given in the same way. Meanwhile, the differences were on the distribution of judgement and appreciation in their arguments. The male students conveyed their position to argue people’s behavior in positive way, while the female students represented their arguments about people’s behavior toward the issue given in negative way. In the distribution of appreciation, the male students represented their arguments to convey their position to argue the issue given in the negative way, but the female students conveyed their arguments toward the phenomena/things in positive way. From the overall distribution, the appreciation was the highest resources to represent their arguments about things or phenomena toward the issue given. The numbers of attitude distribution of female students were more than the male students indicating the female students were better than male students to convey their arguments toward the issue given. This study suggests that the teachers/lecturers could teach the attitude resources to strengthen the students’ arguments. 


attitude; male students; female students; appraisal; written discourse analysis

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