Cultural Issue of Frances Hodgson Burnett Novel The Secret Garden

Aprilia Rosmarie


Abstract:  Reading activity is a fascinating activity. It would trigger and enhance the readers’ critical thinking. Reading activity could be for academic or non-academic purpose. In literature reading, the readers may use any textbook or fictions book. Literature and culture has their connectivity between them. This study aimed to determine the cultural issue of ‘The Secret Garden’ novel by Frances Hodgson Burnett. In analysing the data, the writer used qualitative method. After doing the novel analysis, the researcher could conclude the cultural issues in this novel. The research results of the cultural issues were bullying and racism. Bullying and racism appeared and happened since a long time. Both of them would give any bad impacts to the victim. Doing sarcasm, hatred, revenge, bullying, and racism are disgraceful behaviour.

Abstrak: Kegiatan membaca adalah sesuatu hal yang menyenangkan. Kegiatan ini dapat memacu dan meningkatkan cara berpikir kritis pembaca. Para pembaca literatur bisa menggunakan buku pelajaran atau buku fiksi. Literatur dan budaya memiliki hubungan satu sama lain. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan isu budaya yang terdapat pada novel ‘The Secret Garden’ yang ditulis oleh Frances Hodgson Burnett. Penulis menggunakan metode kualitatif untuk menganalisis data. Setelah melakukan analisis, penulis mengambil kesimpulan bahwa isu budaya yang terdapat dalam novel ini adalah intimidasi dan rasis. Intimidasi dan rasis telah muncul dan berlangsung sejak lama. Kedua hal ini dapat memberikan efek negatif kepada korban. Melakukan sarkasme, kebencian, balas dendam, intimidasi dan rasis adalah perbuatan tercela.


Cultural issue; novel analysis; literature; bullying; racism

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